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Flashcards in Franks Deck (41)
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1

What 2 factors mark the Franks out, compared to the other post-Romanic kingdoms?

1. Least Roman of all
2. Were not refugees, probably natives

2

Who was the first king of France, and when did he rule?

Clovis, 509-511

3

Where was Clovis' capital?

Tournai, Belgium

4

Who was Clovis' father?

Childeric

5

When was Clovis baptised?

496

6

Which Germanic kingdom did Clovis conquer?

Thuringia

7

Which Merovingian king ruled 629-639?

Dagobert I

8

Where did Dagobert I conquer?

Frisia

9

Which 3 groups did Dagobert I have contact with?

1. Germanic Saxons
2. Anglo Saxons
3. Slavs

10

Which group did Dagobert fail to conquer? What happened instead

Saxons; he forced them into submission

11

Describe the extent of Frankish territory at the end of Merovingian rule

France, Belgium, Holland, Germany to Bohemia, Switzerland

12

Where was Austrasia?

East Frankia, up to the Mosel

13

Where was Neustria?

West Frankia, up to the Mosel

14

Where was Merovingian Burgundy?

Central and Southern Frankia

15

What position did the Pepinid dynasty traditionally hold?

Maiordomus

16

Explain the etymology of Charles

Germanic; linked to jarl, ceorl, earl

17

Whom did the Pope call "regulus"? What does that term mean?

Charles Martel, little king

18

Who fought the Umayyads at Tours, and in which year?

Charles Martel, 732

19

Who crowned Pepin the Short? What was special about this?

Pope Stephen; first papal trip north of the Alps

20

How did Pepin the Short come to power?

Peacefully, with popular support and papal approval

21

When did Charlemagne rule?

768-814

22

Where was Charlemagne's capital?

Aachen

23

Who crowned Charlemagne? When and where?

Pope Leo II, Rome, Christmas day 800

24

Who did Charlemagne's Papal alliance help?

Both parties:
Pope needed military backing
Charlemagne needed prestige

25

Which ancestor of Charlemagne had previously tried to seize power, and when?

Grimoald, late 600s

26

What relationship with education did Charlemagne have? 3 things

1. Tried to read and write
2. Revived latin
3. Monks copied classical texts

27

Which three Roman authors survive thanks to Charlemagne?

Tacitus, Livy, Cicero

28

Where was learning centred?

Monasteries

29

What three forms of prestige did Charlemagne take advantage of?

Military, religious and Roman

30

Which five areas/peoples did Charlemage conquer?

1. Lombards
2. Avars
3. Bavarians
4. Saxons
5. Barcelona

31

How did Charlemagne intend to split his realm?

1. North to Charles
2. Lombardy & Bavaria to Pepin
3. Aquitaine to Louis

32

What three consequences of hereditary rule appeared?

1. more castles
2. start of siege warfare
3. less royal power

33

Which 3 raiders took advantage of internal problems?

1. Vikings
2. Hungarians
3. North Africans

34

What 2 internal problems caused crisis in late Frankia?

Size & diversity

35

Who succeeded Charlemagne, and when did he rule?

Louis the Pious, 814-840

36

What hampered Louis the Pious' succession?

He had sons from two wives

37

When was the Treaty of Verdun signed?

843

38

What did the Treaty of Verdun dictate?

Splitting of the kingdom:
1. Charles the Bald gains the West
2. Louis the German gains the East
3. Lothair gains the middle

39

When did the Carolingian dynasty come to an end?

987

40

Which dynasty succeeded the Carolingian dynasty?

Capetians

41

Why was Lotharingia a failure?

No natural or historical basis