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Flashcards in Piedmonte Deck (74)
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1

Piedmont is Italy's second-largest Region after Sicily T/f

true

2

What leading role did piedmont play in the 19th century

a key player in the unification of the peninsula

3

T/F as of 2017 Piedmont lays claim to Italy's Largest number of DOC' and Docg's

True, Doc 42 Docg 17

4

Piedmont has the largest % of what category of wine

doc/g

5

Piedmont has a large Production of IGT wines T/F

f

6

Piedmonte is not allowed to produce IGT wine

True

7

Piedmont was the first region to highlight the importance of single-vineyard wine

true

8

red or white Ruche

red

9

red or white Grignolino

red

10

red or white Pelaverga

red

11

red or white Arnes

White

12

red or white Erbaluce

White

13

red or white Timorasso

White

14

What does Cucina Piemontese mean

Piedmontese cooking considered some of the best in Italy

15

Who were the first tribes to inhabit the Piedmonte region

Taurini and Salassi Tribes decedents of the Ligure 1K years BC

16

What was the tribs from the north that merged with the Tauurini an Salassi

The Celtic 400BC This made a strong people that took the Romans more than 100 years to conquer

17

What are the modern-day principal cities in Piedmonte and who founded them ?

The Romans the city of Ivera Asti, Alba Novara and Vercelli

18

T/F after the fall of Rome Piedonte suffered the worst economic decline

False, Piedmonts ha a sense of autonomy during the Barbarian invasions

19

Who was the first people after Rome to Conquer Piedmonte

the Lombards 6th Century.

20

Under Lumbard rule how was Piedmont Governed

Piedmont was broken into many city-states and Duchies.

21

How conquered the Lombards

Charlemagne king of the Francs.

22

How was Pidmento governed in the Holey Roman Empire

It remained quite divided, along with the Duchies, territories ruled by Marquis arrived. and city-states are known as comuni.

23

Who were some the most powerful Marquis Piedmonte and City-states

Monferrato Saluzzo an the city states of Asti and Alessandria an Navara

24

Did vitiation flourish in the middle ages

hell yess those Monks are awesome. and drunkards!!

25

In the middle ages what two cities in Piedmon grow in prestige and how

Asti was recognized for its wines Monferrato was known for wine production. Monfrreto was at the most advanced in of technology wine production and texts were made.

26

When did Piedmont start to regulate harvest and practices

middle ages. this time historic documents start to mention Native grasps such as Nebbiolo and Bianco Moscato

27

What big thing happened in 1045

The count of Savoy Oddone married Adelaide of Susa the Marquise of Torino

28

where did Emanuel move the capatil of Chambery to in

Torino in Piedmonte,

29

When dis the House of Savoy acquired the island of Sardinia

in the 18th century

30

when did the Duchy of Savoy become the Kingdom of Sardinia

After the Duchy of Savoy acquired the Island If Sardinia becoming one of the most powerful and influential kingdoms in Italy

31

Who was the kingdom of Sardiginsa prime minister and what era did he bring in

Cavour was his name and the era of the Risorgimento, the unification movement

32

when and where were two viticultural and ecological stations created

in 1872 one in Asti and one in Gattinara

33

who was the epicenter of the Italian industrial movement

Piedmont in the 19th centuries this cause problem

34

what caused many vineyards to be abandoned in the 1950/60's

pre-war depression disease in crops, and good-paying jobs in the cities. it was in the 80's

35

what 3 mountain ranges surround Piedomte

the Ligurian Apennines the Maritime Alps and the Alps

36

what is the capital city of Piedmonte

Torino

37

how is Piedmonte described topographically

having 3 consentric topigraphical rings, the external consists of the Alpine-Apennine mountains the middle band is the hilly zone that surround an internal plain

38

whats the percentage make up of Mountain Hills plains

43% Mountain 30% Hills 27% Plans

39

what is Piedmonts largest lake

Lake Maggiore and is shared with Lombardia and 2 other regions

40

why are all hillsides planted to different grasp with varying ripening times

because all sides receive decent sun exposure

41

what is the largest network of hills and what provinces are they in

Monferrato and found in Asti Alessandria

42

name other important hill clusters

Langhe Roero-(in the province of Vuneo) the hills of Novara and Vercelli (province of hte same names)

