Flashcards in Free WIll #2 Deck (6)
What is the central issue that was discussed in class for the topic of free will?
Do we sometimes act freely?
What are the phenomena relevant to this issue that need to be explained?
1. The appearance of deliberation, decision, and choice
2. Effort, focus, and gravity
3. Resistance to temptation
List and briefly describe the 3 theories that were discussed in class and provide an account of the phenomena , stating the position each takes on the central issue as well as the key propositions the theory endorses.
~Every events is caused by prior events
~Human actions are caused by prior events
~no human actions are free
~EX: Mark punches Jacob because Jacob called him a name. Jacob then punches Mark because Mark just punched him in the face.
~humans have free will
~no actions is free if it must occur
~EX: I don't WANT to do my homework but I deliberately make a choice to do it every day
~some events are not caused by prior events
~endorses the theory of agency
~human actions are caused by prior events
~an action is free if it is not constrained by external factors
~EX: Mark's mother is not home (she is the external factor), so he colors all over the walls because he wants to.
~some actions are free
~compatabilists argue for both determinism and their version of free will
Present an argument for one of the theories (stating which theory it is an argument for).
~argument: Every event is caused by prior events > human actions are events > therefore, human actions are caused by prior events.
Present and argument or one of the 3 theories (stating which theory it is an argument for). #2
~argument: an action is free if it is not constrained by external factors > some human actions are not constrained by external factors > therefore, some human actions are free.