Formative past papers 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Formative past papers 4 Deck (10):

Different kinds of normality

  • Statistical
  • Cultural
  • Attitudinal
  • Circumstantial
  • Individual


ADL - Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)

A term used in healthcare to refer to daily self-care activities. Used routinely as a
measurement of the functional status of a person, particularly in regards to people with
disabilities and the elderly.


Birth Rate

Is a summary rate based on the number of live births in a population over a given period of time, usually one year.


Clinical Audit

A quality improvement process that seeks to improve patient care and outcomes through
systematic review of care against explicit criteria and the implementation of change.



The process of managing stress (see later).


Critical Appraisal

The process of carefully and systematically examining research to judge its trustworthiness, and its value and relevance in a particular context.


Infant Mortality Rate

A measure of the rate of deaths (usually in one year) in children less than one year old with the number of live births in the same year as the denominator


Mortality rate: The death rate

All-cause mortality: a measure of the number of deaths (from any cause) in a particular
population, scaled to the size that population usually expressed per 1,000 or 100,000 persons per year


Quality of Life

The general well-being of individuals and societies.

Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a multi-dimensional concept that includes domains related to physical, mental, emotional and social functioning, and focuses on the impact health status has on quality of life.



Is a measure of disease burden, including both the quality and the quantity of life lived. It is used in assessing the value for money of an intervention. The QALY is based on the number of years of life that would be added by the intervention.