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Flashcards in GI Deck (33):
1

Thickened prevetebral space at C2-C4 on soft lateral film suggests what?

Retropharyngeal abscess

2

Dx of choice for toxic megacolon?

Plain radiography

3

What ages to administer the live varicella immunization?

12-15 months, 4-6 y/o

4

Where is uterine fundus palpable at 36 weeks?

Xiphoid process

5

Dendretic lesion of eye due to what?

Herpes keratitis

6

Which test for bladder stress incontinence?

Bladder stress test

7

Raised, scaly plaque which enlarges centrifugally?

Tinea corporis (ring worm)

8

Strawberry cervix due to which organism?

Trichomonas vaginalis

9

Immune to Hep B from vaccine antigen and antibody?

Surface antigen negative, surface antibody positive

10

How often colonoscopy 50-75?

every 10 years

11

MC cause of acute pancreatitis?

gallstones

12

Tx for bening esophageal strictures?

Esophageal dilation

13

Supplement vitamin D for baby if breastfeeding?

Yes. 400IU/day.

14

Dx for achalasia?

Esophageal manometry

15

Tx for esophageal stricture?

Dilation

16

MC cause of pancreatitis?

Gallstones

17

Repeat forceful retching can cause what type of tear?

Mallory weiss tear

18

MC cause of pruritus ani (anal itching) in kids?

pinworm

19

Tx for mild to moderate c diff?

metronidazole PO

20

Which sign is for retrocecal appendix?

psoas sign

21

Isoniazid causes which vitamin depletion?

B3

22

Tx for traveler’s diarrhea in preggers and kids?

Azithromycin

23

Tx for IBS constipation?

polyethene glycol

24

Pyloric stenosis has which type of alkalosis?

Metabolic alkalosis

25

What is Trousseau’s syndrome?

Tender migratory thrombophlebitis

26

Tender migratory thrombophlebitis aka

Trosseau’s syndrome

27

Anal fissure located where is concenring for underlying systemic illness?

Lateral anal fissure

28

Where does diverticulitis mainly occur?

sigmoid colon

29

Diverticulitis associated with what type of diet?

Low fiber diet

30

What type of diet is recommended after acute diverticulitis? For how long?

A low fiber diet is recommended after an episode of acute diverticulitis until the patient remains asymptomatic for 6 weeks

31

What is a pseudo-obstruction of the colon?

Obstruction seen on Xray but not on CT

32

Tx for pseudo-obstruction?

Colonic decompression/Neostigmine

33

Apple Core Sign is sign of what cancer?

Colorectal