Flashcards in Unit 2 Guided Questions Deck (15):
John c Calhoun
Calhoun was jacksons Vice President. He was very opposed to the tariffs. He devised a nullification theory, which basically questioned the legality of applying some federal laws in sovereign states. Calhoun’s argument was that the United States Constitution was based on a compact among the sovereign states. If the Constitution had been established by 13 sovereign states, he reasoned, then each had the right to nullify, or reject, a federal law that it considered unconstitutional.
Martin van buren
Martin van buren was the president who followed after Jackson. He would've been considered good if he had not inherited all of the economic problems created by Jackson. He failed as a president because he had 2 major economic crashed during his term.
William Henry Harrison
WHH was a Whig who ran against Van buren for the presidency. He was a rich kid who portrayed himself as a war hero and a leader of the people. He won almost instantly, he began to inact his Whig ideology, however he died from pneumonia after 6 months, giving rise to "his accadency" John Tyler. (Not John cena)
What was Andrew jacksons position on the nullification theory How did he defend this.
Jackson did not respond kindly to the nullification theory. In fact, he stated that any state which does not follow the laws of the country would, be retreated as treason. He would, send in the army.
What was Jackson's position on the national bank? How did he respond to this?
Jackson was against the idea of the national bank. The leader of it was corrupt, and the bank itself was becoming too powerful and risky. Jackson attacked the bank in several ways such as putting all of the federal funds into "pet banks" rather than the bank. He destroyed the bank in the end, but he put the country into debt by doing so.
What did the Whig party stand for, and why was it a good time for their formation?
The Whig party stood for the exact opposite beliefs of Jackson. They thought he was dangerous for the country. They supported the supremacy of the congress over the executive branch. Their formation came at a good time because Jackson was in the middle of dealing with problems and wasn't looking to good
Why was the Missouri compromise necessary, and what did it accomplish?
The Missouri compromise was necessary because it practically postponed the beginning of the war against slavery. If Missouri hadn't been admitted as a slave state, the balance would've been upset, and this could have led to war because it upset so many people. The Missouri compromise decided that slavery would be legal after passing the north parallel. The affected the government because now congress was not allowed to ban slavery in a slave state. It undermined their power
How did the Monroe doctrine promote nationalism?
The Monroe doctrine told the world to stay out of the affairs of the Americas. This made America appear to be a super strong country even though it had just formed. This gave the people within it a sense of pride. It also improved industry by warning the other countries.
How did the Missouri compromise promote nationalism
Maine was admitted as a free state and Missouri as a slave state, this preserved the union... Without preserving the union, there is no country... It pretty much as national as you can get.
Why was Jacksons presidency considered a new era in politics?
Unlike all other presidents Jackson did not have his roots in European aristocracy, he was a common man, from a common background, who was elected by common people. He acted like he was one of the people. He also changed the role of how the branches weighed themselves in comparison of power. By using the veto as a weapon, he obtained power over the other branches.
The assimilation policy summary 1868-1887
Ulysses S. Grant Issued a "peace policy" to stop the violence between the native and the Americans.
This policy would forcefully relocate the natives from their ancestral land to a place assigned to them.
Many tribes ignored the forced relocation and the U.S. Army was called in to help.
Over all Ulysses' policy was regarded as a failure because it ended up causing more battles than stopping them…
Individualized reservations summary 1887-1934
In 1887 the Dawes Act stopped the granting of land to tribes as a whole.
This completely flipped the way reservations were established.
Because of this, land was granted to individual tribe members.
This usually resulted in the reduction of the size of the Native American reservations.
The Indian new deal 1934-present
The "Indian New Deal" was an act passed by congress which for the most part restored reservations to what they were supposed to be.
The act slowed the assignment of tribal lands to indeviduals.
For the next 20 years the government invested a large sum of money into the healthcare and state of the natives in the reservation.
The government also sought to end their responsibility and involvement with the natives with the withdrawal program.
This program would also work to assimilate the Indians.
Daniel Webster was a state congressman and also held a position in the senate. He is most famous for defending the state rights of a tariff against Hayne. He was successful in his convincing of Jackson because hew as a great orator.