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Flashcards in Soils Deck (13):
1

Limestone

* Calcium carbonate
* Alkaline, free draining
* Loire, Piedmont, Northern Spain, Most of Burgundy, Limestone coast in So. Oz

2

Humus

Black/brown mixture of partially decomposed organic matter

3

Llicorella

* Slate & quartz from paleozoic era; porous and drains well
* Priorat, Spain
* Syrah, Grenache, Carignan

4

Turonian

* Limestone from Turonian era - 89-93M years ago
* Found on slopes of Bourgeuil in Loire
* Cabernet Franc

5

Kimmeridgian Clay

* Calcareous clay containing grey colored limestone of same name
* Principally in Terre Blanche of Sancerre, Chablis, Aube-Champagne
* Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir

6

Silex

* Flint & sand based
* Formed from a mixture of clay, limestone, silica
* Sancerre, Pouilly Fume
* Sauvignon Blanc

7

Galestro

* Rocky schist soil with huge slabs of schist
* Not like galette stones in Rhone
* Best vineyards in Chianti Classico DOCG
* Sangiovese

8

Helvetian

* Compact sandstone found in Castiglione Falletto, Serralunga d'Alba, Monteforte d'Alba in Piedmont
* Gives nebbiolo more structure

9

Tortonian

* Calcareous marl found in barolo and La morra in piedmont
* Makes nebbiolo wines more soft

10

Slate

* Shale altered by high pressure and temperatures
* Harder & less porous than shale
* Mosel

11

Granite

* Formed from solid magma
* Hard and dense
* Baden and Northern Rhone

12

Chalk

* Lower density than limestone but similar
* Champagne, Jerez
* Other sedimentary rocks
- dolomite: high in magnesium
- sandstone: compressed quartz
- shale: composed of clay - quite soft

13

Volcanic Rocks

* Formed from surface lava
* Santorini & Madeira