Gases and Electron Orbitals (Test 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gases and Electron Orbitals (Test 2) Deck (33):
1

Ideal Gas Law

PV = nRT

2

ℓ for orbital type d

2

3

ℓ for orbital type s

0

4

ℓ for orbital type p

1

5

DeBroglie Wavelength

λ = h / (mv)

6

Avogadros Law

V1/N1 = V2/N2

7

Boyle's Law

P1 x V1 = P2 x V2

8

Charles' Law

V1/T1 = V2/T2 (T must be kelvin!!!)

9

Absolute zero

-273.15 degrees C = 0 K

10

Joule

(kg x m^2) / s^2

11

1 atm >> ___mmHg

760 mmHg

12

Pressure

Force/Area

13

1 atm >> ___psi

14.7 psi

14

ℓ for orbital type f

3

15

Electromagnetic Spectrum

Radio > Microwave > Infrared > Visible > Ultraviolet > Xray > Gamma

16

Visible spectrum

Red > Yellow > Green > Blue > Purple

17

1 atm >> ___kPa

101.3 kPa

18

λ

wavelength

19

υ (upsilon) meaning and unit

frequency – Hz (s^-1)

20

λυ = ___ (in a vacuum/speed of light)

c = 2.9979 x 10^8 m/s

21

Å m

(E-10 m)

22

∆E =

∆nhν (where n is a constant and h is Planck's constant)

23

Planck's constant h

6.63 × E-34 J⋅s

24

Heisenberg uncertainty principle

One cannot know both an electron's momentum as well as it's position. One can only know one or the other.

25

Magnetic Quantum Number M

Defines the orientation of the orbital
Found by taking [-ℓ, ℓ]

26

Spin Magnetic Quantum Number S

Either +1/2 or -1/2

27

Four Quantum Numbers

m , n , ℓ , s

28

Pauli Exclusion Principle

No two electrons in same atom can have same four quantum numbers

29

4 Major Orbital Shells

K, L, M, N

30

K orbital shell quantum number

1

31

N orbital shell quantum number

4

32

M orbital quantum number

3

33

L orbital quanutm number

2