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Praxis one > Foundations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Foundations Deck (94):
1

haemotoma

bruising

2

cardiology

study of the heart

3

flexion

shortening angle in the arm

4

extension

extending angle in the arm

5

abduction

moving away from the mid line

6

adduction

moving towards the mid line

7

circumduction

making circles with a limb

8

ligaments

connecting bone to bone

9

tentons

connecting bone to tissue

10

joint cavity

space that is hollow can be filled with synovial fluid if is a synovial joint (connecting joint to a capsule

11

articular cartilage

covers the end of the bone, cushions for protection.

12

innate immunity

coming in contact with a pathogen naturally, something that you are born with or get immunity with out injection

13

adaptive

vaccination or from coming in contact with the pathogen

14

contract

exposed to a disease

15

extensibility

something to do with a muscle

16

excitability

something to do with a muscle

17

neuron

nerve cell

18

moto neuro

part of the pathway for a neuron (nerve cell))

19

ATP

energy

20

CT

Protection for muscle cells

21

Synapses

the fluid in-between cell

22

Neurotransmitters

chemicals that travel messages from cell to cells (postsynaptic & presynaptic)

23

Postsynaptic

Cell that is receiving message from the neurotransmitter

24

presynaptic

the cell that is send the message into the synapse

25

acetylchoine

the neurotransmitters for the skeletal muscles responsible for muscle movement of contracting

26

atrophy

the loss of muscle

27

tropomyosin & troponin

proteins in the skeletal muscle

28

involuntary movement

not controlled just happens like heart beat

29

voluntary movement

controlled - like movement

30

polarity

Resting state - slightly positive (think of the graph example (looks like a hill))

31

Depolarisation

Going from resting state and change gets more positive. Involving ICF going from negative to positive charge.

32

Repolarisation

positive charge starts to drop returning back to polarity

33

active transport

involves enerygy

34

varicella

chickenpox virus

35

Process of disease and meaning

Incubation - first came in contact with he pathogen, no symptoms

Prodromal - started showing sign.

illness - all symptoms and signs, not well.

convalescence - started getting better, signs and symptoms are going.

36

difference between subjective and objective data

subjective - data that the subject is giving you

objective data- data we can see and judge

37

viscera

hollow organs, stomach, heart, intestines

38

hypothermia

lose of heat

39

hyperthermia

to hot

40

frebrile

showing symptoms fever

41

afrebrile

showing no symptoms of a fever

42

pyrexia

raising body temperature

43

tympanic

taking temperature through the ear

44

diaphoresis

sweating

45

thermoregulation

maintaining a core temperature

46

adolescent

teenager

47

apical

front of teeth/ tip of tongue

48

tachycardia

fast heat beat - over normal bpm

49

bradycardia

slow heat rate - under normal bpm

50

dysrythmia

abnormal heart rhythm

51

diffusion

the movement of molecules from a high concentration to a low concentration

52

osmosis

movement of water from a low contrition to a low concentration

53

ventilation

change of air through the body and outside the body

54

perfusion

movement of fluid through to tissue and organs

55

confection

heat transfer of bulk mu

56

conduction

intramolecular killogens

57

apneoa

deep heavy breathing

58

dyspoea

difficultly breathing

59

orthnopea

shortness of breath

60

palpate

examining by touch

61

cardiac output

the amount of blood is pumping from the heart per min

62

peripheral vascular resistance

resisting blood flow through vessels

63

blood viscosity

thickness of blood

64

systolic

blood flow of vessels under pressure

65

diastolic

blood flow when vessels are relaxed

66

hypertension

high blood pressure

67

hypotonic

low blood pressure

68

alkaline

base pH 14

69

Anatomical position

assessment view - face forward, palms forward, toes forward

70

superior

towards the head

71

inferior

towards the feet

72

anterior

front of body

73

posterior

back of body

74

medial

midline

75

lateral

away from midline

76

superficial

surface

77

deep

inside

78

proximal

something is closer to something when compared to something else

79

distal

something is further away to something when compared with something

80

supine

lying face up

81

prone

lying face down

82

another name for the neck region

cervical

83

another name for the trunk of the body

torso

84

umbillical

bellybutton

85

brachial

upper limb

86

calcaneal

lower limb

87

thoracic cavity

lungs, heart

88

abdomino pelvic cavity

liver, pelvis, reproduction system

89

visceral layer

attaches to the organs

90

G.A.L.S

gait, arms , legs, spine

91

patictal layer

attaches to the cavity wall

92

physiological is?

functions of the body

93

anatomy is?

the structure of the body

94

homeostasis

changes the functions of the body to keep them at a set point