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GCSE Classical Civilisation - Sparta > Geographical Location > Flashcards

Flashcards in Geographical Location Deck (10):
1

What did Sparta's location allow them to do in relation to the rest of the world?

Isolate itself.

2

Was Sparta flat, mountainous, or rolling?

Mountainous.

3

Name of area that Sparta was? (smaller in bigger)

Laconia on the south-east of the Peloponnese.

4

How many villages did Sparta develop out of?

5, though earlier there were just 4.

5

Which river runs through Sparta?

The river Eurotas. (making the Eurotas vally!

6

What geographical feature was Sparta situated in? Be specific.

A valley bounded by mountains on the east and west sides.

7

Which mountain range rose to the west of Sparta, and to how many metres?

The Taygetus Range (where they exposed weak babies), which was 2,404 metres high.

8

Which mountain range rose to the east of Sparta, and to how many metres?

The Parnon Range, which was 1,935 metres high.

9

How did Sparta's geographical climate help the city state? Specific detail. (2)

Being surrounded by mountains, Sparta was easily defendable. Both mountain ranges could only be crossed by a series of narrow passes.
Furthermore, the coastline to the south was rugged and marshy; enemy invaders could not easily land there.
These natural defences made the Spartans feel they had no need for city walls.

10

What natural resources did the Spartans have? (2) Plus specific detail.

The river Eurotas, which ensured:
fertile farmland- olives and fish in plentiful supply.
Mountainous forests full of wild animals- hunting became central to Spartan life.