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Flashcards in Fundamentals Deck (23):
1

Burden of Proof 

For defendant to be convicted of a crime, Each element must be proved beyond a reas. doubt 

2

Elements for a Crime 

1. Actus Reus

2. Mens Rea

3. Concurrence 

4. Causation 

3

Actus Reus 

  • Voluntary Act 
  • Failure to Act when there's a legal duty to act 

4

Failure to Act when there's a legal duty to act 
 

  • Imposed by Statute 
  • Contract 
  • Special Relationship 
  • Voluntary Undertakings to Rescue 
  • Creation of the Risk of Peril 

5

Mens Rea 

Guilty Mind (None for Strict Liability) 

  • SI 
  • GI
  • Malice
  • Model Penal Code 
    • Purposely 
    • knowingly/willfully 
    • Recklessly 
    • Negligently 

6

Specific Intent Crimes 

Specific Intent (FIAT)

  • 1st degree murder
  • Inchoate Offenses 
  • Assault w/ intent to commit battery 
  • Theft Offenses 

7

General Intent 

  • Intent to perform unlawful act 
    • Knowingly, recklessly, negligently 

8

General Intent Crimes 

General Intent 

  • Battery,
  • Rape,
  • Kidnapping,
  • False Imprisonment 

9

Transferred Intent Crimes 

  • Homicide,
  • battery,
  • arson 

10

Malice Mens Rea 

Reckless Disregard of high Risk of Harm 

11

Malice Crimes 

  • Common Law Murder,
  • Arson 

12

Malice - Intent 

Inferred from accomplished act 

13

Model Penal Code - Purposely

Conscious Objective to engage in conduct or cause a certain result 

14

Model Penal Code - Knowingly/Willfuly 

Aware/knows result is practically certain to occur based on his conduct 

15

Model Penal Code - Recklessly 

Acts w/ conscious disregard of substantial and unjustifiable risk 

16

Model Penal Code - Negligently 

should be aware of subst. & unjust. risk that material elem. of crime exists or will result from his conduct (gross deviation from std. of care)

17

Principal 

pers. whose acts/omissions are actus reus of the crime 

  • actively or constructively present at scene of crime 

18

Principal in the Second Degree 

  1. Person who aids or abets principal in 1st degree 
  2. Physically or constructively present 
  3. during commission of the crime 

19

Accomplice Liability 

Aids/Abets principal in facilitating the crime w/ intent the crime be committed 

20

Accessory before the fact 

  1. Has requisite intent 
  2. Aided in the preparation for the offense 
  3. Not phys. or constructively present during commission 
  4. Liable for crime he purposefully facilitated and 
  5. All other crimes committed by principal that are reasonably foreseeable 

21

Accomplice Liability Defenses 

Withdraw 

  1. Repudiate prior aid 
  2. Do all that is possible to countermand prior assistance, and 
  3. Do so before chain of events set in motion and unstoppable 

22

Accessory After the Fact 

  1. Completed Felony 
  2. Accessory Knows Felony was committed and 
  3. Personally gave aid to felon to avoid apprehension or conviction 
  4. liable for separate crime (obstruction or harboring) 

23