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Flashcards in Solutions Deck (17):
1

Solution

homogenous mixture of two or more substances

2

Solvent

substance in greatest quantity

3

Solute

substance dissolved in solvent

4

Soluble ionic compounds

Have bonds with water that are stronger than between the atoms of the pure compound

5

What dissolves?

1. Molecular solids
2. Molecular liquids

6

What dissociates?

1. Ionic solids
2. Strong acids
3. Strong bases

7

Electrolyte

A substance with ions present

8

Strong electrolytes

Many salts (see table)
Strong acids
Strong bases

9

Net ionic equation

equation with canceled spectator ions

10

Acid + Base =

Water + Salt

11

Weak bases

look for organic compounds or molecules like ammonia

12

Nitric acid

HNO3

13

Lithium hydroxide

LiOH

14

Sodium hydroxide

NaOH

15

Sulfuric acid

H2SO4

16

Pechloric acid

HClO4

17

Avogadro's number (the mole)

6.02e23