Why is obesity more common in more deprived areas?
- Lower (health) education
- Reduced cooking facilities
- Cost of healthy foods, so takeaways
- Cultural expectations
- Unhealthy budgeting choices e.g. smoking
What are the 3 lay beliefs about health?
- Absence of disease
- Physical fitness
- Functional ability
How is non-maleficence put into practice?
Culture of sputum and discussion with microbiology to minimise risk
How might someone fell healthy?
- Lack of illness or chronic condition
- Regular exercise
- No regular medicine
- Ability to work and socialise
- Healthy diet
- Ability to become pregnant
Why might someone perceive something to be normal?
- Media via TV programmes
- Might be normal for their peer/social group
What does a normal distribution curve look like?
Gradual increase, followed by a gradual decrease
What are the 6 aims of the Calgary Cambridge model?
- Initiating the session
- Gathering information
- Providing structure
- Building relationship
- Explanation and planning
- Closing the session
What does ADL mean?
The activités of daily living. refers to daily self-care activities, by measuring functional status. Used especially in regards to people with disabilities and the elderly
What is the definition of birth rate?
A summary rate based on the number of live births in a population over a given period of time, usually one year
Social cognitive theory
A theory that takes into account personal, environmental, social and behavioural factors
What is self-efficacy?
Belief in the ability to change
What determines the social and economic gradient of health?
Access to health care
Physical and social environmental exposures
- Health behaviours
- Life-course factors
Access to healthcare defiinition
The opportunity to use healthcare regardless of whether you actually do use it
What does access to healthcare depend on?
What are the childhood experiences that influence health?
What are the personal factors of the social cognitive theory?
What are the environmental/social factors of the social cognitive theory?
- Social support
What are the behavioural factors of the social cognitive theory?
Pattern of behaviour
What is involved in self-efficacy?
- Persistence in the face of obstacles
- Recovery from setbacks
What occurs in social biology?
- Increased BP
- Impaired glucose tolerance
- Immune dysregulation
- Oxidative cellular stress with accelerated ageing
A quality improvement process that seeks to improve patient care and outcomes through systematic review of care against criteria and the implementation of change
The process of carefully and systematically examining research to judge its trustworthiness, and its value and relevance in a particular context
A physiological or psychological dysfunction, the biological process is the same in each individual (unlike illness)
A pesions experience or subjectile notion of being ill
- To Connect with the patient
- To Summarise and Verbally Check that the reasons for attendance are clear
- To Hand Over and bring the consultation to a close
- To ensure that a Safety Net exists in that no serious possibilities have been missed
- To deal with the Housekeeping of recovery and reflection.
Protective factor and susceptibility
- Protective factor: decreases the risk of harm
- Susceptibility: influences the likelihood that something will cause harm
There are 3 principles that govern he perception of risk:
Feeling in control
Size of the possible harm
Familiarity with the risk
Individual variables in risk perception
attitudes towards risk,
Socio economic factors
Indirect effects of environment
- Housing e.g. overcrowding
- Transport e.g. does it encourage walking/car use
- Town planning e.g. access to amenities, social networks
- Income/welfare/wealth distribution
Diet, Inhalation, dermal hazardous exposure
– UV-A / UV-B