Fungi and Parasites Flashcards Preview

Chiro Essentials Microbio > Fungi and Parasites > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fungi and Parasites Deck (56)
Loading flashcards...
1

What organisms can cause tinea capitis, corporis, curis, pedis, manum, ungium?

Microsporum, Trichophyton, Epidermophyton

2

Malassezia furfur causes? S/S?

Pityriasis versicolur - meatballs and spaghetti appearance on KOH prepared skin scrapings

3

What can you tell me about Candida Albicans?

Dimorphic, cold is mould, warm is yeast and can cause oral or vaginal thrust (thick, white, cheesey discharge)

4

What can Rose gardeners pick up? S/S?

Sporothrix schenckii
Bumps along lymph channels in leg or forearm

5

Madurella grisea causes?

Chronic infxn of food, swollen, draining sinuses

6

Fungi grow best in what medium?

Sabouraud

7

Black nodules on hair?!! You suspect this fungus to be at fault!

Piedra hortae

8

White or beige nodules on your hair? You picked up what fungus?

Trichosporum Beigelli

9

What do you suspect to cause warty lesions on woodcutter's feet? (Madura foot)

Madurella mycetomatis or grisea

10

Ohio valley fever (mississippi too) is caused by? Spread by? Causes?

Histoplasma cpsulatum
Inhalation of spores, bat or chicken droppings
Asymptomatic in immunocompetent ppl and hide in macrophages but can affect lung, spleen, liver, adrenals

11

San Joaquin Valley fever is caused by? Spread by? S/S?

Coccidioidtes Immitis
Inhalation of spores (SW US deserts)
Lung infxn,joint pain, erythema nodusum (legs)

12

North American Blastomycosis is caused by? Transmitted through? SS?

Blasomyces dermatidis, East coast US
Inhalation of spores
Skin, bone, lung infxn

13

South American Blastomycosis is caused by? Transmitted through? SS?

Paracoccidioides brasiiensis
inhalation of spores (latin america)
Mouth and nose ulcerations

14

Which opportunistic fungi affect HIV/AIDS patients?

Aspergillus fumigatus (hemoptysis), cryptococcus neoformans (meningitis, brain abscess, pneumonia), candida albicns (thrush), pneumocystis jiroveci (ground glass pneumonia)

15

What causes Chagas disease and what is the vector? S/S?

Trypanosoma Cruzi
Reduviid sand fly bite
Dysphagia, heart failure (mega esophagus, dilated cardiomegaly)

16

What causes sleeping sickness and what is the vector?

Trypanosoma Gambiense
Tetse fly bite

17

A phlebotomous sandly bite can transmit what parasites? S/S?

Leishmania donovania - kala azar hepatosplenomegaly
Leishmania Brasilliensis - espundia mucocutaneous ulcerations

18

What tapeworm can you get from:
Pork?
Beef?
Dog feces?

Taenia solium
Taenia saginata
Echinococcus granulosus

19

What is the largest fish tapeworm?
Smallest tapeworm?

Diphyllobothrium latum
Hymenolepis nana

20

What causes River blindness disease and what is the vector?

Onchocera volvulus
Simulium blackfly bite

21

What parasite causes elephantiasis disease and what is the vector?

Wuchereria bancrofti
Aedes aegypti mosquito

22

What causes eye worm disease and what is the vector?

Loa loa
Chrysops fly bite

23

Types of protozoa?

Ameba
Flagellata
Ciliate
Sporozoa

24

Amebic dysentery parasite? S/S?

Entameba histolytica
Stool w/flecks of blood and mucous (liver abscess)

25

How is trypanosoma cruzi spread?

Kissing

26

What sporozoa infxn is spread from infected cat feces? S/S?

Toxoplasma gondii
X placenta --> miscarriage, chorioretinitis, intracranial calcification

27

Let's talk about plasmodium malaria... spread by? Plasmodium falciparum S/S? Blackwater fever cause?

Female aneopheles mosquitoes (injects sporozites which become merozoites in liver and then trophozoites to gametocytes)
Daily cycles of ever, cerebral infection convulsion death
Excessive hemoglobin in the urine

28

MC intestinal nematode in US? Tests? S/S?

Enterobius vermicularis/pinworms
Scotch tape test
Perianal itching

29

2nd MC intestinal nematode in US? S/S?

Ascaris lumbricoides/roundworms
Intestinal and common bile duct obtruction

30

Strongyloides stercoralis are? S/S?

Threadworms
Perianal itching at night