Flashcards in Foundations Unit Deck (52):
What were the Spanish up to before the French Indian war, what ere their influences
Claimed much of the southwest, wanted to spread Catholicism, they reintroduced horsemanship, gave Spanish names to states.
What were the British up to before the French Indian war, what were their contributions
Claimed the colonies and said area. Requires ship captains to be 3/4 English, King James 2 consolidated the northern colonies to the English
Native American influences
Taught settlers about farming and surviving in the new area. Benefited from the new tech of the settlers, had crops which were alter used as exports.
A system of government where priests rule in place of a god
Separation of church and state.
The main campaign pushed by Rodger Williams, in which he argues that church and state should rule separately and have different powers
Cruel and unusual punishment
Ways of punishing someone for a crime. This is usually attributed to the Salem witch trials. In which they did several unfair punishments.
One of the first American colonists established by William Bradford, wanted America to be a place for religious freedom
William penn and the Quakers
This was a group who were some of the first settlers in America. They promoted religious freedom they settled in Pennsylvania
Dutch East Indian company
This was a British trade company, that was the first one that took to a global scale.
This is the part of colonial America created by the Dutch. It was originally located in what is now new ampsterdam
The belief that if the mother country has gold and stuff, they need to export more than they import to increase profit
Elite consumption and consumer culture
The idea that we always need more and more and more and better
People who would work with the promise to be free once they payed off whatever they had to pay off
one who farms a piece of Land however does not own it.
The first official English settlement. In America
A colony, especial in the north where all the land belonged to the king.
Georgia, aka a colony created entirely for debtors
Geography of the 3 colonial regions
New England:mountains, trees, rivers, bad farming
Middle colonies: a mix of up and down
Southern: hilly costal plains with forrests
Describe the economy of the 3 colonial regions.
New England: shipping and fishing
Middle: farming and commerce
Southern: based off of staple crops and exports
Describe how the concepts of protect against cruel and unusual punishment, trial by jury, and the separation between church and state resulted from events like the Salem Witch Trials.
During the Salem witch trials people accused one another of being a witch for no reason. They punished eachother in weird and unusual ways this was eventually found out and were prevented
Discuss why the Middle Colonies were considered the beginning of America being the “melting pot”?
These colonies had the most diverse influences and were incredibly diverse, both ethically and religiously, due to there english Dutch and French influences
Discuss the American views evident in the beliefs of William Penn and the Quakers.
They believed in religious freedom and worshiping however you choose. They were pacifists and could not fight
• Why did New York need to offer religious freedom and representative governments?
Multiple religions from multiple countries. Different beliefs that mixed, Quakers believed in supporting others
• Discuss the concept of “mercantilism” and how it was the basis of the European colonial push during the 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries.
England needed to export more than they imported to profit, so they had colonies send them raw materials in exchanged for manufactured goods
• Explain what is meant by American feudalism found in the Southern Colonies.
The southern colonies used indentured servants to supply there feudalism. They were given land in order for military service
• How did American feudalism lead to poor whites, squatters, and the absence of government?
A British attack on a French fort. George Washington loses when trying tot take it
Sir William Pitt
A man who helped lead Brittany to victory during the seven years war. He reforms the British soldiers
A general of Americas army, he led it to several victories and was eventually declared president
Peace settlement of 1763
The agreement that formally ended the French Indian war
Defendants of the 17th century French colonists who settled in Acadia
Proclamation of 1763
Haunted British expansion westward
2 causes of the French Indian war.
1740 Nova Scotia (Provence established by French)
British colonists and the Iroquois
The French, Hurons, and fort Duquesne
• How did the actions of the British after the French Indian War upset the American colonists?
They began placing a bunch of redonculouse restrictions on the Americans. Which led to them wanting independence.
Import tax on sugar, textiles and stuff,
British wanted to gain money back for the war
Required all colonists to house a British soldier and feed him and give him money
All printed materials are taxed, first tax payed directly to England
Stamp act congress
The first organized colonial group to protest an British act
Stamp act protest
Colonists pledged never to buy taxed material until it was repealed... so this made the tax useless.
Repeal of stamp act
After 4 months of protest Britain repealed the act p and replaced it with the eh town shed reavinue act
Town shed revinue act
British offset the cost of administering and protecting colonies. Taxed more stuff
British soldiers fire into a mob killing 5 people
Boston tea party
Colonists dress as Indians and throw tea off of a boat
Shut down all shipping to America until they payed a tea tax,a mc also ended all, self rule for the colonists
Those in favor of the revolution
Those on the side of the King
Something most people lack... Jk, it was a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine they talked about all of the bad stuff the king did. It persuaded many a people to be patriots
Second continental congress
A group of delegates from, each colony that met to discuss independence
A political leader, he wrote the Declaration of Independence.
The second president of America. He originally opposed the Declaration of Independence
Olive branch petition
The first attempt God the continental congress to avoid full on war with Brittanica. The king turned it down