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Flashcards in Old Deck (30):
1

Aside from oxygen, which gas is important plants?

Carbon Dioxide

2

Photosynthesis

the process by which plants make their own food

3

Plants make sugar [blank] from carbon dioxide and water

Glucose

4

Are the chloroplasts in the grana or are the grana in the chloroplasts?

The grana are in the chloroplasts?

5

The pigment in plants that absorbs light energy is called...

Chlorophyll

6

Why are most plants green?

Chlorophyll absorbs many wavelengths but reflect more wavelengths of green light

7

What happens to the light energy that is captured by chlorophyll?

It is used to help form glucose molecules

8

When photosynthesis takes place the plant gives off what gas?

Oxygen [O2]

9

Cellular respiration

The process by which cells use oxygen to produce energy from food

10

Excess glucose is converted to another type of sugar is called [blank] or stored as [blank]

Excess glucose is converted to another type of sugar is called sucrose or stored as starch

11

Stoma

An opening in a leaf's epidermis

12

Transpiration

The loss of water from the leaves

13

Cuticle

A waxy coating that protects the plant from water loss

14

Guard cells

Double doors for a stoma

15

The base of nearly all food chains on earth is formed by ...

Photosynthetic organisms

16

How do some animals get energy from plants indirectly?

They eat animals that eat plants. Example:
Antelope eats grass. Then lion eats antelope

17

What is the largest most diverse group of plants?

Flowering plants

18

What takes place when pollen is moved from anthers to stigmas?

Pollination

19

What happens when sperm fuses with the egg inside an ovule?

Fertilization

20

What develops into a seed after fertilization takes place?

Ovule

21

What is a dormant seed?

An inactive seed

22

Germination

Seed becoming a plant

23

What three things do seeds need in order to sprout?

Water, air, and warm temp.

24

Runners

Above ground stems from which new plants can grow

25

Plantlets

Tiny plants that grow along the edges of a plants leaves and fall off and grow on their own

26

Tubers

Underground stems from which new plants can grow

27

Xylem

Vascular tissue that transports water and minerals through a plant

28

Phloem

Vascular tissue that transports food molecules to all parts of a plant

29

Where are root systems located?

Underground

30

What are the three main functions of roots?

Supply plant with water and dissolved minerals

Hold plants securely in soil

Store surplus food during photosynthesis