GRE Week 1 - Sheet1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE Week 1 - Sheet1 Deck (385):
1

Abate

To subside; to reduce

2

Abet

help/encourage somebody (in doing wrong)

3

Abnegate

To deny oneself things; to reject; to renounce

4

Abridge

To shorten; to condense

5

Abrogate

repeal or annul by authority

6

Absolute

Total; unlimited; perfect

7

Abstemious

sparing in eating and drinking; temperate

8

Abut

border on

9

Acarpous

effete no longer fertile worn out

10

Accretion

the growing of separate things into one

11

Address

To speak to; to direct ones attention to

12

Agog

eager/excited

13

Alcove

recess/partially enclosed place

14

Allege

To assert without proof

15

Allocate

To distribute; to assign; to allot

16

Altruism

Selflessness; generosity; devotion to the interests of others

17

Amalgamate

combine; unite in one body

18

Ambivalent

Undecided; neutral; wishy-washy

19

Amnesty

An official pardon for a group of people who have violated a law or policy

20

Anachronism

Something out of place in time or history; an incongruity

21

Analogous

comparable

22

Antidote

medicine used against a poison or a disease

23

Antithesis

The direct opposite

24

Apartheid

The abhorrent policy of racial segregation and oppression in the Repubic of South Africa

25

Aphorism

A brief often witty saying; a proverb

26

Apocalypse

A prophetic revelation especially one concerning the end of the world

27

Apocryphal

Of dubious authenticity; fictitious; spurious

28

Appreciate

To increase in value

29

Apprise

inform

30

Archetype

An original model or pattern

31

Argot

jargon slang

32

Aristocratic

Of noble birth; snobbish

33

Artifice

A clever trick; cunning ;

34

Aseptic

surgically clean

35

Asterisk

the mark * (e.g.. omitted letters)

36

Astringent

substance that shrinks

37

Astute

Shrewd; keen in judgment ;

38

Atonement

repayment death of Jesus

39

Attrition

Gradual wearing away weakening or loss; a natural or expected decrease in numbers of size

40

Audacity

Boldness; reckless daring; impertinence ;

41

August

majestic venerable

42

Auspicious

Favorable; promising; pointing to a good result

43

Aver

assert confidently or declare; as used in law, state formally as a fact

44

Avid

eager greedy

45

Banal

Unoriginal; ordinary

46

Bedizen

to adorn especially in a cheap showy manner

47

Beguile

mislead or delude; cheat; pass time

48

Belittle

To make to seem little; to put someone down

49

Belligerent

Combative; quarrelsome; waging war

50

Beneficen

kindly; doing good

51

Bereaved

Deprived or left desolate especially through death

52

Blandness

polite manner comforting uninteresting

53

Boggle

To hesitate as if in fear or doubt

54

Bombastic

pompous; using inflated language

55

Brazen

made of brass

56

Brittle

easily broken

57

Brook

to tolerate endure

58

Brummagem

Cheap and showy

59

Cacophony

Harsh-sounding mixture of words voices or sounds

60

Cadence

Rhythm the rise and fall of sounds

61

Calisthenics

exercises to develop strong bodies

62

Callow

Immature

63

Candor

Truthfulness; sincere honesty

64

Cant

insincere talk/jargon

65

Capitulate

To surrender; to give up or give in

66

Capricious

Unpredictable; like to change at any moment

67

Catalyst

In chemistry~; anyone or anything that makes something happen without being directly involved in it

68

Catharsis

Purification that brings emotional relief or renewal

69

Centurion

leader of a unit of 100 soldiers

70

Charisma

A magical-seeming ability to attract followers or inspire loyalty

71

Chastened

corrected punished

72

Chauvinist

a blindly devoted patriot

73

Chicanery

Trickery; deceitfulness; artifice; especially legal or political

74

Circumscribe

To draw a line around; to set the limits; to define; to restrict.

75

Circumvent

To frustrate as though by surrounding

76

Civil

Polite; civilized; courteous

77

Cling

to resist separation

78

Coagulate

thicken; congeal; clot

79

Coda

concluding section of a musical or literary composition; summarizes or concludes

80

Coeval

of the same period coexisting

81

Cogitate

think deeply mediate

82

Cognizant

Aware; conscious

83

Coherent

Holding together; making sense

84

Cohort

a group or band of people

85

Compelling

Forceful; causing to yield

86

Compunction

feeling of regret for one's action

87

Conceit

over-high opinion of too much pride

88

Confluence

A flowing together especially of rivers; place where they begin to flow together

89

Confound

confuse; puzzle

90

Congenial

Agreeably suitable; pleasant

91

Congenital

A trait or condition acquired between conception and birth; innate

92

Consequential

pompous self important

93

Console

give comfort or sympathy to

94

Conspicuous

easily seen remarkable

95

Constrict

make tight or smaller

96

Consume

get to the end of

97

Contentious

Argumentative; quarrelsome

98

Contrite

Admitting guilt; especially feeling remorseful

99

Convoke

call together summon

100

Corroboration

additional strengthening evidence

101

Covet

to wish for enviously

102

Cower

crouch shrink back

103

Coy

shy/modest (esp of a girl)

