French revolution(1789) and Yugoslav Wars (1990s) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in French revolution(1789) and Yugoslav Wars (1990s) Deck (15):

French Revolution is example of what

civic nationalism


what was France like before the revolution

-no concept of "the people"
-king claimed he WAS France
-king shard political power with the catholic church
-people had to political power


what was France like after the revolution

-concept of "the people" taking hold
-property owning middle class could vote
-working class, women, and poor had little representation
-jews and protestants were no longer treated as second class


through what stages did the FR progress

1) moderate (political)
2) radical (economic/ terror/ utopian)
3) thermidor
4) Napoleon


first stage of FR

Expansion of Liberal Political Rights
-Declaration of rights of man: all citizens are equal
-Civil constitution of the clergy: subordinated the church to the government. Priests would need to swear allegiance to the state
-Enlargement of suffrage: men with property gained the right to vote


second stage of the revolution

New Economic Demands and Terror
-New demands for economic justice
-New threat of war for boarders
-Fear of counterrevolutionaries leads to terror or "purification by violence" (Saturns children)


third stage of the revolution

-arrest of Robespierre marked the ends of the reign of terror
-stage named after date of the coup


fourth stage of the revolution

Napoleonic Era
-under Napoleon, France exported ideas of revolution across Europe via invasions and alliances


negative legacies of the FR

-many poor/ urban people felt the revolution was unfulfilled
-tensions between freedom OF religion and freedom FROM religion
-robespierres terror left a bad rep for revolution


accomplishments of the FR

- Absolut monarchy was replaced with liberal democracy
- Nobility lost power to middle class
- the ideas of enlightenment thinkers began to be in practice
-FR set example for other countries to have revolution


the FR was a ____ of revolutions



what rose from FR

-economic equality


why did the old regime collapse in the FR

-enlightenment ideas started to rise
-bad economics( heavy debt/ couldn't tax nobles/ rising price of bread)
-unstable class hierarchy ( clergy, nobility, everyone else)


Before the Yugoslav Wars

- all Yugoslavs, regardless of religion, linguistics, ethnicity, were theoretically equal as the government emphasized "unity and brotherhood"


After the Yugoslav wars

-ethnic nationalist politicians stir up resentment among groups
-the country collapses into civil war between clashing ethnicities, languages, etc.
-eventually, half a dozen smaller nations are formed out of what once was Yugoslavia