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Flashcards in Food Deck (9):
1

name some factors that influence the amount and type of food needed by each person

age, gender, activity levels and health

2

what do different foods contain?

different amounts of energy

3

what is the amount of energy in food known as

its energy value

4

what is energy measured in

joules (J)

5

what are the normal units for the energy value of food

kilojoules per gram (kJ/g)

6

what energy values do carbohydrates, fats and proteins have.

in general carbohydrates and proteins have the same energy values while fats have over twice the energy value of the other two

7

when does the human body use protein for energy?
why?

only when it is close to starvation. this is to prevent it from digesting digesting body parts such as muscles and the heart

8

where is the energy content of a food often given?

on a nutrition information panel on the side of the food container

9

what does failure to eat a balanced diet result in? example

a person being malnourished and unhealthy
if people eat too many high energy foods they may become overweight