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Flashcards in General Facts Deck (42):
1

Phylloxera Free

6: South Australia, Chile, Cyprus, Colares DOC (Portugal), Columbia Valley (WA, USA), Jerez (Spain)

2

Six Factors

1) Varietal, 2) Climate 3) Soil 4) Viticulture 5) Vinification 6) Post Packaging (Storage/Bottle Aging)

3

Qualitatswein mit Pradikat (6)

1) Kabinett 2) Spatlese 3) Auslese 4) Beerenauslese 5) Eiswein 6)Trockenbeerenauslese; Based on sugar levels at harvest on the Oechsle scale; cannot chaptalize

4

13 Anbaugiebiete of Germany

Ahr, Baden, Franken, Hessische Bergstrasse, Mittelrhein, Mosel, Nahe, Pfalz, Rheingau, Rheinhessen, Saale-Unstrut, Saachsen, and Wurttemberg

5

German Classifications

Anbaugiebiete -> Bereich -> Gemeinde -> Grosselage -> Einzellage -> Erzeugerafullung -> Gutsabfullug

6

Anbaugiebiete

Region (13)

7

Bereich

District (39)

8

Gemeinde

Commune/Village

9

Grosselage

Collection of vineyards (160)

10

Einzellage

Single vineyards (2,632)

11

Erzeugerafullung

Estate Bottled

12

Gutsabfullug

Producer Bottled

13

High quality vineyard designations for Riesling

Erste Gewach - Reingau; Erste Lage - Mosel; Grosses Gewachs - Other German Areas

14

Mosel - 6 Bereich

Bernkastel, Burg Cochem, Moseltor, Obermosel, Ruwer, Saar

15

Northern Rhone

Cote-Rotie, Condrieu, St Joseph, Hermitage, Crozes Hermitage, Cornas, Cotes du Rhone

16

Southern Rhone

Cotes du Rhone Villages, Chateauneuf du Pape, Gigondas, Vacqueyras, Lirac, Tavel

17

Limestone

* Calcium carbonate
* Alkaline, free draining
* Loire, Piedmont, Northern Spain, Most of Burgundy, Limestone coast in So. Oz

18

Quercus Suber

Cork Tree

19

Aseptic

Free of microorganisms

20

Sterile

Hostile to Microorganisms

21

Cabernet Sauvignon

* Buds late, ripens late
* Warm climate
* Affinity to oak
* Med/Hi Acid, Tannin, Body, Alcohol
* Black fruits, currant, cherry, blackberry, cigar box, tobacco, cedar

22

Syrah

* Buds late, ripens early
* Warm climate but also cold hardy
* Responds well to oak; new oak when ripe
* Raspberry, blackberry, black currant, violets, meat, rosemary, pepper
* Med Acid

23

Chardonnay

* Buds early, ripens early
* Easy to grow
* Malo, oak, no oak, stainless
* Pear, apple, fig, lemon, tropical fruit, pineapple

24

Pinot Noir

* Buds early, ripens early
* Loses vibrant fruit at high temps, aromas, acidity
* Low yield for quality
* Cool climate
* Strawberry, red cherry, plum, raspberries, leather, spice, tea, mushrooms, cranberry
* Low tannins, Hi acid, low/med alcohol

25

Sauvignon Blanc

* Buds late, ripens early
* Cool/sunny climate
* High acid
* Citrus, kiwi, grapefruit, guava, melon, stone fruit

26

Merlot

* Buds early, ripens early
* Thin skin, low tannin, high sugar
* Acid plummets if not vinified quickly
* Black cherry, plum, fig, prune, chocolate, toffee, nutmeg, clove

27

Potential Alcohol

* Concentration of alcohol that would result from the fermentation to dryness of all sugar dissolved in must

28

Actual Alcohol

Actual level of alcohol in a wine after fermentation

29

Natural Alcohol

Total alcohol in unenriched must or wine

30

Total Alcohol

Actual + Potential (from RS)

31

Residual Sugar

* Concentration of sugar in unfinished wine (unfermented sugars and from any sweetening operation)

32

Crushing

* Grapes crushed to release juice so immediately available for fermentation

33

Pressing

* Involves application of pressure to grapes, grape bunches or grape pomace to squeeze the liquid from the solid parts
* Whites - pressed before ferm; Reds - pressed after ferm & maceration

34

Passerillage

Grapes that are dried or raisinated on vine (Fr)

35

Battonage

* Lees stirring, changes texture & flavors w/ contact & stirring
* produce a softer/richer, more complex wine
* Unstirred or too thick lees runs risk of producing off flavors like hydrogen sulfide or mercaptan odors

36

Bottle Sizes

Magnum, Jeroboam, Rehoboam, Methuselah, Salmenazar, Balthazar, Nebuchadnezzar

37

Jeroboam

4 bottles

38

Rehoboam

6 bottles

39

Methuselah

8 bottles

40

Salmenazar

12 bottles

41

Balthazar

16 bottles

42

Nebuchadnezzar

20 bottles