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Chiro Essentials Microbio > Bacteria > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bacteria Deck (59)
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1

Ziehl Neelsen Stain bacteria

Mycobacterium
M. TB
. leprae

2

Gram - Cocci

Neisseria (gonorrhea, meningitidis)

3

Gram - comma

Vibrio (cholera)

4

Gram - bacillus
non-enteric
enteric

Ne: Bartonella henselae, bordetella pertussis, brucella abortus, L. pneumophilia, francisella tularensis, pseudomonas aeruginosa H. ducreyi
E: salmonella typhi, H. pylori, Yersinia pestis, serratia marcescens, proteus mirablis, E. Coli, K. phenumoniae, shegella sonnie/flexneri

5

Gram + Cocci

Staph (arueus, saprophyticus, pneumoniae, pyogenes, viridans, agalactiae)

6

Gram + bacilus

antrhacis, cereus
Clostridium - diff, tetani, perfringins, botulinum
Corynebacterium - diphtheriae

7

Which bacteria lack cell wall?

Mycoplasma pneumoniae (atypical walking peumonia)

8

Which bacteria have a flexible cell wall

(spirochete)
Chlamydia psittaci (Psittacosis) trachomatis (A/b/C trachoma, D-K Reiter's, L1-3 lymphogranuloma venereum)
Rickettsia: rickettsii (rocky mountain spotted fever ticks), prowazekii (epidimic typhus - lice), typhi (murine endomic typhus - rat fleas), quntana (trench fever - lice), tsutsugamishi (scrub typhus - mites)
Coxiella burnetti (Q fever)
Ehrlichia chaffeensis (tick)

9

Staph aureus can cause:

Scalded skin syndrome, toxic shock, impetigo, osteomyelitis, carbuncles, acute bacteril endocarditis

10

Staph saprophyticus

MC UTI in teenagers, no nitrite in urine

11

Strep pyogenes can cause

Rheumatic fever, impetigo, erysipelas, glomerulonephritis, scarlet fever

12

Alpha-hemolytic strep in dental cavities and subacute bacteral endocarditits

Strep viridans

13

Strep pneumoniae can cause?

Meningitis, otitis media, pneumonia (rust coloured sputum sinusitis)

14

Srep Agalactiae causes:

Meningitis and septicemia in newborn

15

Neisseria
gonorrhoeae and meningitidis cause and ID in?

Thayer-Martin chocolate agar
G: gonorrhea, septic arthritis, ophthalmia neonatorum
M: meningitis and meningococcemia

16

Lowenstein-Jensen medium is used to ID?

Mycobacterium TB

17

Wool sorter's disease with malignant pustule (bactermeia and death)

Bacillus anthracis

18

What causes food poisoning (esp fried rice)?

Bcillus cereus

19

Botulism

C. botulinum - blocks ACH release at neuromuscular junction, diplopia, dysphagia, flaccid paralysis

20

Pseudomonas colitis caused by?

C. diff normal gut flora
Four smelling stool

21

Tetanus is caused by?

Clostridium tetani, cause muscle spasm and trismus (lockjaw)

22

Gas gangrene is caused by?

Clostridium perfringens

23

Diphtheria S/S?

Chinese-letters appearance of corynebacterium diphtheria, gray pseudo-membrane in throat, bacteriophages release exotoxin and damage heart, muscle, nerve, Shick test positive

24

Listeria monocytogenes is from?

Unpasteruized milk/cheese

25

What is the gram negative enteric bacillus that causes fever, diarrhea and blood and pus in the stool

Compylobacter jejuni

26

What causes bubonic plague? Vector?

Yersinia pestis, rat fleas

27

How long does it take salmonella enterides to cause food poisoning?

1-2 days

28

Symptoms of salmonella typhi

Low grade step ladder fever, diarrhea, rose spots on abdomen

29

Proteus mirablis causes?

UTI

30

People with red coloured pus coming out of their burns probably have?

Serratia marcescens