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Flashcards in Free WIll #2 Deck (6)
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1

What is the central issue that was discussed in class for the topic of free will?

Do we sometimes act freely?

2

What are the phenomena relevant to this issue that need to be explained?

1. The appearance of deliberation, decision, and choice
2. Effort, focus, and gravity
3. Resistance to temptation

3

List and briefly describe the 3 theories that were discussed in class and provide an account of the phenomena , stating the position each takes on the central issue as well as the key propositions the theory endorses.

1. DETERMINISM
~Every events is caused by prior events
~Human actions are caused by prior events
~no human actions are free
~EX: Mark punches Jacob because Jacob called him a name. Jacob then punches Mark because Mark just punched him in the face.
2. LIBERTARIANISM
~humans have free will
~no actions is free if it must occur
~EX: I don't WANT to do my homework but I deliberately make a choice to do it every day
~some events are not caused by prior events
~endorses the theory of agency
3. COMPATIBILISM
~human actions are caused by prior events
~an action is free if it is not constrained by external factors
~EX: Mark's mother is not home (she is the external factor), so he colors all over the walls because he wants to.
~some actions are free
~compatabilists argue for both determinism and their version of free will

4

Present an argument for one of the theories (stating which theory it is an argument for).

DETERMINISM
~argument: Every event is caused by prior events > human actions are events > therefore, human actions are caused by prior events.

5

Present and argument or one of the 3 theories (stating which theory it is an argument for). #2

COMPATIBILISM
~argument: an action is free if it is not constrained by external factors > some human actions are not constrained by external factors > therefore, some human actions are free.

6

Explain the Thesis of Simple Indeterminism and why it is insufficient to qualify as a theory on the central issue for the topic of free will.

The Thesis of Simple Indeterminism claims that some events are not caused by prior events - there is at least ONE case that there is more than one possible next events. Therefore, claiming that free will is insufficient to accept.