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Flashcards in Gero Test 2 Deck (42)
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1

Test Selection Criteria 2

Practicality
Psychometric

2

Practicality testing criteria

-medical permission or supervision
-time
-personnel/expertise
-equiptment/space
-fatiguing
-meaningful to client

3

Psychometric testing crieria

-Reliability
-Validity (criterion, content, predictive)
-Discrimination power (floor vs ceiling too easy too hard. responsiveness)
-Performance standarts (norm ref. criterion ref)

4

Static Balance

sway envelope

5

Dynamic balance

mobility
posture

6

Postural control

Anticipitory
-avoid obstacles/adapt gait pattern
Reactive
-change occurs suddenly
3 strategies (ankle/hip/step)

7

Measures of balance

-static
-dynamic
-reactive postural control
-sensory integration
BERG BALANCE SCALE

8

Multidimensionality of balance

Proprioception
-somatosensory/visual/vestibular
Neuromuscular control
-muscle strength

9

Age related Changes that impair balance

-CNS
-Vision (light/depth)
-Somatosensation (vibratory thresh)
-Vestibular (vestibular ocular reflex)
-Sensory Conflict
-Motor Systems (perterbations dec strength/power/end)
-Cognitive System
-Gait
-Cadence/stride length
-Biological
-Behavioral
-Environmental
-Socioeconomic

10

Fear of Falling

-post fall syndrome
-Risk Factors (hx of falls, dizziness, mobility limiting conditions, self rated poor health)

11

Balance Efficacy Scale

-balance related self confidence
-identify specific tasks and environments adversly affect confidnce

12

Different Balance Tests

-Berg balance test
-Tinetti Mobility
-Functional Reach
-GETUP AND GO
-Fullerton advanced balance scale
-walki talki
-modified romberg static
-biodex balance trainer

13

Balance training progression

-Bilateral to unilateral
-eyes open to eyes closed
-stable to unstable

14

Fall proof program

-COG control
-Multisensory
-Postural strategy
-Gait pattern enhancement/variation
-strength and endurance
-flexibility

15

Phys changes of warm up

-active vs passive
INC
-O2 trans
-BF
-Nerve impulses
-metab
DEC
-musc viscosity
-pulmonary resistance

16

Guidelines of a warm up

-12 PE 9-10 talk test
-inc body temp 10-20 min low continuous mivm
-safe and effective ruth and exercise lets>arms smaller rom>larger rom progress and monitor
-safe environment
-engage socialy

17

Cool Down physiological changes

-DEC
-body temp
-HR
-VE
-Blood Pooling
-Catecholamines
-Muscle soreness
-recovery

18

Guidelines of cool down

-low intensity
-continuous
5-10 min
-small arm mivm
-flexibility
-relaxation
-reinforce social connections

19

Basic Outline

10min warm up
15 min wo 5 seated/standing/dynamic
5 cool down

20

Principles of Group Dynamics

-team purpose
-assimilate new memo
-feedback
-gender, diversity sensitivity
-injury prevention
-empowerment

21

Enhancing Enjoyment

-pleasure principle
-leadership style
-creativity (music accessories)
-variety (circuit training group event trips)

22

Aquatics Exercise

Properties/Considerations
-hydrostatic pressure HTN
-buyoancy
-viscosity
-safety
-accommodations
-instructions
-Equipment warmup
-Aerobic ex rpe
-resistance
-cooldown
-Ai chi flexibility

23

Aeorbic/aquatic endurance training

-improve health/function (CV musculoskel/metabolic)
-ADLs functional relevance
-independence
(walking dancing swimming)

24

Guidelines Safety Endurance training

-avoid extreme temp/terrain
-progress slowly
-adequate warm up cool down
-monitor intensity

25

Flexibility training

-Inc ROM/mobility/balance/ADLs
-Dec stiffness
-Critical ranges MINIMUM RANGE
-putting clothes on (overhead/back)
-walking
-climbing stairs
-getting on/off toilet

26

Guidelines Safety for Flexibility training

-target problem its
-emphasize good form
-move slowly
-gentle tension not px
-no jerks bounce forcing
-breathing

27

Resistance Training

-inc strength/power/health/function/balance/ADL/Musculoskeletal/metabolic/bodycomp
-single/multijt
-muscle balance
-functional relevance
-power/endurance training
-Equiptment (balls/bands/bw)

28

Guidelines Safety for Resistance Training

-proper technique and ins ruction
-min risk of inn
-proper progression/warm up
-breathing
-adequate recovery
-balance and mobility
-prevent falls
-ADLs walk, climb, carry

29

Balance Training Guidelines

-seated/standign/moving
-sensory integration
-postural srategies
-gait pattern
-chai/wall/ handholds nearby
-proper progression of challenge

30

Mind Body Training

-moving meditation (CV, musculoskeletal, metabolic, psychological
-Classic (quigong/tiachi/ hath a yoga)
-Contemporary (neuromuscular integrative action/ pilates/ felden kris method)

31

Guidelines Safety for Mindful body training

-anatomic alignment
-proprioceptive awareness
-lack of balance/control
AVOID
-fast transitions
-consecutive complex poses
-movm require strength/flex if not modified

32

Functional Relevance

ADLs
Specificity

33

Challenge

-task and environmental demand

34

Accommodation

-fluctuating pain
-Gen statement perform at best of ability, in charge of how much they push themselves

35

Neurological Changes affecting motor learning/program design

Dec cognitive function
-motor skill learning
-simple and choice reaction time
Dec memory and attention

36

Qualitative Analysis of skill

Cycle of
-preperation
-observation
-evaluation
-intervention

37

Motor skill learning

-practice
-improvement
-consistent
-permenent
-transfer capabiliy/assessment (transfer of learning (same mivm dif context)

38

Gentiles Stages of learning

1 Movement coordination pattern
-regulatory and non conditions
2 Fixation (closed skill or diversification (open skill)

39

Introduce New Skill Motor Learning Principles for instructors

-Verbal Instruction
-Demonstration (skilled vs unskilled)
-Feedback

40

Verbal Instruction

Instruction
-attention/memory span
-terminology
-focus of attention
-simplify
CUES
-direct attention
-reminders of critical features
-use prior demo

41

Demonstration

-effective communication
-vantage pt
-correct form
-actual speed

42

Augmented Feedback

-facilitates learning
-clarify correction
-motivation
-knowledge of results vs performance
-frequency