What structure can be visualized in a sagittal scan plane, posterior to the left lobe of the liver, anterior to the aorta?
This 4 functions of the GI tract
- Hormone production
- Nutrition absorbtion
3 hormones secreted by GI system
CCK, Gastrin, and secretin
The GEJ has what appearance?
Round target shaped with peristalsis
List the levels/ parts of the stomach in order from most superior to most inferior.
- Pyloric sphincter
The structure that allows food to pass from the antrum of the stomach into the duodenum
What is the normal measurement range for the Bowel thickness?
Bowel has how many layers?
Rings alternate from hyperechoic to hypoechoic
Hepatic and splenic flexures; ascending, transverse, descending, colon, sigmoid, and rectum
Blood supply comes from…….
…..SMA, IMA, Branches of celiac access (GDA)
Helpful lab values
- Hemocult test- blood in stool
- Hematocrit – loss of blood
- WBC – detection of inflammatory processes
- Look for Peristalsis
- Have patient drink through straw
- Barium enema
- Look for hyperechoic/ hypoechoic alternating rings
- Lymphoma > Thickened walls
- Gastric cancer > Pathology may create “target or pseudokidney”
- Metastatic disease > Distended & filled with fluid
Located in the wall of anywhere in GI tract
The following types of Bezoar’s are made of what?
o Phytobezoar – Fruit and vegetable
o Trichobezoar- Hair
o Lactobezoar- Milk byproducts
Signs of Appendicitis
^ WBC, RLQ pain with rebound at McBurnet’s point
Signs of diverticulitis
LLQ pain, ^WBC, Fever
Large and slightly echogenic to hypoechoic mass, thinking of the gastric walls
Solid mass usually small hypoechoic and continuous with the muscular layer