Gingivitis Flashcards Preview

DMD 6350 Intro to Periodontics > Gingivitis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gingivitis Deck (12):
1

what are some common clinical changes from health to gingivitis> (Color, Contour, COnsistency, Bleeding, Exudate, Sulcus temp..)

-Color: Coral pink to red
-Contour: Edema blunts marginal tissue leading to loss of knife edge adaptation.
-Consistency: Tissue soft with pitting edema
-Bleeding: Positive
-Exudate: increased
-Temp: Increased.

2

What are the signs of gingivitis?

-Inflammation
-Presence of dental plaque
-No loss of attachment
-Reversibility on removal of plaque

3

What are some local contributing factors of gingivitis?

-Malocclusion
-Presence of appliances
-Overhanging restorations

4

What are the effects of puberty on gingivitis?

-Increased effect of steroid hormones.
-Increased inflammation in presence of small amounts of plaque.
-Modified further by local factors (caries, appliances)

5

What are the characteristics of Pyogenic Granuloma?

-Solitary capillary haemangioma.
-Painless mushroom like mass
-Arises from gingival margin or interproximal space.
-Happens in small amount of pregnant women and disappears post partum.

6

What are some drugs that cause drug-induced gingival enlargements?

-Anti-convulsants
-Immunosuupressant
-Calcium channel blockers.

7

With diabetes, gingivitis is best treated how?

Control of diabetes is better than plaque control.

8

What are some oral manifestations of leukemia associated gingivitis?

-Petichae
-Mucosal ulcers
-Gingival inflammation
-Gingival enlargement.

9

Linear gingival erythema is associated with what?

HIV

10

What is hereditary gingival fibromatosis?

Slowly growing genetic overgrowth of gingiva.
-Dense and fibrotic CT.

11

What is the 0, 1, 2, 3 Gingival index?

0: Normal
1: Mild inflammation
2: Moderate inflammation
3: Severe inflammation

12

What is the 0,1,2,3 Plaque index?

0: no plaque
1: No plaque visible to naked eye, but visible on probe.
2:Plaque visible to naked eye.
3:heavy accumulation of matter.