Week 12- Former Yugoslavia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 12- Former Yugoslavia Deck (25):
1

Vlade Divac

-Basket ball player who sparked the conflict between Yugoslavia and its 6 republics after flag incident
-was Serb by ethnicity and Yugoslav by nationality

2

Dražen Petrović

-was Croat by ethnicity and Yugoslav by nationality
-best friend of Divac until county tensions caused them to divide

3

6 main religions and ethnicities of former Yugoslavia

1) Slovenes
2) Croatians
3) Serbians
4) Bosniaks
5) Macedonians
6) Albanians

4

Slovenes

catholic and speak Slovenian

5

Croatians and Bosnian Croats

catholic and speak "Serb-croatian"

6

Serbians and Bosnian Serbs

orthodox christians and speak "Serb-Croatians"

7

Bosniaks

Muslims and speak "Serb-croatian"

8

Macedonians

Orthodox Christian and speak Macedonian

9

Albanians

Muslim and speak Albanian

10

relationship between serbs, Croats, and Slovenes AND Austro-Hungarian Empire

they formed out of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after WWI

11

what does the name Yugoslavia actually mean

Southern slavs

12

what was going on in Yugoslavia in WWII

-Nazi occupation
-civil war among Yugoslav groups

13

what were the Yugoslav groups that were involved int he civil war

-Ustaše: Croat fascists
-Chetniks: Serb resistance fighters
-Communist “partisans” lead by Tito

14

what happens to Yugoslavia after WWII

it becomes communist under Marshall Tito composed of the 6 groups

15

plusses to communist Yugoslavia

-brotherhood and unity
-Relative Prosperity
-Freedom to travel
-Citizens supported regime
-Yugoslavia had global importance

16

Minuses of communist Yugoslavia

-NOT a democracy
-"centralized versus regional" problem
- Conflict memory of WWII
-Problem of ethnic nationalism fwas never fully solved
-economic problems

17

Communist leader Marshal Tito kept Yugoslavia unified from:

1945 until his death in 1980.

18

Slobodan Milosevic

-serbian nationalist
-claimed he would help serb nation reclaim past grander

19

Why did Yugoslavia not end up a liberal democracy like post-1989 Czechoslovakia?

-politicians capitalized on peoples’ worst fears
-and turned people against each other

20

factors that lead to disintegration of Yugoslavia

1) Death of Tito leaves a power vacuum
2) Appeal of ethnic nationalist ideologies
3) Shortsighted politicians
4) Nationalists’ control of media
5) Ethnic/linguistic/religious diversity
6) Ethnic/linguistic/religious diversity
7) Economic inequalities between regions + economic decline of entire former Yugoslavia

21

How did Yugoslavia disintegrate

1991: Slovenia and Croatia declare independance
1992: Macedonia declares indépendance and Bosnia war breaks out
1998: Kosovo war begins

22

Sarajevo

-longest siege of any city in modern history: 1992- 1996
-Symbolic importance: center of civic/Yugoslav nationalism.

23

what lead to NATO intervention in 1994

Markale Marketplace Massacre

24

Srebrenica killings

-worst mass murder in European since WWII
-Bosnian Serbs massacre more than 7,000 Muslim boys and men in July 1995

25

present day consequences of Yugoslav wars

-Former Bosnian Serb General was found guilty of war crimes and genocide and has been sentenced to life in prison
-Former Bosnian Serb President was found guilty in of “war crimes against humanity” and sentenced to 40 years imprisonment