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Flashcards in Food Safety Deck (13):

What conditions to microorganisms need to grow and multiply?

1. A warm temperature
2. Plenty of moisture
3. Plenty of food
4. The right pH
5. Enough time


What are high-risk foods?

ready-to-eat foods, that if not stored correctly, could grow harmful bacteria on them


What degrees must you cook above in order to kill bacteria?

75 degrees


What is the danger zone (the range of temperatures that bacteria grows fastest within)?

From 5 degrees to 63 degrees


What are ambient foods?

Foods that can be safely stored at room temperature


Give 5 steps to reduce health and safety risks when preparing food?

1. Wash your hands
2. Separate raw and cooked foods using different chopping boards
3. Wash raw veggies thoroughly
4. Use clean equipment and clean surfaces
5. Defrost frozen food fully, and away from other food


Give 2 steps to reduce health and safety risks when cooking?

1. Cook food at right temps and for correct times
2. Test temperature of food using a temp probe


Give 2 steps to reduce health and safety risks when serving food?

1. Serve hot food right away
2. Keep food covered to prevent insects contaminating it


Name and describe the 5 types of bacteria?

1. Campylobacter: from raw meat/untreated milk or water
2. E.coli: raw beef, untreated milk/water, unwashed veggies
3. Staphylococcus aureus: Found on our bodies
4. Listeria: found in soft cheeses and shellfish
5. Salmonella: found in raw meat and eggs


What is pasteurisation?

When milk is heated at around 72 degrees for 15 seconds to kill off any bacteria


What does mould do for certain types of cheeses?

It gives it a creamy texture and a distinctive sharp, tangy taste


What does yeast do for bread?

Helps bread rise by producing carbon dioxide in the bread


What does bacteria do for yoghurt?

produces lactic acid to thicken yoghurt and give it a sour or tangy taste