A person standing in anatomical position would have
their feet flat on floor, arms at the sides and the palms and face directed forward
lying face up
What is the sagittal plane, the transverse plane and the frontal plane?
Sagittal- passes vertically through the body or an organ and divides it into right and left portions
Median/midsagittal plane- divides the body or organ into equal halves
Frontal/Coronal Plane- divides the body between anterior and posterior portions.
Transverse Plane - divides the body between a superior portion and an inferior portion.
Toward the head
Toward the forehead or nose
Toward the tail or inferior end
On the same side of the body.
The liver is ipsalteral to the appendix
On opposite sides of the body
The cranial cavity cotnains the ___________ and is continous with the _____________. Both are lined with membrane layers called the ______________.
Brain; spinal cavity; meninges.
The mediastinum is the region between ____________ the lungs ____________ and contains which structures?
Between the lungs.............connains the heart, the thymus gland and the esophagus, and the trachea and bronchi.
What are viscera ?
A term for the inner organs
What does visceral and parietal mean?
Visceral refers to the inner layer membrane lining of an organ, such as the visceral pleura of the lungs.
Parietal refers to the outer layer membrane lining.
State the meaning of each prefix or root word:
Cardi = heart
Peri = around
Intra = within
Mes= in the middle
Enter = intestine
Omentum = covering
Epi= above, over
Ante = before