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Flashcards in Fungi Deck (39):
1

How do fungi get nutrients?

By secreting digestive juices onto a food source and then absorbing the dissolved food

2

Many fungi are (blank) which feed on dead plant or animal matter while other fungi are (blank)

Many fungi are decomposers which feed on dead plant or animal matter while other fungi are parasites

3

How can plants and fungi benefit from each other through a mycorrhiza?

Plants give fungi nutrients and fungi helps the plants roots absorb minerals

4

Mycorrhiza

A beneficial relationship between a plant and a fungus

5

Mycelium

The twisted mass that forms when hyphae grow together

6

Hyphae

Threadlike fungal filaments

7

Spores

The small reproductive cells that are protected by a thick cell wall

8

Fungi are made of (blank) cells

Eukaryotic

9

Where is mycelium found?

Underground

10

Describe the two types of asexual reproduction that take place in fungi

1. The hyphae break apart
2. The production of spores

11

Sexual reproduction in fungi happens when special structures form to make what?

Sex cells

12

What type of fungus is shapeless and fuzzy?

Mold

13

What group does black bread mold belong to?

Threadlike

14

Where do most threadlike fungi live?

In soil

15

What are the spore cases on threadlike fungi called?

Sporangia

16

Name the four groups of fungi

Threadlike, sac, club, and imperfect

17

What are the two ways threadlike fungi reproduce

Spores and hyphae

18

What is the largest group of fungi?

Sac

19

What are some examples of sac fungi?

Yeast, powdery mildews, truffles, and morels

20

When sac fungi reproduce sexual, they form a sac called a (blank)

ascus

21

Name two ways sac fungi are useful

Bread and alcohol

22

Budding

A form of asexual reproduction used by yeast

23

Chestnut blight

A disease caused by sac fungi

24

Club fungi

The group of fungi that mushrooms belong to

25

Basidia

Club Like structures on club fungi

26

Bracket fungi

A fungi that grows outward from wood and forms small shelves

27

Aflatoxin

A poison produced by an imperfect fungi

28

Penicillium

A fungi used to make antibiotics

29

Why do mushrooms appear in circles?

They grow at the edges of the mass hyphae

30

Bracket fungi, puffball, smuts, and rust are all (blank) fungi

Club

31

Imperfect fungi do not reproduce (blank)

Sexually

32

A common human skin disease caused by imperfect fungi is (blank)

Athletes foot

33

A lichen is a combination of what two organisms?

Fungi and algae

34

Because lichen produce their food through photosynthesis what group do they belong to
Consumers
Parasites
Producers
Host

Producers

35

What allows lichen to live in even the driest environments without drying out?

Their protective walls

36

Why can lichen grow on rocks?

Because lichen only need air, light, and minerals

37

Tell how a lichen changes its surroundings in a way that allows other organisms to live there

When bits of rock and dead lichen fill in cracks soil is made

38

Why are lichen so easily affected by air pollution?

Because lichen absorb water and minerals from the air

39

Fungi

Eukaryotic heterotrophs that have rigid cell walls and no chlorophyll