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1

Northern Piemonte

includes the Nothern provinces of Novara ,Vercelli and Biella the wines are largely based on Nebbiolo and Erbluche

2

western Piemonte and the Torino hills

this is the smallest and least productive sub-region covers the

3

Alba

surrounds the city of alba the province of Cuneo the hills of langue and Roero flanks the banks of the Tanaro river the traditional home of Nebbiolo

4

Monferrato

a large hilly area

5

what is another name for nothern Piemonte

alto piemonte

6

what is nebbolio callies in nothern or alto piemonte

Spanna

7

where is teh Appleations og Gattinara and Ghemme

Morthern Piedmonte around the hills/city of Novara and Vercelli

8

what wine district surrounds teh city of Ivera north of Torino? what famous doc and docg

CanaveseErbaluce di Caluso DOCG and the Camerna Doc

9

whats soils are in the Vervelli hills

glacial marine and volcanic

10

what river divieds Navara and Vercelli Hills

Sesia river that flos south into the po

11

What are the predominate appelations within this district. Novara and Vercelli hills

Gattinarea DOCG
Ghemme Docg
Lessona Doc
Bramaterra Doc
Boca doc
camera doc
Erbaluce di Caluso or Caluso Docg

12

what was the traditional vine training system of Navara and the Vercelli (Alto Piemonte) vs now

traditionally most was the Pergola system now they are trained in Guyot

13

what northern alto piedmont region greats the best and longest-lived expression of Nebbiolo

Gattinara DOCG

14

what soils are in Gattinara DOCG

porphyritic sub soils planted on steep hillsides, this area is the best combination of soil aspect and altitude for Nebbolio if all of alto piemonte

15

soem of the most prestigious single vinyard sites of gattinara DOCG

Osso san Grato, San Francesco Castelle

16

what are the wine laws of Gattinara

90% nebbolio Vespolina or Uva Rara make up the 10%
35 months total ageing minium of 24 months in oak riserva is 36 months in oak

17

what DOC?DOCG is located opposite Gattinara?

Ghemme DOCG

18

Ghemme is located on the east bank of what river

the sesia river

19

what are the grape requirements for Ghemme

85% Nebbiolo, up to 15% Vespolina or Uva Rara

20

What are the aging requirements of Ghemme Docg

aged for a min of 34 months with 18 in oak

21

Nebbiolo from the south have higher acidity than the ones from the north T/F

F

22

What is the blending rules for Lessona Doc

minium of 85% Nebbiolo and the usual suspect fo the rest

23

Where is Lessona Doc

it is in Alta Piemonte

24

where is Bramaterra Doc located

between Lessona DOC and Gattinara Docg

25

what is the blending rules for Bramattera

Nebbiolo accounts for 50-80% of the blend only one that allows up to 30% Croatina. ad 20 % the usual suspects.

26

Where is Boca doc

it is the northernmost appellation and the most prestigious on the east bank after Ghemme

27

what is the Boca Doc

Nebbiolo accounts for 70-90 % and up to 30% of the usual suspects

28

Describe Canavese

an historic wine district in Alto Piemonte west of the Vercelli hills and Novara just south of Valle d'aosta

29

what river flows through Canavese

the Dora Baltea river

30

where is Carema Doc

it is a tini historic district in Canavese, in the Dora Baltea Valley

31

what kinds of wine are made in Carema Doc

Nebbiolo based vino de montagna, mountain wine

32

who makes Vino de Montagna

Carema DOC nebbiolo based

33

what is the typical pergola for Carmea

th topia horizontal chestnut arms held up by pillars. suitable for the super steep hill of the valley.

34

what are the grape/ age requirements for Camera

Nebbiolo 85% min aged for at least 2 years. Reserva 3 with one in wood.

35

where si Erbaluce di Caluso DOCG

within canavese on the eastern side. within the banks of the Ivera river

36

what are the traditional style of wine in Erbaluce di Caluso DOCG

sweet passito wines

37

T/F Erbaluce di Caluso DOCG can be made with a variety of grapes

false 100% erbaluce

38

what is considered western Piemonte and the Torino hills

sub-region in the western Alps of Piemonte within the province os Torino and Cuneo. with 3 small high altitude DOC

39

Alba

the alba sun begin lies in southern Piemonte within the eastern section of Cuneo

40

what river separates the Roero hills

the Tanaro river

41

what are the difference between the Langue hills and the Roero hills

Roero hills low rising and steeply sloped the Langue hills are higher in elevation

42

what cause the soils of Alba

the retreat of the Padano sea 15 mil YAG layers of clay, calcareous marls and sandstone. though similar n birth the separate hills are quite distinct

43

what is the local name in Langye for the compact calcareous marls.

terre Bieche

44

what are the soils in Roero like

younger as of 5 MYA softer sandier and right in marine fossles

45

what are a soil concern for Roero and Langhe hills

all soft soils no pebbles, erosion is an issue.

