Flashcards in Protection Deck (30):
where can Colour change occur?
lips, mucous membrane, mouth, earlobes, nails
swelling in the tissue
fluid leaking out of a lesion
elasticity of tissue / pinch test
7 characteristics of decriping a lesions =
Location & Distribution: generalised, or in a specific area?
Colour: What is the colour? Has there been a change?
Pattern: cluster, line
Elevation: Raised? Flat? sunken?
Size/shape: may need to measure, has there been a change in size?
Edges: regular? Irregular?
Characteristics: hard, soft, fluid filled, exudate? Odour?
Another name for skin
3 principles of skin assessment
prepare environment, gather relavant information, observe and feel the skin
oily type of gland, water repellant, incerease in puperty for acne
sweat glands types
Eccrine glands found in abundance. Produce & secrete sweat which has 2 functions… to act as an antibacterial & to lower body temperature &&& .Apocrine are found in lesser numbers, with the majority found in axilla & genital areas. Do not begin functioning until puberty. In comparison, aprocrine glands are not regulators of temperature, instead the produce odour (caused by bacterial growth)
when rounding of the nails happens to older adult mainly
what is melanin main role
skin and hair colour
- Fuction= protects again uv rays
- Location = epidermins
Produce collage, active during wound healing like stretch marks , hydrates the skin, macrophages also found in the dermis
-arrector pili muscle
goose bumps, hairs standing up on your skin
difference between the papillry layer and reticular layer
= p disease of skin, outer layer, collagen & elastin fibers. R tough collagen fibres, elastic, arrector pilli, dense, deep layer.
Layers of the dermis
papillary layer & reticular layer
CT stands for and what is its function
= connective tissue =the added strength of the skin
Activates the immune system as APC . Begin life in bone marrow & originates to the skin
Compose of approx. 5% of the total cells. Gives our skin a coloured pigmentation. Shields the skin from UV radiation
Account for 90% of total cells. Are pushed towards the corneum/outer layer and shed. Produce keratin – a tough fibrous protein – that forms the outer structure of the skin
structure of the epidermis
5 layers, contains various cell mebranes, no nerves, no glands, covered in normal flora, protective barrier, the bottom layer is a basement membrane
-continuous replacement of cells
Hypodermis is made up of what tissue
dermis is made up of what tissue
epidermis is made u of what tissue
List the order of the skin from surface - deep
epidermis , dermis, hypodermis