Flashcards in Week 10- Italian Fascism Deck (11):
-permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation
-were agreed to by Germany, Great Britain, France and Italy
-area called studentenland
government in exile in Britain. Centrist but worked with Communist exiles.
who liberated Czechoslovakia
seeks to regenerate … a country by basing it on a heightened sense of national belonging or ethnic identity- Mussolini
mussolini abuse of power quote
We do not argue with those who disagree with us, we destroy them
what contributed to the development of Italian fascism
1. Problems of corruption of liberalism
2. Futurism’s embrace of Fascism
3. Humiliation in World War I for Italy
4. Fond memories of the camaraderie in the trenches
5. Fear of Communism
6. King and Catholic Church relinquish power without a fight
7. Economic problems of the 1930s lead to breakdown of democracies
8. Charisma of Mussolini and his timely shift from class to nation
how did Mussolini describe himself?
As a 'man of the people'
-was socialist and then became fascist
-wanted a strong state but also like business
-banned opposition parties, media and unions
why did fascists credentials crumble
-battle field losses
-increasing internal dissent
fascists promises to Italian people
-Promised to put people back to work
-protect the church
-To construct a stronger, highly militarized nation
-to undo Italys WWII humiliation
-return italy to golden age of ancient Rome
-To protect private property.
-To build a strong state yet not “nationalize” businesses.
-To defeat the Communists.
-To deliver “one man” solutions unlike democracy, with parties divided against each other.
-To celebrate masculinity.