Inchoate Crimes Flashcards Preview

Criminal Law > Inchoate Crimes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Inchoate Crimes Deck (14):
1

Inchoate Crimes 

  1. Solicitation 
  2. Conspiracy 
  3. Attempt 

2

Inchoate Crimes - Merger 

▵ can be tried, but not punished for the following and the completed crime 

  1. Solicitation 
  2. Attempt 

3

Solicitation 

  1. Enticing, Encouraging, or commanding another person 
  2. to commit a crime 
  3. with intent that the other person commits the crime 

4

Conspiracy 

  1. Agreement 
  2. between 2 or more persons 
  3. to accomplish an unlawful purpose 
  4. with the intent to accomplish that purpose 
  5. Overt Act (Federal/Majority/MPC Rule, not common law) 
  • In furtherance of the crime 

5

Co-Conspiracy Liability 

Each co-conspirator liab. for all crimes that are: 

  1. Foreseeable, and 
  2. Committed in furtherance of the conspiratorial goal 

6

Unilateral Conspiracy 

  1. Conviction of single party to conspiracy 
  2. when co-conspirators fake agreement or 
  3. another party to the conspiracy is acquitted 

7

Chain Conspiracy 

  1. Community of Interest 
  2. in achievement of the object of the conspiracy 
  3. All members liab. for acts of others in furtherance of conspiracy 

8

Wheel-Spoke Conspiracy 

  1. 1 common member 
  2. enters agreements to commit several crimes 
  3. with independent people 
  • Only liable for their share b/c unaware of other parts 

9

Wharton Rule 

  1. If crime requires 2 or more participants as nec. elem. for commission 
  2. no conspiracy to commit offense if no additional people used to commit offense 

10

Conspiracy Defenses 

  1. Complete & Voluntary Withdrawal - severs liab. of fut. crimes of co-conspirators BUT still liab. for underlying conspiracy 
  2. Renunciation (MPC only) - co-conspirator can withdraw & perf. act that thwarts the conspiracy ➞ removes liab. from underlying conspiracy 

11

Attempt 

  1. Specific Intent to commit the crime 
  2. Substantial step towards commission of crime (beyond mere prep.) 

12

Substantial step towards commission of crime

  1. Majority - Subst. Step Test - not subst. step if mere prep., must effect commission
  2. Minority - Dangerous Proximity Test - dangerous prox. of completion of crime 

13

Attempt Defenses 

Legal Impossibility - Act is not a crime 

14