46

what are the classic grapes of the Langue and roero

Nebbiolo Barbera add Dolcetto

47

how many appelations are in langue and Roero

12 many overlap

48

how does the Langue hills get its name

the hills are shaped as the tongue of land as the hills run parallel to them selves looking like tonges

49

the mindset inLangue is similar to what french region and how

Burgundy as they place grans importance in village origin. viticulture in Lanuge is about subtle changes in terror and elevation

50

what river runs through langue and roero

Tanaro

51

What are the Nebbiolo based appellations in Langue hills

Barolo DOCG
Barbarseco DOCG

52

How are the Langue hills divided typically

Alta Langhe and Bassa Langue referring to the altitude of the hill that increase as they spread south

53

what town is the point of separation between higher and lower Langue

Monforte d'Alba the climate becomes cooler and less suitable for Nrbbolio and more suited to Dolcetto

54

what river moderates the climate of the Langue hills

Tanaro river

55

what are the most widely planted grapes in the Langue hills.

Nebbiolo Dolcetto barbera and Moscato Bianco fallowed by Pelaverga Freisa and Favorita and Nascetta.

56

why is Nebbiolo Planted on the best sites

because it is the most prestigious and difficult to grow.

57

when did Barolo turn from sweet wines to dry wins

mid-1800 because of the last Marquies of Barolo Giuli Falletti

58

who was Camillo Benso Count of Cavour

one of the leading figures f the Italian unification in 1861 he became italiy first prime minister

59

the importance of The Marquise of Barolo

she made the dry style of Barolo and introduced it to the courts of Torino where it caught the attention of the Savoyard royal family. The wines were so prised, they became liquid ambasords of the royal family and spread everywhere.

60

where is Barolo DOCG located

un the north west part of Langye on the right bank of the Tanaro river Alba is just a few mines to the North Eastseperating it from Barbaresco

61

what is the grape concentrate of Barolo and how many towns can it be made in

100% nebbiolo 11 towns surrounding the strictly eliminated hills

62

what 5 villages make 95% of the Barolo

Monforte s'alba La Morra Barolo Castiglione Falletto Serralunga d'alba

63

in Barolo , Barbaresco and Langue, what do they call the best vineyard sites

Bricco or Sori, Bricco is the higher part of the hill sori means well exposed, sunny

64

what are the 2 main soil formations in Barolo

younger Tortonian more fertile calcareous marlsThe Older is Serravillian previously known as Helvetina

65

what vineyards are found on Tortonian soil

La morra and Barolo

66

what is the affect of wines grown on the Tortonian Soil

the wines are more perfumed elegant and softer mature faster

67

what is the composition of Serravallian soil

sandstone and silty Marls poor lest compact and less fertile than tortoniano.

68

how to wine grown in Serravillian soil come across

more power and depth and are fuller in body

69

what towns of Barolo are on serravillian soil

Monforte d'alba Serralunga d'alba and part of Castiglione

70

what is the MGA

menzioni geografiche Aggiuntive for specific vinyard sites.

71

is a MGA a clasification systrem

no

72

how many geographical MGA are in Barolo

181 if wich 11 are communal

73

what are the 2 most carefully charted vineyards in Italy

Barolo and Barbaresco

74

what was the traditional and uniques historic practices for making Barolo

long maceration times could eb uo to 2 minth commonly aged for another 4 years in large chestnut oak casks cald Botti

75

What is the name of the Aging vesicle traditional in Barolo

Botti, large Chestnut oak casks

76

what happened to Barolo in the 80's

the Barolo boys, in the early 80's some young producers seriously put wine-making tradition on its head they began to experiment with more approachable styles.

77

where do modern producers fall in the scheme of traditional and modern winemaking these days

Most fall in the middle, using modern and traditional methods.

78

what is the aging requirements for Barolo

aged for 36 months of which 18 months must be I oak the reserve needs to be aged for 62 months with the same oak

79

what is BArolo Chianto

a rare fortified wine that is a local specialty of Barolo

80

how was Barbresco formed.

in 1894 Domizio Cavazza director of the royal school of Enology d'alb bought the castle of Barbaresco with the surrounding vineyards and set up a co-op. from then on the wines were called Barbaresco.

