Flashcards in Geog Exam 1 Deck (72):
4 characteristics of a map that are distorted to some degree based on projection used.
-The U.S. and Soviet Union struggled for control.
-Capitalism vs Communism
Post Industrial Period
-Globalization takes hold
-Manufacturing moves out of the industrialized nations into other world regions
Age of Religions
-Judaism = 4,000 years ago
-Hinduism = 3,000 years ago
-Buddhism = 2,500 years ago
-Christianity = 2,000 years ago
-Islam = 1,300 years ago
-An established political-economic and socio-cultural domination by a state over a separate society
-Found in Europe during 16th, 17th, & 18th centuries
-Government controlled industry and trade
-Domination over the world economy
-Exercised through economic, military, financial, and cultural means.
-Relationships that replaced colonialism
-The consolidation in the global economy and global culture
4 Economic Sectors
-Primary: Natural resources
-Tertiary: Services; Sales and exchange
-Quaternary: Information processing and handling
Minority population, Majority economic power
Majority population, Minority economic Power
-The spatial dispersion of a previously homogeneous group
-Emigration involving the involuntary/voluntary movement of people
-Notable diasporas: African, Jewish, Palestinian
-Derived from force and subjugation
-Derived from the support of the governed
-A situation in which the government is so weak it has little control over its territory
-Examples: Sudan, Somalia, Afghanistan, Iraq
-Occurs when the government of a country asserts that a minority living outside its borders belongs to it historically and culturally.
Maps: Small Scale vs Large Scale
-Covers large area
-Low level of detail
-Covers small area
-High level of detail
Latitude vs Longitude
-Angular distance north or south of the equator
-Angular distance east or west of the prime meridian
-Show a specific spatial distribution or category of data
How can features be represented on a map?
Mountain boundary between Asia and Europe
What is Europe's largest river?
4 Main Physiological Regions of Europe
-North European Lowlands
-Process by which larger states are broken up into smaller states.
-Particularly done around ethnic groups
-Mountains that form a natural border between France and Spain.
-Extend 270 miles from Bay of Biscay to Mediterranean Sea
Who has the 3rd largest population cluster?
Influences of Ancient Greece
-Established around 509 BCE
-Conquered Europe, North Africa, and Asia Minor
-Began declining in the 4th century
Most Highly Urbanized Region
-Europe (74% urban)
World War 1
-Entente powers: UK, France, Russian Empire
World War 2
-Central powers: German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Ottoman Empire, Kingdom of Bulgaria
-U.S. plan for rebuilding Europe after World War 2
-North Atlantic Treaty Organization
-Military alliance formed in 1949
-U.S, Canada, Most European counties, and Turkey
-An alliance of the Soviet Union and its European satellites
When did the Cold War end?
-In 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union
Which countries fared the best during the reintegration of the former soviet satellites?
-Economic and political union of 27 member states
-Officially created with the advent of the Maastricht Treaty in 1993
-2nd largest reserve currency
1st European emperor to convert to Chistianity
-Constantine the Great
Who's wealthier, western or eastern Europe?
-Known for it's neutrality in world wars
-Global banking center
Europe's 2nd most populous country
-Territorially the largest country in Europe
-Huge industrial complex
-Location of Chernobyl disaster of 1986
3 types of rocks
-Formed by the cooling and solidification of molten rock
-Composed of particles of gravel, sand, silt, and clay
-Formed from igneous and sedimentary rocks by earth forces that generate heat, pressure, or chemical reactions
How long ago was the Earth formed?
4.5 billion years
3 types of gradational processes
Russian Revolution of 1917
-Also known as Bolshevik Revolution
-Overturned 300 years of Tsarist rule from the Romanov family
Central Asia includes what 5 republics of the former Soviet Union
2 Important leaders of the Russian Revolution and the ensuing Soviet system
-Launched by Joseph Stalin
-Campaign to rid the communist party of 'undesirables'
-Resulted in 1,000,000 deaths
What are the 3 major conflicts in Central Asia and Transcaucasus
-Armenia & Turkey
-Chechnya & Russia
How far is the sun?
-About 93 million miles
3 types of precipitation
Largest non-Christian religion in the U.S.
5 largest cities in the U.S.
5 largest metropolitan areas in the U.S.
Current U.S. population
Urbanization rate of North America
Largest minority group in the U.S.
-U.S. governmental policy stating that European military interference in the western hemisphere would no longer be tolerated.
1st wave of immigration to the U.S was dominated by which two nationalities?
-Irish and German
2nd wave of immigration to the U.S was dominated by which two nationalities?
-Italians and Poles
3rd wave of immigration to the U.S was dominated by which two nationalities?
-Asian and Latin American
What are the 3 urban growth models?
-Multiple nuclei model
In 1910 what percentage of African Americans lived in the south?
When did the U.S. urban population reach 50%?