grammar: what tense am I? Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in grammar: what tense am I? Deck (74):
1

What does
j'ai
mean?

I have

2

Just like in English, "J'ai" can be used to form the past tense:
je joue I play
j'ai joué I have played

how is "j'ai joué" pronounced?

"j'ai joué" is pronounced

zhay zhoo-ay

3

the ending "é" is like "ed" in English
It is called the past participle.

What would "arrivé" mean?

arrived

HOWEVER, you cannot use the word arrivé alone.
In English, you can say "I arrived" or "I have arrived"
In French "have" is NOT OPTIONAL.

4

What would "sauté" mean?

jumped

5

What would "plié" mean?

bended ( usually known as "bent")

6

What tense:
je saute

je saute -- present tense --- I jump

7

What tense:
j'ai sauté

j'ai sauté -- past tense --- I jumped

8

What tense:
j'ai chanté

j'ai chanté -- past tense --- I sang

9

What tense:
j'écoute

j'écoute -- present tense --- I listen

10

What tense:
j'ai écouté

j'ai écouté -- past tense --- I listened

11

What tense:
je n'ai pas écouté

je n'ai pas écouté -- past tense --- I did NOT listen

12

Some verbs use "u" instead of "é"
What do you think "perdu" means?

perdu=lost

13

Here is another past participle:
vu
Present tense is je vois. What does it mean?

vu = (have) seen (like "view")

14

What tense:
j'ai perdu le garçon

j'ai perdu le garçon = past tense = I lost the boy

15

What tense:
je perds le garçon

je perds le garçon = present tense = I lose the boy

16

What tense:
je te vois

je te vois = present tense = I see you

17

What tense:
je t'ai vu

je t'ai vu = past tense = I saw you

18

What tense:
je ne t'ai pas vu

je ne t'ai pas vu = past tense = I didn't see you

19

What tense:
je t'ai vu dans la voiture

je t'ai vu dans la voiture = past tense
= I saw you in the car

20

REVIEW:
What is the verb after "j'ai" called?

a past participle

21

REVIEW:
What are two common forms for past participles?
(i.e., what endings)

é OR u

22

REVIEW:
What word is missing:
j'_____ chanté

j'_ai_ chanté

23

translate:
on a trouvé un mur

we found a wall (past tense)

24

translate:
il a vendu un perroquet

he sold a parrot (past tense)

25

translate:
il a acheté un perroquet

he bought a parrot (past tense)

26

translate:
il l'a acheté dans une animalerie

he bought it at a pet store (past tense)

27

translate:
il me l'a donné

he gave it to me (past tense)

28

translate:
vous m'avez bien aidé

you helped me a lot (past tense)

29

REVIEW:
participles can end with which 3 vowels?

é, u, i

30

REVIEW
participles require which helping verb?

have OR is
j'ai, tu as, il a
je suis, tu es, il est

31

Here is a different past tense:
les animaux qui vivaient ici
What is important to notice about the ending of the verb?

AI - pronounced "ay"

32

les animaux qui vivaient ici
"vivaient" means "used to live" or "were living"
this is called the "imperfect"
How many words are needed for the imperfect past?

just one -- with a AI in the ending

33

"était" is an example of the imperfect.
It simply means "was".
Translate:
Les enfants étaient émerveillés.

The children were amazed.

34

translate:
Ce zoo était célebré

The zoo was famous

35

"venir" means "come".
Translate:
On venait de tres loin

They used to come from far away.

36

Translate:
Les animaux étaient traités avec respect.

The animals were treated with respect.

37

"avoir" means "to have".
What does "avait" mean?

used to have
OR was having

38

j'avais plus de modeles

I used to have a lot of models

39

When you use "avait" as a helper verb with a participle, you get "had" instead of "have".
On avait oublié le zoo.

People had forgotten the zoo.

40

Translate:
Il était le préferé des enfants.

He was the children's favorite.

41

Translate:
je l'avais peint une fois

I had painted him once.

42

Translate:
Il était l'âme de ce zoo.

He was the soul/spirit of the zoo.

43

"vouloir" means "to want".
What is
Je voulais que chacun vive

I wanted each one to live.

44

"vais/vas/va" means "go", like in vas-y!
What do you think "va à marcher" means?
(past, present, or future?)

va à marcher = is going to walk/march

45

vais abandonner

I am going to abandon

46

TENSE REVIEW
je marchais

imperfect -- I was marching, or I used to march

47

TENSE REVIEW
je marche

present -- I march

48

TENSE REVIEW
j'ai marché

past (perfect) -- I marched or I have marched

49

TENSE REVIEW
je vais marché

future -- I am going to march

50

translate:
c'est moi qui vais abandonner ce zoo

It's me that will abandon this zoo

51

translate:
vous n'allez pas l'abandonner

You will not abandon it

52

translate:
demander quand tu vas reapparaitre

ask when you will reappear

53

translate:
je suis passé de l'autre côté

I got to the other side
suis + participle

54

translate:
le mur qu'on a trouvé

the wall we found

55

translate:
je vais avoir besoin de vous

I'm going to need you

56

translate:
voilà ce qu'on va faire

Here's what we're gonna do

57

translate:
on a tous gardé le secret

Everybody kept the secret

58

translate:
je ne sais pas ce qu'ils nous cachent tous

I don't know what they're all hiding from us

59

A NEW TENSE
méritera ....hmmmm....

This is the "real" future tense.
You use the infinitive (mériter) and add endings.

60

The participle of "to be" is
été
What is it in ENGLISH?

Hint: think "I have...."

I have been

61

So how do you say "I have been" in French?

j'ai été

62

Translate:
j'ai été hereuse

I have been happy

63

Translate:
je n'ai jamais été si hereuse

I have never been so happy

64

How are these different:
elle est
elle était
elle a été
elle va être

elle est = She is
elle était = She was
elle a été = She has been
elle va être = She will be

65

What does "a" mean in "il y a"

"a" = have

66

"avoir" is the infinitive form of "a"
what is "il va y avoir"

There will be
There's gonna be

67

Translate:
il va y avoir une naissance

There will be a birth

68

The participle of "avoir" is "eu"
How is it pronounced

"euh" (yeah, sort of)

69

What is "eu" in English? (Remember, use the helper verb in English to figure it out)

"eu" = "had"
(I have had...)

70

So "I have had" is what in French?

j'ai eu

71

Translate:
j'ai eu envie de ....

I wanted to

72

What about
"il y a eu un zoo"

There was a zoo

73

What about
"il y avait un zoo"
What tense do you think "avait" is?

"avait" is imperfect past.

74

When to use "il y a eu" vs. "il y avait" is tricky.
We'll deal with it later.

:)