81

what started to bring Barbresco into the light from Barolos shadow

the 1950,60 producers like Gaja Giacosa started demonstrating Barbresccos real potential

82

where is Barbresco located,

the right bank of the Tanaro river east northeast of Alba

83

whatare the 3 comunes nebbolio is planted in for Barbarseco

Barbarseco Neive and Treiso

84

what soil formations is most of Barbaresco planted on

Tortonian formation but has alternating layers of dand

85

why does Nebbiolo ripen sooner in Barbaresco

it is located closer to the Tanaro river and is slightly warmer

86

what is the aging requirements for Barbaresco

26 months with 9 months in oak for the reserve aged for 50 months with 9 in oak.

87

how many MGA are in Barbaresco

66

88

when did Barolo and Barbaresco become a DOC and then A DOCG

1966 A DOC AND IN 1980 A DOCG

89

Dogliani DOCG where is it located

located south of Barolo a large area where the Tanaro river flows through the appelation

90

what are the soils of Dogliani DOCG

layers of sandstone with Marles

91

where is Dolcetto di Diano d'alba (or Diano d' alba)

small hilltop village north of BArolo and east of Alba Dolceto has been growing here for ages

92

what are the soils of Diano d' Alba

whiteish sandstone

93

how many sites or cures are allowed in Diano 'd Alba, and what is the significance of this

76 sites or Sori, set in 1980's was Italy's first attempt to acknowledge "Sures" served as a model for neighboring appellations such as Barolo and BArbresco

94

Dolcetto d'alba Doc location

The large area covering the right bank of the Tarano river it overlaps Barbresco alba and Barolo leads south to Alta LAngue but cuts off at the beginning of Dogliani Docg

95

what are the sites and soils of Dolcetto d'alba Doc

exclusively hill sites and calcareous Marls and sandstone

96

what si the aging requirement for Dolcetto d'Alba

nothing for regular and a year for superior

97

Where is BArbera D'alba Doc

Based on the Barbera Grape and crossed the Tarano river

98

what is the Disiplinarry for Barbera d'alba

at least 85% Barbera up to 15% Nebbiolo but in practice the greater amount of the time it is 100% a Barbera

99

Langhe Doc.

a broad catch-all appellation that covers the entire sub-region

100

what DOC can producers use as a fall back for wines produced outside of the strict standards

Langue DOC

101

varietal wines from Langue need to have what % of the stated varietal

85%

102

why is the Langue Nebbiolo Doc important

so Barolo and Barbaresco producers can release younger and more approachable wines.

103

what is the blending discipline for Langue Nebbiolo DOC

85% Nebbolio

104

what was the Langue Doc originally created for.

creative bottlings of whites and reds. you can ins some super-cool wines under this DOC

105

what DOC does Nacetta del Comune di Novello fall in

Langue DOC produce a dry and passito style

106

Alta LAngue DOCG

a specified appelation for Metodo Classico ( Traditional method sparkeling wines)

107

Alta Langue DOCG located

covers almost of all Lange DOC and eastward toward Asti and Alessandria.

108

what are the grapes of Alta Langue DOCG

90-100% Pinot Nero and or chardonnay in Bianco and Pinot plays the dominant role

109

Where are the Roero Hilills located?

North of Alba on the left bank of the Tarano river

110

where did the Roero name come from

the Noble Roero family that ruled tha area in the middle ages

111

what makes the Roero hills landscape different from the langue hills

the hills are lower in altitude and steeper

112

what are Le rocche

rocky clifs in Roero that seperate the sandier soils

113

what are the major components of Roero soil

marine origin and sand sandstone and marals

114

what si one of the most arid regions of southern piemonte

Roero

115

what is the main application of the Rorero hills

Rorero DOCG

116

what are the 2 grapes of Roero hills

Nebbiolo and Arnes

117

what are the Roero Arnes bottles under

Roero Arnes Docg

118

what are the Roero Nebbiolo wines bottle as

Roero DOCG

119

when and how many MGMAs are in Roero

in 2017 the Consorzio of Roero made 153 and 18 are communal

120

what si the disiplinary for Roero DOCG

95% Nebbiolo and aged for 20 months in oak reserve is 32 months in oak.

