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Flashcards in General Orientation to Human Anatomy Deck (18)
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1

A person standing in anatomical position would have

their feet flat on floor, arms at the sides and the palms and face directed forward

2

Prone position

Lying facedown

3

Supine position

lying face up

4

What is the sagittal plane, the transverse plane and the frontal plane?

Sagittal- passes vertically through the body or an organ and divides it into right and left portions

Median/midsagittal plane- divides the body or organ into equal halves

Frontal/Coronal Plane- divides the body between anterior and posterior portions.

Transverse Plane - divides the body between a superior portion and an inferior portion. 

 

 

5

Cephalic 

Toward the head 

6

Rostral 

Toward the forehead or nose

7

Caudal 

Toward the tail or inferior end 

8

Ipsalateral 

On the same side of the body. 

The liver is ipsalteral to the appendix

9

Contralateral 

On opposite sides of the body 

10

The cranial cavity cotnains the ___________ and is continous with the _____________. Both are lined with membrane layers called the ______________. 

Brain; spinal cavity; meninges. 

11

The mediastinum is the region between ____________ the lungs ____________ and contains which structures?

Between the lungs.............connains the heart, the thymus gland and the esophagus, and the trachea and bronchi.

12

What are viscera ?

A term for the inner organs

13

What does visceral and parietal mean?

Visceral refers to the inner layer membrane lining of an organ, such as the visceral pleura of the lungs. 

Parietal refers to the outer layer membrane lining. 

14

State the meaning of each prefix or root word:

 

Cervic 

cardi

Peri

Cervic= neck

Cardi = heart 

Peri = around 

15

Peri 

Tone

Retro

Intra 

Mes

Enter

Omentum 

Peri= around 

Tone= stretched

Retro= behind

Intra = within 

Mes= in the middle

Enter = intestine

Omentum = covering 

16

Sub

Inter

hypo

Inguin

epi

ante

Gastr

Brachi 

Sub= below

Inter= between

Hypo= below

Inguin= groin

Epi= above, over

Ante = before

Gastr= stomach

Brachi= arm

17

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