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Flashcards in Geog Exam 1 Deck (72):
1

4 characteristics of a map that are distorted to some degree based on projection used.

-Distance
-Direction
-Shape
-Area

2

Cold War

-(1945-1991)
-The U.S. and Soviet Union struggled for control.
-Capitalism vs Communism

3

Post Industrial Period

-(1980-present)
-Globalization takes hold
-Manufacturing moves out of the industrialized nations into other world regions

4

Age of Religions

-Judaism = 4,000 years ago
-Hinduism = 3,000 years ago
-Buddhism = 2,500 years ago
-Christianity = 2,000 years ago
-Islam = 1,300 years ago

5

Colonialism

-An established political-economic and socio-cultural domination by a state over a separate society

6

Mercantlisim

-Economic policy
-Found in Europe during 16th, 17th, & 18th centuries
-Government controlled industry and trade

7

Hegemony

-Domination over the world economy
-Exercised through economic, military, financial, and cultural means.

8

Neocolonial

-Relationships that replaced colonialism

9

Globalization

-The consolidation in the global economy and global culture
-Post 1980

10

4 Economic Sectors

-Primary: Natural resources
-Secondary: Manufacturing
-Tertiary: Services; Sales and exchange
-Quaternary: Information processing and handling

11

Global North

Minority population, Majority economic power

12

Global South

Majority population, Minority economic Power

13

Diaspora

-The spatial dispersion of a previously homogeneous group
-Emigration involving the involuntary/voluntary movement of people
-Notable diasporas: African, Jewish, Palestinian

14

Monarchical Power

-Derived from force and subjugation

15

Republican Power

-Derived from the support of the governed

16

Failed State

-A situation in which the government is so weak it has little control over its territory
-Examples: Sudan, Somalia, Afghanistan, Iraq

17

Irredentim

-Occurs when the government of a country asserts that a minority living outside its borders belongs to it historically and culturally.

18

Maps: Small Scale vs Large Scale

Small scale
-Covers large area
-Low level of detail

Large scale
-Covers small area
-High level of detail

19

Latitude vs Longitude

Latitude
-Horizontal lines
-Angular distance north or south of the equator

Longitude
-Vertical lines
-Angular distance east or west of the prime meridian

20

Thematic Maps

-Show a specific spatial distribution or category of data

21

How can features be represented on a map?

-Point
-Line
-Area

22

Mountain boundary between Asia and Europe

-Ural Mountains

23

What is Europe's largest river?

Volga River

24

4 Main Physiological Regions of Europe

-Northwestern Uplands
-Alpine System
-Central Plateaus
-North European Lowlands

25

Balkinization

-Process by which larger states are broken up into smaller states.
-Particularly done around ethnic groups

26

Pyrenees

-Mountains that form a natural border between France and Spain.
-Extend 270 miles from Bay of Biscay to Mediterranean Sea

27

Who has the 3rd largest population cluster?

-Europe

28

Influences of Ancient Greece

-Languages
-Politics
-Educational System
-Literature
-Philosophy
-Science
-Democracy
-Arts

29

Roman Empire

-Established around 509 BCE
-Conquered Europe, North Africa, and Asia Minor
-Began declining in the 4th century

30

Most Highly Urbanized Region

-Europe (74% urban)

31

World War 1

- 1914-1918
-Entente powers: UK, France, Russian Empire

32

World War 2

-1939-1945
-Central powers: German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Ottoman Empire, Kingdom of Bulgaria

33

Marshall Plan

-(1947-1951)
-U.S. plan for rebuilding Europe after World War 2

34

NATO

-North Atlantic Treaty Organization
-Military alliance formed in 1949
-U.S, Canada, Most European counties, and Turkey

35

Warsaw Pact

-An alliance of the Soviet Union and its European satellites

36

When did the Cold War end?

-In 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union

37

Which countries fared the best during the reintegration of the former soviet satellites?

-Poland
-Czechi
-Hungary
-Slovenia

38

European Union

-Economic and political union of 27 member states

39

Euro

-Officially created with the advent of the Maastricht Treaty in 1993
-2nd largest reserve currency

40

1st European emperor to convert to Chistianity

-Constantine the Great

41

Who's wealthier, western or eastern Europe?

Eastern Europe

42

Switzerland

-Known for it's neutrality in world wars
-Global banking center

43

Europe's 2nd most populous country

-Turkey

44

Ukraine

-Territorially the largest country in Europe
-Huge industrial complex
-Location of Chernobyl disaster of 1986

45

3 types of rocks

-Igneous
-Sedimentary
-Meamorphic

46

Igneous Rock

-Formed by the cooling and solidification of molten rock

47

Sedimentary Rock

-Composed of particles of gravel, sand, silt, and clay

48

Metamorphic Rock

-Formed from igneous and sedimentary rocks by earth forces that generate heat, pressure, or chemical reactions

49

How long ago was the Earth formed?

4.5 billion years

50

3 types of gradational processes

-Weathering
-Mass movement
-Erosion

51

Russian Revolution of 1917

-Also known as Bolshevik Revolution
-Overturned 300 years of Tsarist rule from the Romanov family

52

Central Asia includes what 5 republics of the former Soviet Union

-Kazakhstan
-Kyrgyzstan
-Tajikistan
-Turkmenistan

53

2 Important leaders of the Russian Revolution and the ensuing Soviet system

-Vladimir Lenin
-Joseph Stalin

54

Great Purge

-Launched by Joseph Stalin
-Campaign to rid the communist party of 'undesirables'
-Resulted in 1,000,000 deaths

55

What are the 3 major conflicts in Central Asia and Transcaucasus

-Armenia & Turkey
-Chechnya & Russia

56

How far is the sun?

-About 93 million miles

57

3 types of precipitation

-Orographic
-Frontal
-Convective

58

Greenhouse Gassses

-CO2
-Methane
-Nitrous Oxide

59

Largest non-Christian religion in the U.S.

-Judaism

60

5 largest cities in the U.S.

1-New York
2-L.A.
3-Chicago
4-Houston
5-Phoenix

61

5 largest metropolitan areas in the U.S.

1-New York
2-L.A.
3-Chicago
4-Dallas
5-Philadelphia

62

Current U.S. population

-310 million

63

Urbanization rate of North America

-82%

64

Largest minority group in the U.S.

-Hispanics

65

Monroe Doctrine

-U.S. governmental policy stating that European military interference in the western hemisphere would no longer be tolerated.

66

1st wave of immigration to the U.S was dominated by which two nationalities?

-Irish and German

67

2nd wave of immigration to the U.S was dominated by which two nationalities?

-Italians and Poles

68

3rd wave of immigration to the U.S was dominated by which two nationalities?

-Asian and Latin American

69

What are the 3 urban growth models?

-Concentric zone
-Sector model
-Multiple nuclei model

70

In 1910 what percentage of African Americans lived in the south?

-90%

71

When did the U.S. urban population reach 50%?

-1920

72

When did the U.S. suburban population reach 50%?

-2000