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Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (25):
1

respiratory syncytial virus

affects the bronchiole

2

cystic fibrosis, genetic

must get gene from both parents

3

dx test cystic fibrosis

sweat chloride test

4

GERD

chronic form of gastroesophageal reflux, tissue damage to respi structure= pneumo and bronchospasm

5

GERD postioning

elevated prone= dim reflux and improves stomach emptying

6

hirschsprungus stools

ribbon like

7

pyloric stenosis

projectile vo after feeding, spit up formula with gastric juice, olive shaped mass in epigastric region

8

intussuseption

currant jelly stools, drawing up of knees, piece of bowel that goes in itself

9

Tracheosphageal fistula:mother

hydramnios, baby never swallowed amniotic fluid

10

hydrocephalus manif

palpate anterior fontanel, dilated scalp veins, depressed eyes, change LOC, high pitch cry, irrit

11

post-op hydrocephalus

measure frontal occipital circumference, temp, supine

12

rheumatic fever

beta hemolytic strep

13

Sx CHF

aug pls at rest, aug RR, scalp sweating, fatigue, sudden weight aug

14

Trx CHF

listen to lungs, control room temp (aug T= more workload), sit up, rest, dim stimuli, humidified cool O2, uninterrupted sleep, calm play, loose clothes and diapers, respond to crying baby quickly, can't handle fever

15

Nut CHF

nipple with large opening, every 3h

16

digoxin normal levels

8-2

17

stop digoxin if levels if

pls less than 110 baby, 70 for child

18

give digoxin

one hour before or 2 hours after feeding

19

Effects of chronic hypoxia

polycythemia: too many RBC= thinkers blood= stroke + no place for platelets. keep hydrated

20

ventricular septal defect: many

close spontaneously during 1st year

21

atrial septal defect sx

atrial arythmia

22

atrial septal defect trx

surgery before school age

23

patent ductus arterioles which sided heart failure

L

24

coaptation of aorta sx

big difference in BP and pls of upper and lower extremities

25

pulmonic stenosis sx

enlarged heart