Flashcards in Germany Background 1918 Deck (20)
What was the triple alliance and who was in it?
It was an alliance formed in 1882 between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. They were to support each other if attacked either by France or Russia.
What was the triple entente and who was in it?
The loose alignment of Britain, France and Russia formed in 1907 in response to German expansion.
What was the armistice and when was it signed?
It signified the end of World War One and was signed November 11th 1918
Who were the November Criminals?
Name given to the socialist politicians who signed the armistice.
What is the meaning of Dolchstoss?
The stab in the back theory
Who were the Weimar Government?
The republic formed following the abdication of the Kaiser
What was the treaty of Versailles?
The Paris Peace conference of 1919 set up to deal with the defeated powers.
What was article 231?
The war-guilt clause- Germany accepted that they were responsible for WW1
Why did the occupation of the Ruhr occur?
Germany failed to pay reparations in 1923. This led to the occupation of Germany’s main coal, iron and steel production area
What caused the collapse of the German economy?
Passive resistance in the Ruhr which lead to hyperinflation
What was the Munich Putsch?
Hitler, Eric Ludendorff and Herman goering attempted to start a national revolution in 1923
Who was the leader of Germany in 1914?
Kaiser Wilhelm II
What did Kaiser Wilhelm II admire about Britain?
It’s navy and empire
What was the Schlieffen Plan?
The plan to attack through Belgium to then invade France quickly then invade Russia. This was so to avoid fighting on 2 fronts simultaneously
Who was Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
Heir to the Austrian Hungarian throne
How did WW1 start?
Archduke Franz Ferdinand died on 28th June 1914. Austria Hungary then declared war on Serbia as they thought they took part in the assassination. Russia declared war on Austria Hungary as Serbia is it’s ally. Germany then declare war on France and Russia. Germany enters Belgium, prompting Britain to declare war on Germany
When did America join the war?
What was happening to Germany in the war (1918)
German spring offensive of 1918 was initially successful, 50 miles from Paris. US, French, British forces counter attack and pushed the Germans back.
What was happening in Germany during the war? (1918)
Revolutionary atmosphere in Germany due to collapsing economy and failed offensive.
British blockade resulted in food shortages.
Socialism became more appealing.