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Flashcards in Foundations Unit Deck (52):
1

What were the Spanish up to before the French Indian war, what ere their influences

Claimed much of the southwest, wanted to spread Catholicism, they reintroduced horsemanship, gave Spanish names to states.

2

What were the British up to before the French Indian war, what were their contributions

Claimed the colonies and said area. Requires ship captains to be 3/4 English, King James 2 consolidated the northern colonies to the English

3

Native American influences

Taught settlers about farming and surviving in the new area. Benefited from the new tech of the settlers, had crops which were alter used as exports.

4

Theocracy

A system of government where priests rule in place of a god

5

Separation of church and state.

The main campaign pushed by Rodger Williams, in which he argues that church and state should rule separately and have different powers

6

Cruel and unusual punishment

Ways of punishing someone for a crime. This is usually attributed to the Salem witch trials. In which they did several unfair punishments.

7

Puritans

One of the first American colonists established by William Bradford, wanted America to be a place for religious freedom

8

William penn and the Quakers

This was a group who were some of the first settlers in America. They promoted religious freedom they settled in Pennsylvania

9

Dutch East Indian company

This was a British trade company, that was the first one that took to a global scale.

10

New Netherlands

This is the part of colonial America created by the Dutch. It was originally located in what is now new ampsterdam

11

Mercantilism

The belief that if the mother country has gold and stuff, they need to export more than they import to increase profit

12

Elite consumption and consumer culture

The idea that we always need more and more and more and better

13

Indentured servants

People who would work with the promise to be free once they payed off whatever they had to pay off

14

Squatters

one who farms a piece of Land however does not own it.

15

Jamestown Virginia

The first official English settlement. In America

16

Proprietary colony

A colony, especial in the north where all the land belonged to the king.

17

Debtor colony

Georgia, aka a colony created entirely for debtors

18

Geography of the 3 colonial regions

New England:mountains, trees, rivers, bad farming
Middle colonies: a mix of up and down
Southern: hilly costal plains with forrests

19

Describe the economy of the 3 colonial regions.

New England: shipping and fishing
Middle: farming and commerce
Southern: based off of staple crops and exports

20

Describe how the concepts of protect against cruel and unusual punishment, trial by jury, and the separation between church and state resulted from events like the Salem Witch Trials.

During the Salem witch trials people accused one another of being a witch for no reason. They punished eachother in weird and unusual ways this was eventually found out and were prevented

21

Discuss why the Middle Colonies were considered the beginning of America being the “melting pot”?

These colonies had the most diverse influences and were incredibly diverse, both ethically and religiously, due to there english Dutch and French influences

22

Discuss the American views evident in the beliefs of William Penn and the Quakers.

They believed in religious freedom and worshiping however you choose. They were pacifists and could not fight

23

• Why did New York need to offer religious freedom and representative governments?

Multiple religions from multiple countries. Different beliefs that mixed, Quakers believed in supporting others

24

• Discuss the concept of “mercantilism” and how it was the basis of the European colonial push during the 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries.

England needed to export more than they imported to profit, so they had colonies send them raw materials in exchanged for manufactured goods

25

• Explain what is meant by American feudalism found in the Southern Colonies.

The southern colonies used indentured servants to supply there feudalism. They were given land in order for military service

26

• How did American feudalism lead to poor whites, squatters, and the absence of government?

Ask

27

Fort Duquesne

A British attack on a French fort. George Washington loses when trying tot take it

28

Sir William Pitt

A man who helped lead Brittany to victory during the seven years war. He reforms the British soldiers

29

George Washington

A general of Americas army, he led it to several victories and was eventually declared president

30

Peace settlement of 1763

The agreement that formally ended the French Indian war

31

Acadiuns

Defendants of the 17th century French colonists who settled in Acadia

32

Proclamation of 1763

Haunted British expansion westward

33

2 causes of the French Indian war.

1740 Nova Scotia (Provence established by French)
British colonists and the Iroquois
The French, Hurons, and fort Duquesne

34

• How did the actions of the British after the French Indian War upset the American colonists?

They began placing a bunch of redonculouse restrictions on the Americans. Which led to them wanting independence.

35

Sugar act

Import tax on sugar, textiles and stuff,
British wanted to gain money back for the war

36

Quartering act

Required all colonists to house a British soldier and feed him and give him money

37

Stamp act

All printed materials are taxed, first tax payed directly to England

38

Stamp act congress

The first organized colonial group to protest an British act

39

Stamp act protest

Colonists pledged never to buy taxed material until it was repealed... so this made the tax useless.

40

Repeal of stamp act

After 4 months of protest Britain repealed the act p and replaced it with the eh town shed reavinue act

41

Town shed revinue act

British offset the cost of administering and protecting colonies. Taxed more stuff

42

Boston massacre

British soldiers fire into a mob killing 5 people

43

Boston tea party

Colonists dress as Indians and throw tea off of a boat

44

Intolerable acts

Shut down all shipping to America until they payed a tea tax,a mc also ended all, self rule for the colonists

45

Patriots

Those in favor of the revolution

46

Loyalists

Those on the side of the King

47

Common sense

Something most people lack... Jk, it was a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine they talked about all of the bad stuff the king did. It persuaded many a people to be patriots

48

Second continental congress

A group of delegates from, each colony that met to discuss independence

49

Thomas Jefferson

A political leader, he wrote the Declaration of Independence.

50

John Adams

The second president of America. He originally opposed the Declaration of Independence

51

Olive branch petition

The first attempt God the continental congress to avoid full on war with Brittanica. The king turned it down

52

What were the French up to before the French Indian war, what

Indians helped with French fur trade, wanted to spread Christianity, had good interactions with the Indians, claimed Mississippi