Flashcards in GASTRO-INTESTINAL SMOOTH MUSCLE SPASM Deck (6)
What causes gastro-intestinal smooth muscle spasms ?
bowel colic in palliative care
How are antimuscarinis drugs useful in gastro-intestinal smooth muscle spasm?
reduces intestinal motility.
S/E of antimuscarinics: dilate pupil, inhibit salivation, accelerates heart beat, dilate bronchi, inhibits digestions, constipation, stimulates glucose release, inhibits peristalsis and secretion, relaxes bladder, angle-closure glaucoma, drowsiness
What are the cautions of antimuscarinic drugs ?
susceptibility to angle-closure glaucoma
conditions causing tachycardia: hyperthyroidism
cardiovascular disease: arythmias, CHF
What are the contraindications of antimuscarinic drugs ?
prostatic enlargment, urinary retention
paralytic ileus, GI obstruction, megacolon
narrow angle glaucoma
Antimuscarinic side effects?
blurred vision, urinary retention, constipation, dry mouth