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Flashcards in Governmental Structure Deck (14)
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1

What does GR Elton argue?

Tudor politics depended on 'the sharing of power' - not all concentrated in one figure, but many sets of hierarchies (eg village elders, patriarchs within families, the monarch, lords...etc)

2

What does GR Elton note was central to Court politics?

Access and exclusion, as centred around the monarch's person

3

What did the monarch have the exclusive right to do?

Appoint their own chosen Council

4

What were the three elements of Tudor politics?

Parliament, Court, Council

5

What did Thomas Smith [contemporary c16th] say about Parliament?

'every Englishman is intended to be there present, either in person or by procuration and attorney’

6

What does GR Elton say Parliament was?

'premier point of contact between rulers and ruled,'

7

What function does GR Elton suggest Parliament had?

'stabilising mechanism', to satisfy aspirations of the ambitious without allowing them to interfere with king's power

8

What does Lawrence Stone note?

A mid-C17th 'crisis of the aristocracy', but which had much earlier roots and caused questioning of prestige as well as decline in material wealth

9

What does Lawrence Stone argue about prestige and titles?

There was an 'insatiable demand for honour and titles' - but as the number multiplied they became regarded as more empty, creating a paradox (worsened by social mobility and increasing competition for titles)

10

What does Edmund Dudley's 'The Tree of Commonwealth' (1509) argue?

Three tiers to the social order - kings/princes; knights/lords; common people

11

What does the 1547 Homily on Obedience emphasise?

The soical order as a 'most perfect order' ordained by God; thus treason as direct offense against god, but also could be interpreted as critique of social mobility

12

What was local governance often based upon?

Custom, rather than law - hence valuation of village elders and tradition

13

When was England finally fully mapped by cartographers?

Only during the reign of Elizabeth I

14

Sir John Lowther

Urged nobility to preserve their wealth, as "gentility and nobility of blood... is nothing else but a decent of riches”