Flashcards in Genetics Deck (20):
What is genetics?
Genetics is the study of how traits or characteristics are inherited.
What are inherited characteristics? Give three examples.
inherited characteristics are passed on from parents to children.
Examples: eye colour, height, shape of face.
What are non-inherited characteristics?
give three examples
Non-inherited characteristics are learned during life.
Example: learning to drive a car, reading, riding a bike.
What are chromosomes?
thread-like structures made up of DNA and protein. They are found in the nucleus of the cell.
what are genes?
sections of DNA found on chromosomes
How many chromosomes do humans have in the nuclei of their cells
how many chromosomes do humans inherit from their father?
how many chromosomes do humans inherit from their mother?
how many chromosomes does a zygote contain?
what is the thing called when the chromosomes from the mother and father meet?
where are genes found?
where are chromosomes found?
in the nucleus of the cell
when are non-inherited characteristics learned?
how do we get inherited characteristics?
from are parents
where are the chromosomes from the father found?
where are the chromosomes from the mother found?
in the egg
where is the nucleus found?
what is the male chromosome?
whate is the female chromosome?
what are the names of the DNA subunits?
A, T, C, G