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Flashcards in Foundation Chapture Deck (86)
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1

who taught the indigenous tribes of northern Italy how to grow vines and make wine

The Etruscans

2

Advanced viticulture and winemaking in Italy's South

The Greeks

3

who introduced the concept of terroir by matching grapes to soil types

The Romans

4

Italis 5 greatest civilizations in order oldest to newest.

Etruscans Greek Roman Lumbards Kingdom of Sardegna

5

True or false in the Middle Ages wooden barrels were used to determine the quality of the wine.

true

6

T/F The first written mentions of Nebbiolo Barbera and Garganega appear in the Middle Ages.

true

7

t/f the overall quality of wine improved in the middle ages

false

8

t/f in the middle ages ministries preserved wine culture and viticulture

true

9

true false Spains controlling interest in Italy was diminished by the Austrian Hausberg empire.

True

10

T/F the kingdom of Sardegna united into the kingdom of Italy in 1861

true

11

t/f a winter freeze in 1709 destroyed almost all the vineyards in northern Italy.

true

12

t/f corks and glass bottles were widespread in the 18th century.

false

13

The t/f renaissance started in Paris and spread through Italy in the 15 century.

false

14

The discovery of the Americas created widespread economic destruction in Italy.

true

15

t/f the initial unification included all of the current terror of Italy

flase

16

the Papal states remained independent after the initial unification

true

17

t/f the kingdom of Italy was declared March 17 1861

true

18

Veneto was incorporated into the kingdom of Italy before Trentino and Alto Adige

true

19

what northern province would you most likely find volcanic hills

Veneto

20

the majority of Italies vineyards are found in

on the hillsides

21

t/f the Pandana Plains Separate the Alps from the Apennines

true

22

the alps block humid air currents from the Adriatic sea

false

23

t/f The Pre alps are a lower altitude range contiguous to the alps

true

24

t/f The Apennines are considerably lower in altitude than the Alps

true

25

the climate of the Pandana Plain is

fully continental

26

what regions enjoy the autonomous status

Friuli Venezi Giulis, Valle D'Aosta Trentino- Alto Adige

27

what of the following soils is of volcanic origin
Moraine
Dolomite
Marl
porphyry

prophyry

28

what is Italy's longest river

the Po

29

t/f the Mezzadria system was abolished in the 1860's

true

30

t/f the Mezzadria system was widespread in northern and central Italy

true

31

t/f the Mezzadria system favored land owners

true

32

t/f the Mezzadria system was more focused on quality rather than quantity

false

33

t/f the Mezzadria system farmers tend to plan only one crop

true

34

what is Italy's most planted grape variety

Sangiovese

35

how high can Pergola vines grow

6 feet

36

t/f the tendon system is only used for the highest quality grapes

false

37

t/f as a rule, vines trained on the pergola deliver large crop lodes

true

38

grapes grown on Pergolas have little risk of sunburn as they hang under the canopy

true

39

True / Flase, only Spain cultivate moe grape varieties than Italy

false

40

many of Italy's indigenous grapes were lost after the phylloxera pandemic

true

41

t/f the isolation of winegrowing areas led to the extension of many indigenous vines

false

42

there are at least 350 cultivate grapes varieties in Italy

true

43

some of Italys indigenous grapes have been written about since the middle ages.

true

44

t/f both pinot Noir and chardonnay are used for sparkling wines some areas in Italy

true

45

the tank method for sparkling wines was invented in Italy

true

46

Italian sparkling wine tend to have low dosage

true

47

Itays white wines were initially made with skin on

true

48

red wines were traditionally ages in small french oka barrels

false Bott

49

the 1970 ushered in a wine making revolution in Italy

true

50

Italy's sweet wine production pre-dated the middle ages

true

51

definition of recito

a term used for sweet wines of Veneto

52

what is a botti

Large wooden casks

53

what is Appassimento

process of drying grapes before vinification

54

what is Passito

wines made from semi-dried grapes

55

the term " Talento" indicates

sparkling wine made in the traditional method

56

put these in sweetness level from sweetest to driest
Amabile Abbaccato Dolce

1. Dolce
2.Amabile
3. Abbaccato

57

what does a gold fascetta indicate

DOCG

58

t/f Classico designation indicates higher quality and prestige

true

59

t/f Classico designation indicates the wine has the same regulations as the regular appellation

false

60

t/f Classico designation indicates a longstanding tradition of production of a specific wine

true

61

t/f Classico designation indicates it is the original and historic growing area of a doc or docg

true

62

what is a Consorzio

a voluntary association comprising producers merchants and coops for specific Dos, and doc

63

put the EU wine category in order from highest to lowest

DOP Denominazione origine protetta.
IGP Indicazione Protetta
Vini with grape and or vintage
vini

64

Put these Italian wine qualities from highest to lowest

Denominazione origine Controllata e Garantita
Denominazione origine Controllata
Indicazione Geografica Tapica
Vini

65

what grape varital can not appear on an Italian generic wine label
merlot, Cab Sauv, Syrah, Pinot noir

pinot noir

66

what items may be regulated by a DOCG

delimited boundaries
final alcohol
harvest yields
aging requirements
vine density
wine style
winemaking techniques

67

fermo

a still wine

68

annata

vintage

69

vigna

a single vinyard

70

vivance

lightly fizzy wine

71

Ambile

medium sweet wine

72

bianco

white wine

73

Dolce

a sweet wine more than 4.5 % or 45 G rs

74

frizzante

a semi sparkling wine

75

imbottigliato all'origine

estate bottled

76

liquoriso

fortified wine

77

novello

a wine released shortly after its made similar to a boujoulais nouvous

78

riserva

a wine that undergoes an extended aging process usually with stricter production laws

79

rosato

a rose

80

rosso

a red wine

81

secco

a dry wine max .4% of 4 g of sugar

82

spumante

a fully sparkling wine

83

superior

a wine with a higher maximum alcohol also stricter production criteria, Lower max yields and density

84

vendemmia

harvest or vintage

85

vendemmia tardiva

late harvest can be sweet or dry

86

vigna

single Vinyard term