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Flashcards in Function of Brain Areas Deck (21):
1

What part of the brain is responsible for motor aspects of language?

Broca motor speech area

2

Where is the Broca motor speech area?

lateral surface of dominant hemisphere of the frontal lobe (inferior frontal gyrus)

3

What part of the brain is responsible for emotion, motivation, personality, initiative, judgment, concentration and social inhibitions?

prefrontal association areas

4

What part of the brain is responsible for modulation of emotional aspects of behavior?

cingulate gyrus

5

What part of the brain is responsible for processing receptive or sensory aspects of language?

Wernicke area

6

Where is Wernicke area located?

dominant hemisphere of the parietal lobe

7

Where i s the primary visual area located?

medial surface on either side of the calcarine sulcus (occipital lobe)

8

Where are the visual association areas located?

lateral surface of occipital lobe

9

What part of the brain gives the ability to hear and process auditory information?

superior temporal gyrus

10

What area of the brain is responsible for perception of language?

area on the lateral surface of the temporal lobe

11

What part of the brain is responsible for complex learning, memory and emotion?

anterior medial aspects of the temporal lobe

12

What part of the brain is responsible for volitional control of saccadic eye movement?

middle frontal gyrus

13

What area of the brain is responsible for the awareness of sound?

Transverse gyri of Heschl

14

Where is the reticular formation located?

loose network of nuclei that span the tegmentuma nd are clustered along the midline

15

Which cranial nerve nuclei are NOT located in the tegmentum?

I, II and XI

16

Where do ascending pathways from the spinal cord travel (in the brainstem)?

tegmentum

17

Where do descending motor pathways travel in the brainstem?

basal portion

18

Where do sensory fibers lie in the internal capsule?

posterior limb (near the thalamus)

19

What is the largest commissure in the brain?

corpus callosum

20

The caudate always has what relationship to the lateral ventricle?

lateral wall

21

What is the relationship of the fornix and the hippocampus?

the crus of the fornix comes out of the posterior medial portion of the hippocampus to connect it to the hypothalamus