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Flashcards in fsot constitution Deck (42):
1

What is the 2nd Ammendment of the US Constitution?

Right to keep and bear arms.

2

What is the 3rd Ammendment of the US Constitution?

Protection from quartering of troops.

3

What is the 4th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

Protection from unreasonable search and seizure.

4

What is the 5th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

Due process, double jeopardy, self-incrimination, private property.

5

What is the 6th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

Trial by jury, speedy trial, and other rights of the accused.

7

What is the 7th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

Civil trial by jury.

7

What is the 8th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

Prohibition of excessive bail, as well as cruel or unusual punishment.

8

What is the 9th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

Protection of rights not specifically enumerated in the Bill of Rights.

9

What is the 10th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

Powers of states and people. Anything not in the constitution is left to the states.

10

What is the 11th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1795): Clarifies judicial power over foreign nationals, and limits ability of citizens to sue states in federal courts and under federal law.

11

What is the 12th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1804): Changes the method of presidential elections so that members of the electoral college cast separate ballots for president and vice president.

13

What is the 13th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1865): Abolishes slavery and grants Congress power to enforce abolition.

13

What is the 14th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1868): Defines United States citizenship; prohibits states from abridging citizens' privileges or immunities and right to due process and the equal protection of the law; repeals the three-fifths compromise.

14

What is the 15th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1870): Prohibits the federal government and the states from using a citizen's race, color, or previous status as a slave as a qualification for voting.

15

What is the 16th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1913): Authorizes unapportioned federal taxes on income.

16

What is the 17th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1913): Establishes direct election of senators.

18

What is the 18th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1919): Prohibited the manufacturing, importing, and exporting of beverage alcohol. Repealed by the Twenty-First Amendment.

18

What is the 19th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1920): Prohibits the federal government and the states from using a citizen's sex as a qualification for voting.

19

What is the 20th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1933): Changes details of Congressional and presidential terms and of presidential succession. (lame duck ammendment)

20

What is the 21st Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1933): Repeals Eighteenth Amendment but permits states to retain prohibition and ban the importation of alcohol.

21

What is the 22nd Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1951): Limits president to two terms.

22

What is the 23rd Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1961): Grants presidential electors to the District of Columbia.

23

What is the 24th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1964): Prohibits the federal government and the states from requiring the payment of a tax as a qualification for voting for federal officials. (poll taxes)

25

What is the 25th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1967): Changes details of presidential succession, provides for temporary removal of president, and provides for replacement of the vice president.

25

What is the 26th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1971): Prohibits the federal government and the states from using an age greater than 18 as a qualification to vote.

26

What is the 27th Ammendment of the US Constitution?

(1992): Limits congressional pay raises. Was one of original 12 bill of rights.

27

What does Article 1 of the US Constitution Cover?

Legislative Power

28

What does Article 2 of the US Constitution Cover?

Executive Power

29

What does Article 3 of the US Constitution Cover?

Judicial Power

30

What does Article 4 of the US Constitution Cover?

States Powers & Limits

31

What does Article 5 of the US Constitution Cover?

Process of Ammendment

33

What does Article 6 of the US Constitution Cover?

Federal Power

33

What does Article 7 of the US Constitution Cover?

Process of Ratification

34

What was the Mayflower Compact?

(1620): First governing document of Plymoth Colony.

36

What was the Massachussets Body of Liberties?

(1641): First established legal code in New England. Compiled by the Puritan minister Nathaniel Ward.

36

What was the English Bill of Rights?

(1689): It is one of the basic documents of English constitutional law, alongside Magna Carta, the Act of Settlement and the Parliament Acts.

37

Who Wrote "Common Sense" ?

Thomas Paine. In 1776, it advocated reasons for splitting from Britain.

38

What was "The Rights of Man"?

Thomas Paine wrote the Rights of Man in 1791, it is a work glorifying the French Revolution.

39

What are "The Federalist Papers"?

A series of 85 articles arguing for the ratification of the United States Constitution. They were first published serially in New York City newspapers. A compilation, called The Federalist, was published in 1788. The Federalist Papers serve as a primary source for interpretation of the Constitution, as they outline the philosophy and motivation of the proposed system of government. The articles were written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay.

40

What political party did Alexander Hamilton start?

The Federalist party in 1792, which advocated strong national government. It was opposed by Thomas Jefferson & James Madison's Republican party.

41

What were the Alien and Sedition Acts?

With war looming against a major power, France, Federalists in Congress in 1798 passed the laws to protect national security. These 4 laws limited freedom of speech, made it possible to kick out foreign nationals, and changed citizenship to be gained after 14 years of residence, instead of 5. Never tested in court, but is generally accepted to be unconstitutional.

42

What was the Alien Registration Act?

AKA - Smith Act of 1940 made it a criminal offense for anyone to conspire to overthrow the government. It also required all non-citizen adult residents to register with the government. The Act is best known for its use against political organizations and figures, mostly on the left. A series of United States Supreme Court decisions in 1957 threw out numerous convictions under the Smith Act as unconstitutional.