Giotto Flashcards

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1
Q

How did Giotto revolutionise Western European painting?

A
More realistic 
Used light and shade to create an illusion of depth
Got rid of the gold leaf background
Created natural compositions 
Deeply emotional paintings
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2
Q

What influenced Giotto

A

The Franciscans and their philosophy of Pantheism which humanism was complimentary to.
Their emotional sermons

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3
Q

What were the benefits of fresco

A

Large, quick, less expensive, useful didactic function

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4
Q

What is a giornato

A

The amount of painting an artist can get done in a day

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5
Q

Who was Giotto a pupil of

A

Cimabue

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6
Q

What was Giotto first major work

A

A fresco cycle (28 paintings) in the church of San Francesco in Assisi in Italy.

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7
Q

What was Giottos second major work

A

Decoration of the arena chapel in Padua.

Rich business man, Enrico Scroregni commissioned Giotto to decorate his family chapel to show their wealth and status

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8
Q

What was Giottos third major work

A

Cathedral of Santa Croce in Florence
Decorated two side chapels belonging to the Bardi and Peruzzi
Bardi: life of St Francis
Peruzzi: life of St John the Evangelist

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9
Q

What did Giotto design later in life?

A

The Campanile (bell tower) in Florence

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10
Q

When was Byzantine Art popular in Itsly?

A

13th and 14th centuries

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11
Q

Give five characteristics of Byzantine Art

A
Mosaics
Icons
Gold leaf backgrounds
Stylised folds in drapery
Formal, stiff poses
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12
Q

What was the major art style in Europe at Giottos time

A

International Gothic

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13
Q

Give 3 characteristics of the art style at Giottos time

A

Gold leaf backgrounds
Decoration and tiny detail
More realistic than Byzantine

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14
Q

When was the lamentation painted

A

1303-1306

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15
Q

Describe the composition of the Lamentation

A

All characters looking at Mary and Jesus, rocky outcrop leads there
Natural poses, even people with backs to us: realistic
Unlike the formal Byzantine and international gothic styles

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16
Q

Describe the emotional style of the Lamentation

A

Inspired by how the monks and priests told people to imagine stories from bible in their heads
Giotto wanted people to feel the emotion and be moved by it
Emotionally immediate

17
Q

Describe the dramatic poses of the Lamentation

A

St John: theoretical poses
Expressive of the emotion
Different to formal, stiff poses before

18
Q

Describe the facial expressions of the Lamentation

A

Angels in the sky
Women crying
Two faces very close together
Emotional focal point

19
Q

Describe the light and shade of the Lamentation

A

Solid bulky figures
Observed real drapery
Eg. Women in foreground

20
Q

Describe the background of the Lamentation

A

Natural compared to gold leaf
Real environment for figures
Craggy mountain cliff and dead tree

21
Q

Where are both of Giottos paintings located

A

Arena Chapel Padua

22
Q

When was The Kiss Of Judas painted

A

1303-1306

23
Q

Describe the subject matter of the Kiss Of Judas

A

Judas betrays Jesus with a kiss in centre, signal for Roman soldiers to arrest him
Roman soldiers crowd around with spears in air
Lots of action, St Peter cuts off ear of Malchus, servant of the high priest who ordered Jesus’ arrest

24
Q

Describe the composition of the Kiss Of Judas

A

Exact centre, Jesus and Judas
Loosely symmetrical, very centralised
Clubs and spears point to them

25
Q

Describe the dramatic poses of the Kiss Of Judas

A

Sweeping curve of Judas outstretched arm

Enveloping Jesus in his betrayal

26
Q

Describe the facial expressions of the Kiss Of Judas

A

Contrast between Jesus and Judas
Ape like and sinister, calm, serene and dignified
Calm centre of the paint8ng amongst chaos

27
Q

Describe the light and shade of the Kiss Of Judas

A

Cloaks

28
Q

Describe the natural background of the Kiss Of Judas

A

Deep blue sky