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Flashcards in Fossils Deck (25)
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1

OH 24 (4)

homo habilis
early find of habilis
"twiggy"
Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania (Africa)

2

KNM ER 1813 (3)

homo habilis
most complete Homo habilis skull
Kenya

3

KNM ER 1470 (3)

homo rudolfensis
holotype for rudolfensis
Kenya
1.9-1.8 mya

4

ER 3733 (3)

homo ergaster
oldest ergaster found (around same time as paranthropus robustus)
East Lake, Turkana (Africa)

5

WT 15000 (4)

homo ergaster
juvenile, most complete erectus specimen found
Nariokotome Boy
Nariokotome, Kenya

6

Dmanisi group (6)

-early homo erectus (smaller)
-earliest known Homo to be found outside Africa
​-morphological differences from Erectus: smaller brains (600-780cc), thinner browridge, projecting lower face with larger canines
​- used Oldowan stone tools
-elderly skull w/ no teeth --> implied they took care of their elders
-Georgia

7

Early homo (3)

OH 24
KNM ER 1813
KNM ER 1470

8

Homo erectus (3)

ER 3733
WT 15000
Dmanisi Group

9

Ataperuca/ simas de los huesos (5)

-H heidelbergensis
-.4mya
-Spain
-DNA analysis showed it was related to both Neanderthals and Denisovans
-DNA most related to Denisovans; believed to be the group before Neanderthals and Denisovan's split from each other

10

Engis (2)

first neanderthal found
Belgium, Germany

11

Mauer jaw (3)

heidelbergensis jaw
earliest fossil found for heidelbergensis
Heidelberg, Germany

12

Kabwe 1 cranium (3)

homo rhodesiensis
holotype for rhodesiensis
Kabwe, Zambia

13

Feldhofer calvaria (3)

homo neanderthalis
holotype for neanderthals
Germany

14

La chapelle aux saints (5)

-homo neanderthalis
-osteoarthritic, presumed elderly Neaderthal ("old man")
-showed neanderthals cared for elderly
-created misconception neanderthals were hunchbacked
-France

15

La farrassie (3)

homo neanderthalis
classic neanderthal morphology
feel & limb bones --> erect walking position

16

Denisovan group (3)

denisovan
DNA analysis of 1 finger & 1 molar --> different from Neanderthals (sister species)
Denisovan cave, siberia

17

Neanderthals (4)

La Ferrassie
La chapelle aux saints
Feldhofer calvaria
Engis

18

H heidelbergensis (2)

Ataperuca/ simas de los huesos
Mauer jaw

19

Omo 1 (5)

Homo sapien (AMH)
had a chin (& canine fossa)
earliest AMH found
195kya
Omo, Ethiopia

20

Herto (4)

Homo sapien (AMH)
oldest most complete AMH found
evolved from Homo rhodesiensis
Omo, Ethiopia

21

Skhul V (4)

Homo sapien (AMH)
oldest AMH found outside Africa
115kya
Israel

22

Qafzeh 9 (4)

Homo sapien (AMH)
Second oldest AMH found outside Africa
110kya
Israel

23

LB1 (3)

homo floresiensis
Holotype for floresiensis
Flores, Indonesis

24

Kennewick Man (3)

Homo sapien (AMH)
originally thought it was a european, turned out to be native american after DNA analysis
Washington State, US

25

Zhoukoudian (5)

-Homo erectus
-China cave site, .7-.4mya
-lots of material found
-hyena cave?
-thick skull and pronounced brow ridges, protruding lower face