Chapter 12 and 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 and 13 Deck (65):
1

Cell wall

Surrounds the cell membrane

2

Cell membrane

Surrounds a plant cell and lies beneath the cell wall

3

Chloroplasts

Contains chlorophyll

4

Nonvascular

Have no tubes to transport water

5

Vascular

Have tubes to transport water, nutrients, and minerals

6

Gymnosperms

Don't produce flowers

7

Angiosperms

Produce flowers

8

Pollen

The tiny granules that contain the male gametophyte of seed plants

9

Vacuole

Stores water in a cell, helps support the cell

10

Monocot

Has one cotyledon

11

Dicot

Has two cotyledons

12

Pollination

The transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structure to the female reproductive structures of female plants

13

What are characteristics of all plants?

Autotrophs, cell walls, reproduction, cuticles, photosynthesis, two stage life cycle

14

What is the function of the cell parts?

Vacuole

Stores water and helps support cell

15

What is the function of the cell parts?

Chloroplasts

This is where photosynthesis happens

16

What is the function of the cell parts?

Cell wall

Supports and protects plant cell

17

What is the function of the cell parts?

Cell membrane

Controls what goes in and out of cell

18

The category plants is divided into what two categories?

Vascular and non vascular

19

What are example of non vascular plants?

Mosses, liverworts, and horntails

20

Vascular plants are divided into what two groups?

Seeds and seedless

21

What are examples of seedless vascular plants?

Ferns, whisk, horsetails, club mosses

22

Vascular plants with seeds are divided into what two groups?

Angiosperms and gymnosperms

23

What are examples of gymnosperms?

Conifers, cycads, ginkgo, and gnetophytes

24

Angiosperms are divided into what two groups?

Monocots and dicots

25

What are examples of monocots?

Psalms, grasses, chides, lilies

26

What are examples of dicots?

Oak, roses, cacti, and sunflower

27

Cotyledon

The food pouch that monocots and dicots have

28

Photosynthesis

The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to make food

29

Germination

Seed becoming a plant

30

Plantlets

Tiny plants that grow along the edges of a plant's leaves and fall off on their own.

31

Tuber

Underground stems from which new plants can grow

32

Runner

Above ground stems from which new plants can grow

33

Dormant

Inactive

34

Transpiration

The process by which plants release water vapor into the air through stoma

35

Stoma

One of many openings in a leaf or a stem of a plant that enables gas exchange to occur

36

Cellular respiration

The process by which cells use oxygen to produce energy from food

37

Chlorophyll

A green pigment that captures light energy for photosynthesis

38

Ovary

In flowering plants, the lower part of a pistil that produces eggs in ovules

39

Ovule

After fertilization takes place it develops into a seed

40

Spongy layer

Carbon dioxide moves freely through here and xylem and phloem are found in this layer

41

Cuticle

Prevents leaf from water loss

42

Palisade layer

Contain many chloroplasts and carbon dioxide moves freely through here

43

Epidermis

A single layer of cells that beneath the cuticle

44

Xylem

The type of tissue in vascular plants that provides support and conducts water and nutrients from the root

45

Phloem

The tissue that conducts food in vascular plants

46

Fibrous root

Several roots that spread out from the plants stem

47

Taproot

One main root

48

Fertilization

Happens when sperm fuses with the egg inside an ovule

49

What advantages do vascular plants have over non vascular plants?

They have tubes to deliver water and nutrients and can grow taller and be in different locations

50

What importance do each play?

Non vascular plants

They are pioneer species so they helped form soil

51

What importance do each play?

Seedless vascular plants

Form soil and prevent soil erosion

52

What importance do each play?

Vascular plants

Food and shelter for other organisms

53

What importance do each play?

Gymnosperms

Make medications, paper and shelter

54

What importance do each play?

Angiosperms

Makes perfume, food, and medication

55

What advantage do seeds provide for their plant?

They help protect baby plants, they spread easier, can live in harsh conditions

56

What is unique about each plant's method of reproduction?

Seedless plant

Spores

57

What is unique about each plant's method of reproduction?

Gymnosperms

Cones

58

What is unique about each plant's method of reproduction?

Angiosperms

Flowers

59

What is the equation for photosynthesis?

Carbon dioxide + water
Light energy
➡️➡️➡️➡️➡️ glucose + oxygen

60

What can happen to glucose after it is made in photosynthesis?

It can be stored as starch or used as energy for cellular respiration

61

Why does a plant need cellular respiration and photosynthesis?

To move energy through the plant

62

What are the four methods of reproduction for angiosperms?

Sexual, tubers, plantlets, runners

63

How does a flower transform into a fruit/seed

Ovary holds ovule

64

What is the male reproductive part of a flower and what is it made of?

Stamen, made of anther and Filiment

65

What is the female reproductive part of the flower and what is it made if?

Pistil, it's made of stigma, style, and ovary