Geog Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Geog Exam 2 Deck (56):
1

Perpetual Resources

Resources that are inexhaustible
Ex: Sun, Wind, etc.

2

How long will crude oil reserves hold?

-Global: 42-93 Years
-U.S.: 10-48 years

3

How long would the worlds oil reserves last if everyone used as much as the average american.

One Decade

4

Which fossil fuel is the most abundant

Coal

5

Whats a nearly perfect energy source?

Natural Gas

6

How much energy production was from wood in 1850 and now?

-1850: 90%
-Now: 3%

7

Sustainable Development

Satisfies current needs and jeopardizes future generations meeting there needs

8

Culture Trait

-Single distinguishing feature of a culture
-Smallest unit that can be studied

9

Environmental Determinism

Environment such as climate determined which cultures would advance

10

Possibilism

People not the environment are the forces behind culture

11

3 part structure of cultures

-Technological
-Sociological
-Ideological

12

Toponymy

Study of place names

13

3 great civilizations of Latin America

-Incas of Peru & S. America
-Mayans of C. America
-Aztecs of Mexico

14

Where did Inca population mainly live

The Peruvian Andes Mountains

15

When was the height of the Mayan civilization

600-900 AD

16

Where did the Aztecs live

Edge of Lake Texcoco
Present day Mexico City

17

When did Columbus land at the Bahamas?

1492
He thought he was in the Far East

18

How long did the Spanish Colonization last?

Over 400 years
1492-1898

19

Treaty of Tordesillas

Made by Pope Alexander VI to split Portugal and Spain

20

Who received there independence last within Latin America?

Carribeans

21

Who was known as "El Liberator" and :George Washington of South America"?

Simon Bolivar

22

What does the U.S. have against Cuba?

An economic embargo since 1961

23

Primary Language spoken in Brazil

Porugese

24

What two countries are the only English speaking countries in Central and South America?

Belize and Guyana

25

What is the dominant religion in Latin America?

Catholicism

26

Farkland War

Fought between Argentina and UK in 1982

27

3 interrelated parts of biosphere

-Troposphere
-Hydrosphere
-Lithosphere

28

Lake Chad

Africa's 2nd largest lake is now only 580 sq. miles due to drought and overuse

29

Global Water Usage

-78% Agriculture
-18% Industry
-4% Household

30

What percentage of Russian rivers are polluted

80%

31

How many of the worlds most polluted cities does China have?

16

32

Notable Diasporas

-Africans
-Jews
-Palestanians

33

Where is the highest rate of AIDS?

South Africa

34

What is the major mineral export from Nigeria

Petroleum

35

Where is the great rift valley located

Eastern Africa

36

1st sub-Saharan African country to gain independence?

Ghana

37

What percentage of slaves were imported into the Caribbean and S. America?

90%

38

Berlin Conference

Divide Africa between the major European colonial powers

39

Leading African economies

-South Africa
-Nigeria
-Angola

40

Nelson Mandela

Apartheid activist
Later became president of S. Africa
Won Nobel Peace Prize

41

What is the most populated country in Africa?

Nigeria

42

Who has the highest birth rate in the world?

Sub-Saharan Africa

43

Which three countries were the main carriers of the slave trade?

British
Portuguese
France

44

Epidemic vs Pandemic

Epidemic: Local or regional
Pandemic: Global

45

Antecedent vs Subsequent Boundaries

-Antecedent: Established before the area was well populated
-Subsequent: After the area has been established

46

Major river systems of middle east and africa

-Nile
-Tigris
-Euphrates

47

Majority of the worlds oil reserves are located in what 5 middle eastern countries?

-Saudi
-Iraq
-Kuwait
-UAE
-Iran

48

What are the two defining issues of the middle east?

Oil
Israeli-Palestinian conflict

49

Who has the largest oil reserves in the world?

Saudi

50

What is considered the holiest city in the world?

Jerusalem

51

Iran hostage crisis

Iran held 52 Americans hostage for 444 days

52

Most urbanized country in the middle east

Israel

53

Occupied Territories in Israel

-Gaza Strip
-West Bank
-East Jerusalem
-Golan Heights

54

Poorest country in the Middle East and N. Arica

Yemen

55

Largest city in Middle East and N. Africa

Cairo, Egypt

56

Largest Arab country by population

Egypt