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Flashcards in Infection Deck (51):
1

Autoimmunity

When the body starts attacking itself

2

Suceptiable

Can get a disease

3

Antigen

Stimulates the immune system into action

4

Antibodies

proteins that kill pathogens

5

Phagocytes

Ingest Pathogens

6

Chemotaxis

Leukocytes travel to a specific area

7

Diapedesis

Moves from intravascular to interstitial compartments

8

Interstitial compartments

Found around the tissue

9

Leukocytes

White blood cells

10

Monocytes

Cells of the immune system

11

Granulocytes

WBC

12

lymphocytes

in bone marrow B & T Cells

13

NK Cells

Natural Killer Cells

14

Lysozyme

Saliva Cells

15

Odema

Swelling

16

Pyrexia

Fever

17

O.T.C

over the counter

18

Buccal

Cheek

19

Subuccal

under the tongue

20

Toxic

To much meds harmful to the body

21

Panadol

same name as paracetamol

22

generic name

name given by the drug company

23

trade name

name given by the seller

24

"form "of medication

oral, strip, injection, topical (cream), rectal

25

absorption - administration - distribution - metabolism - excretion

Travelling form to blood stream
how it is taken aka mouth (orally)
travelling where it needs to go
breaking it down into a lesser state
leaving through the kidneys

26

mode of action

way it works

27

therapeutic effect is the?

desired effect

28

side effect

manageable and expected effect depend on individual

29

adverse effect

random factor that effects the drug from work correctly

30

contraindication

people who should take the drug (asthma)

31

Histamine (mast cells)

increases blood flow changing capillaries

32

Prostaglandins

Cells that also produce histamines - acts on pain or swelling

33

N.S.A.I.D

Non.steroidal.anti.inflammatory.drug

34

the chain of infection

Infectious agent (pathogen)
Reservoir (source)
Portal of exit (out of the reservoir)
Mode of transmission of the pathogen
A portal of entry that is receptive to the pathogen
A susceptible host
irptes

35

pathogenicity

development of a disease

36

pandemic

globally

37

epidemic

smaller area, groups

38

toxin

harmful to the body / poisonous subject

39

pathogen

foreign to the body - virus / disease

40

virulence

ability to get a disease

41

asepsis

absence of bacteria

42

colonisation

gathering of bacteria

43

disinfection

kills bacteria

44

gastrointestinal tract
where is it found?
what is it normal flora called?

intertines and stomach
e-coli

45

genitourinary tract
where is it found?
what is it normal flora called?

bladder, kidneys, urethra
lacto - bacili

46

respiratory tract
where is it found?
what is it normal flora called?

throat and mouth
stepthococcus
staphlycoccus

47

the skin
where is it found?
what is it normal flora called?

sweat glands and hair follicles
staph auveus

48

nervous system function

regulates automatic function

49

endocrine

produces hormones

50

integumentary

touch temperature, pain

51

lymphatic

tonsils, defends agains infections