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Flashcards in China Deck (36)
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1

When did the Shang dynasty rule?

End of 2nd millenium BC

2

Where were the Shang dynasty based?

Wei river valley, north central China

3

When did the Zhou dynasty rule?

1000BC-250BC

4

What three things mark out the Zhou dynasty?

1. longest dynasty in Chinese history
2. introduction of iron
3. evolution of writing

5

When did Confucianism and Taoism spread?

After the period of the Warring Dynasties?

6

Which dynasty founded the first Chinese empire?

Qin

7

When did Qin Shi Huang Ti rule?

221-210 BC

8

Who was the most prominent Qin dynasty ruler?

Qin Shi Huang Ti

9

What was Qin Shi Huang Ti buried with?

Terracota army

10

Who built the Terracota Army?

Qin Shi Huang Ti

11

When did the Han dynasty rule? Who were they conemporaneous with?

2nd c BC- 2nd c AD, Roman empire

12

Who started the Great Wall of China?

Han dynasty

13

What 2 factors caused the demise of the Han dynasty?

1. threatening Hun
2. invaders from the west

14

When was the period of the Six Kingdoms?

2nd c AD- 589

15

When did the Sui dynasty rule?

589-618

16

Where was the Sui capital?

Chang'an, on the Wei river

17

What did the Sui dynasty build?

Grand Canal

18

How long is the Grand Canal?

1,776km

19

What does the Grand Canal connect?

Yellow and Yangtze rivers

20

What two products proliferated due to the Grand Canal? What was used for the first time to pay for them?

Rice and tea. Paper money

21

Which region of China most benefited from the Grand Canal?

South China

22

Which region of China did the Sui dynasty conquer? What effect did this have?

The north; united China

23

When did the Tang dynasty rule?

618-906

24

What was the Tang capital called, and what supplied it? How big was it?

Chang'an, the Grand Canal. 10 sq km

25

Name the first four Tang emperors

1. Gaozu
2. Taizong
3. Gaozong
4. Wu Ze Tian

26

What marks Wu Ze Tian out?

First female emperor; she was not an empress

27

What two factors allowed expansion through the Gobi desert?

1. proliferation of horses
2. Silk Road

28

What three cities in Central Asia did the Tangs reach?

1. Tashkent
2. Samarkand
3. Bukhara

29

What stopped Tang expansion westwards?

Battle of Talas, 752

30

Who was the Battle of Talas between, and what year was it fought?

Abbasids and Tang dynasty, 752

31

What consequence for Western culture did the Battle of Talas have?

Chinese prisoners brought paper to Baghdad

32

What did north China eat? What did south China eat?

Noodles; rice

33

Who translated the Buddhist texts from the Sanskrit? When did he live?

Faxian, 337-422

34

What route did Faxian take?

Anti-clockwise around the Himalayas

35

Who is the Buddhist equivalent of St Jerome?

Faxian

36

Which form of Buddhism spread under the Tang dynasty?

Chan (zen)