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Praxis one > Protection > Flashcards

Flashcards in Protection Deck (30):
1

where can Colour change occur?

lips, mucous membrane, mouth, earlobes, nails

2

Erythema is?

redness

3

Pallor is?

whiteness

4

Cyanosis is?

blueish

5

Jaundice is?

yellow

6

Brownish is?

brown

7

Odessa is?

swelling in the tissue

8

Exudate is?

fluid leaking out of a lesion

9

Turgor is?

elasticity of tissue / pinch test

10

7 characteristics of decriping a lesions =

Location & Distribution: generalised, or in a specific area?
 
Colour: What is the colour? Has there been a change?
 
Pattern: cluster, line
 
Elevation: Raised? Flat? sunken?
 
Size/shape: may need to measure, has there been a change in size?
 
Edges: regular? Irregular?
 
Characteristics: hard, soft, fluid filled, exudate? Odour?

11

cutaneous membrane


Another name for skin

12

3 principles of skin assessment

prepare environment, gather relavant information, observe and feel the skin

13

sebum

oily type of gland, water repellant, incerease in puperty for acne

14

sweat glands types

Eccrine glands found in abundance. Produce & secrete sweat which has 2 functions… to act as an antibacterial & to lower body temperature &&& .Apocrine are found in lesser numbers, with the majority found in axilla & genital areas. Do not begin functioning until puberty. In comparison, aprocrine glands are not regulators of temperature, instead the produce odour (caused by bacterial growth)

15

clubbing means

when rounding of the nails happens to older adult mainly

16

what is melanin main role

skin and hair colour
- Fuction= protects again uv rays
- Location = epidermins

17

fibroblast

Produce collage, active during wound healing like stretch marks , hydrates the skin, macrophages also found in the dermis

18

-arrector pili muscle

goose bumps, hairs standing up on your skin

19

difference between the papillry layer and reticular layer

= p disease of skin, outer layer, collagen & elastin fibers. R tough collagen fibres, elastic, arrector pilli, dense, deep layer.

20

Layers of the dermis

papillary layer & reticular layer

21

CT stands for and what is its function

= connective tissue =the added strength of the skin

22

Dendritic

Activates the immune system as APC . Begin life in bone marrow & originates to the skin

23

melanocytes

Compose of approx. 5% of the total cells. Gives our skin a coloured pigmentation. Shields the skin from UV radiation

24

keratinocytes is

Account for 90% of total cells. Are pushed towards the corneum/outer layer and shed. Produce keratin – a tough fibrous protein – that forms the outer structure of the skin

25

structure of the epidermis

5 layers, contains various cell mebranes, no nerves, no glands, covered in normal flora, protective barrier, the bottom layer is a basement membrane
-continuous replacement of cells

26

Hypodermis is made up of what tissue

adipose,fatty

27

dermis is made up of what tissue

connective tissue

28

epidermis is made u of what tissue

epithelial tissue

29

List the order of the skin from surface - deep

epidermis , dermis, hypodermis

30

Lots on sensor receptors

it feels heat and pain