121

who first started making high-quality dry wines from Arneis

Bruno Giacosa , Vietti and Negro

122

who came along and even more instrumental in transforming Arneis into a high-quality reputable grape

Ceretto

123

what is th disciplinary for Roero Arneis DOCG

95% arneis. the reserva needs to be aged for 16 months and there is a sparkling version

124

a little about Monferrato

a hilly area in douth east Piemote included within the provinces of Asti and Alessandria it has been a UNESCO world heritage site since 2014

125

what are the 3 main areas of Monferrato

Basso Monferrato
Monferrato Astigiano
Alto Monferrato

126

desctibe Basso Monferrato

Low monferrato, the low hills closer to the Po river

127

describe Monferrato Astigiano

the western portion of Monferrato south of asti bisected bt the Tarano river

128

describe Alto Monferrato

high Monferrato the southeast, the hill increase in altitude as the merge with the Lagurean apennines

129

describe Monferrato Astigiano

the western portion

130

Monfrrato is considered home to what historic grapes

Barbera Grignolino

131

what are the 3 principal soil types of Monferrato

Tere Bianche,
Sabbine Astiane the asti sands on both side of the Tarano river in Monferrato Asrigiano
Terre Rosse red lands alto monfrnerrato

132

what are infenotti or Infernot

underground cellars dug in teh maral sandstones

133

what are teh appelations in Monferratto

Barbera d'asti Docg
Nizza DOCG
Brachetto d'asti DOCG
Ruche de Castagnole monferatto DOCG
Freisa d'asti DOC
Gringnolino s'asti DOC
Asti Docg
Malvasia di Casorzo d'asti DOC

134

Barbera d'asti DOCG

volumes outranks all other reds in Piemonte its the second larges appellation after sti

135

what are the production disciplinary for BArbera d' asti

90% Barbera and aged a minium of 4 months 14 months for superior for special selected grapes

136

what does BArbara d'Asti tasts liek cmpated to BArbera d' aAlba

D' Asti is more fruity mineral and more refreshing as it has a slightly higher acid content

137

what are the teo sub zones in barbera d'asti

Tinella and colli Astiani West of Nizza DOZG

138

Nizza DOCG

Previoulsy a sub zone of Barbera d'asti elevated to DOCG

139

what is the production difference between BArbera d' Asti and Nizza DOCG

Nizza nees to be 100% Barbera where BArbera 'sAsti is only 90%

140

Ruche di Castagnole Monferrato DOCG

recent 2010 DOCG centers around the tini town of Castagnole

141

Ruche di Castagnole Monferrato DOCG location

left bank near the river 7 hill top town

142

Ruche di Castagnole Monferrato DOCG production disciplinary

at least 90 % Ruche with a max of 10% Barbera or Brachetto

143

Brachetto d'Aquie DOCG

Sweet aromatic usually Typically sparkling winr based no the Brachetto grape

144

Freisa d'Asti DOC

covers teh entore province of Asti. based on the local indigenous grape Freisa

145

What are the 4 versions of Freisa

Still
Superior (one-year ageing)
Frizzant and Spumanti dry or off-dry

146

Grignolino d' asti doc

and indigenous grape appreciated by locals.

147

Grignolino d' asti doc production Disiplinary

90% Grigolino and uop to 10 % Freisa

148

Malvasia di Casorzo d'aAsti DOC

Sweet red wine based on the Malvasia Nerra di casorzo

149

Asti Docg

2 catagaries of sweet made entiarly from Moscato Bianco

150

Barbera del Monferrato Superiore DOCG and Doc

he 3rd largest producing regions whe combined for Barbera, covering most of Asti

151

what grape is planted on the best sites in Monferrato

Barbera

152

what are the blending rules for Barbera DOCG Monferrato superior

85% barbera and up to 15% Freisa and or grignolino and Dolcetto but today most tend to be 100% barbera14 months ageing and 6 months in oak.

153

where is Dolcetto di Oavada Superiore DOCG

Monfratto there is a DOCG and a DCO

154

what type of aspect and soil does Dolcetto di Oavada Superiore DOCG sit on

a set of arid hills with poor soil with layers of sand and clay

155

what is the disiplainary for Dolcetto di Oavada Superiore DOCG and the DOC

DOCG is 100% and 20 months aging the DOC allows for up to 3% other Varitles no min aging

156

Gavi or Cortese di Gavi DOCG

around the town o Gavi and the most important appelation for Cortese in Alto monfrrato runs a bit north to south and in the Monferrato region/ area. the south east corner.

157

when was the earliest dated documentation of the Gavi region

972ADD

158

who was the modern Gavi Pioneer that brought its popularity on the world map

La Scolca

159

what is the disciplinary for Gavi DOCG and the reserve

100% Cortese and most commonly still the reserve is 1 year of aging .

160

what is a large concern for growing gavi

coller years it does not ripen enough to balance out the high acidity.

161

Colli Tortonesi DOC

lies in the very southeast corner of Piedmonte in the Alto Monferrato

162

Colli Tortonesi DOC what do they grow

BArbera Dolcetto and Cortese on hills but the new star is Timorasso

163

what is the unofficial term for Timorrasso

Derthona

164

Grignolino el Monferrato DOC

90% Grignolion and up to 10% Freisa!