Flashcards in China Deck (36)
When did the Shang dynasty rule?
End of 2nd millenium BC
Where were the Shang dynasty based?
Wei river valley, north central China
When did the Zhou dynasty rule?
What three things mark out the Zhou dynasty?
1. longest dynasty in Chinese history
2. introduction of iron
3. evolution of writing
When did Confucianism and Taoism spread?
After the period of the Warring Dynasties?
Which dynasty founded the first Chinese empire?
When did Qin Shi Huang Ti rule?
Who was the most prominent Qin dynasty ruler?
Qin Shi Huang Ti
What was Qin Shi Huang Ti buried with?
Who built the Terracota Army?
Qin Shi Huang Ti
When did the Han dynasty rule? Who were they conemporaneous with?
2nd c BC- 2nd c AD, Roman empire
Who started the Great Wall of China?
What 2 factors caused the demise of the Han dynasty?
1. threatening Hun
2. invaders from the west
When was the period of the Six Kingdoms?
2nd c AD- 589
When did the Sui dynasty rule?
Where was the Sui capital?
Chang'an, on the Wei river
What did the Sui dynasty build?
How long is the Grand Canal?
What does the Grand Canal connect?
Yellow and Yangtze rivers
What two products proliferated due to the Grand Canal? What was used for the first time to pay for them?
Rice and tea. Paper money
Which region of China most benefited from the Grand Canal?
Which region of China did the Sui dynasty conquer? What effect did this have?
The north; united China
When did the Tang dynasty rule?
What was the Tang capital called, and what supplied it? How big was it?
Chang'an, the Grand Canal. 10 sq km
Name the first four Tang emperors
4. Wu Ze Tian
What marks Wu Ze Tian out?
First female emperor; she was not an empress
What two factors allowed expansion through the Gobi desert?
1. proliferation of horses
2. Silk Road
What three cities in Central Asia did the Tangs reach?
What stopped Tang expansion westwards?
Battle of Talas, 752
Who was the Battle of Talas between, and what year was it fought?
Abbasids and Tang dynasty, 752
What consequence for Western culture did the Battle of Talas have?
Chinese prisoners brought paper to Baghdad
What did north China eat? What did south China eat?
Who translated the Buddhist texts from the Sanskrit? When did he live?
What route did Faxian take?
Anti-clockwise around the Himalayas
Who is the Buddhist equivalent of St Jerome?