43

what percentage of Piedmonte is considered flat plains

about 27

44

Italy is the largest producer of rice in Europe

the best comes from Piedmonts flooded plains around the Po, the city of Arboro is located there

45

name a few important tributaries of the Po river

Ticno Sesena and the 2 Dora Baleta and Riparia

46

a broadly described climate for Piedmonte

contentinial

47

what areas commonly use hail cannons

Langhe and Monfarrato

48

why is rain limited in Piedmonte

rainshadow effect caused by both the Alps and the Apennines

49

what areas have the lowest average rainfall In Piedmonte

the provinces of aAsti and Alessandria

50

what grapes built piedmonts reputation

Nebbiolo Barbera and Moscato Bianco

51

what are some lesser produced red grapes that have a grand reputation

Freisa Brachetto and Grignolino, rushe Malvasa Uva Rara, Dolcetto

52

hat is the most widely planted grape in piedmont over alll

Barbera

53

what grape has 3 docg's and 4 doc dedicate to it.

Dolcetto

54

what is the second most widely planted grape in Piedmonte

Moscatto Bianco

55

wat is another few white grapes that have rebounded in piedmont

Cortese finds its in Gavi, DOCG, and Arnes and Erbaluce account for small portions.

56

what are 2 other minor white grapes of Piedmonte

Timorasso and Favorita

57

what is the french name for the Favorita

Vermentino

58

less than what % account for Piedmonts international grape plantings

less than 4%

59

Barbera

no one knows where exactly it id from, simple refreshing and fruity, loves oak

60

Dolcetto

traditional grape of Piedmonte "Little sweet one" plantings mostly in Langhe ripeness sooner and cooler higher sites. deep color fragrant grapy ripe plumb almond and licorice, typically low acid

61

Nebbiolo

considered Italy's most Nobel grape first mentioned in the 13th century (nebbia meaning fog) Challenging to grow pale ruby garnet prone to oxidation colors nose red cherry rose and Violets tar Licorice underbrush high acids tannins and alcohol

62

Nebbiolo biotypes

Lampia Michet Bolla Rose

63

Freisa

one of the Piedmontese oldest grapes was one very popular in the 16th centuries but has declined largely found near Asti Torino and Langhe, styles dry sweet still spumante frizsnti

64

Grignolino

mention in documents back to the 13th centuries believed to be native of Monferrato , high level of pips, grignole means pips. pale red almost pink delicate aromas of flowers and red berry fruit pepper and herbs. light-bodied and moderate alcohol. surprisingly high in tannins.

65

Brachetto

Aromatic red of unknown origin best as a sweet red fizzy wine. love this shit.

66

Ruche

a rare aromatic red grape most likely native to the ton of Castagnole and around Astivery perfumed and rose red fruit and spice

67

Moscato Bianco

Muscat Blanc a petite Grains most widely planted white grape. made for the world's most popular sparkling sweet wines. Moscato d'Asti orange blossom stone fruit honey musk spice

68

Cortese

one of the piedmonts' principle whit grapes Grown in the region since the early 17 century. Fresh acidity minerality and sparkling lemon zest well suited around the town of Gavi

69

Arnes

native to Roero hills cultivated since the 15th centuries Arnes means difficult personality, also referred to as Nebbolio Bianco medium, to full-bodied wines subtly perfumed and complex with aromas white flowers stone fruit and ripe pear

70

Erbaluce

native around the town of Caluso and Canavese district in northern Piedmonte. very apple for passitos but it is attracting more attention as a dry wine with refreshing acidity citrus and apple and floral notes

71

Timorasso

ancient Grape rare and high quality from the hills of Tortona in southern piedmont it is considered today one of the most distinctive grapes of piedmonte. high acidity and intense minerality with beautiful floral and citrus note with a whiff of honey despite the acid they ave a level of creaminess.

72

what production of piedmonts wine is red

more than 60%

73

what percentage of Piedmonts wine is doc or docg

almost 90%

74

Piemonte Vermouth

fortified wine flavored wiht herbs drunk as an apertif or in cocktails first the first creation of the Martini and Negroni was in Torino in 1786