104

Crass

very great (es. stupidity)

105

Cravat

piece of linen worn as a necktie

106

Crease

line made by crushing white line on the ground in cricket

107

Cryptic

mysterious; mystifying; clandestine mysterious;

108

Culinary

relating to cooking or the kitchen

109

Culminate

to climax; to reach full effect

110

Culpable

deserving blame; guilty

111

Curriculum

course of study

112

Cynic

one who deeply distrusts human nature; one who believes humans are motivated only by selfishness

113

Debilitate

to weaken; to cripple

114

Decimate

to kill or destroy a large part of 10:1

115

Decorum

propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners

116

Deduce

to conclude from evidence; to infer

117

Deferential

showing respect

118

Degenerate

to break down; to deteriorate

119

Delude

to deceive

120

Demur

to hesitate raise objections

121

Deplete

use until none remains

122

Derivative

unoriginal; obtained from another source

123

Derogatory

disapproving; degrading

124

Desiccant

substance used to absorb moisture

125

Desuetude

cessation of use disuse

126

Detraction

slandering verbal attack aspersion

127

Deviance

being different in moral standards (from normal)

128

Diabolical

having the qualities of a devil

129

Disallow

refuse to allow or accept as a correct

130

Discourse

speech lecture

131

Discrepancy

lack of consistency; difference

132

Discrete

unconnected; separate; distinct

133

Discriminate

to notice or point out the difference between two or more things; to discern; to differentiate ;

134

Dismal

sad gloomy miserable

135

Dissemble

speak or behave so as to hide something (in mind)

136

Dissent

have a different opinion refuse to assent

137

Distend

to swell; to extend a great deal

138

Distraught

distracted violently upset in mind

139

Drowsiness

feeling sleepy half asleep

140

Ebullience

exuberance outburst of feeling

141

Eddy

circular or spiral movement (e.g.. of wind)

142

Edible

fit to be eaten/not poisonous

143

Efficacy

power to produce desired effect

144

Egocentric

A selfish; believing that one is the center of everything

145

Elusive

Adj hard to pin down; evasive

146

Emaciate

make thin and weak

147

Emote

stir up excite

148

Enigma

N a mystery riddle

149

Enzyme

catalyst

150

Epitome

N a brief summary that captures the meaning of the whole; the perfect example of something; a paradigm ;

151

Equanimity

N composure; calm

152

Equitable

Adj fair

153

Eschew

avoid

154

Euthanasia

easy and painless death

155

Evasive

tending to evade

156

Excoriation

severe criticism

157

Expedite

V to speed up or ease the progress of

158

Expiation

ending expiring

159

Expostulate

argue earnestly to dissuade correct or protest

160

Expurgate

to remove obscenity purify censor

161

Extort

obtain by threats violence

162

Fawn

To seek favor or attention by flattery and obsequious

163

Feint

pretend

164

Ferret

discover by searching search

165

Fetter

V to restrain; to hamper

166

Figurehead

carved image on the prow of a ship

167

Finesse

N skillful maneuvering; subtlety; craftiness

168

Fledged

able to fly trained experienced

169

Floe

a sheet of floating ice

170

Fragile

easily injured broken or destroyed

171

Froward

intractable not willing to yield or comply stubborn

172

Frugality

thrift; economy

173

Garble

make unfair selection from facts

174

Garner

to gather and save to store up

175

Garrulous

a talkative; chatty

176

Gouge

overcharge; tool for cutting grooves in wood

177

Grievous

causing grief or pain serious dire grave

178

Gullible

easily deceived

179

Heinous

odious (of crime)

180

Hoax

mischievous trick played to deceive

181

Hoodwink

trick mislead

182

Hospitable

liking to give hospitality

183

Immutable

a unchangeable

184

Imperial

a like an emperor or an empire

185

Impermeable

impervious; not permitting passage through its substance

186

Imperviousness

haughty arrogant commanding

187

Impiety

lack of reverence or dutifulness

188

Implici

understood but not stated

189

Impotent

a powerless ; helpless ; unable to perform sexual intercourse

190

Impromptu

without preparation

191

Impugn

v to attack especially to attack the truth or integrity of something

192

Inasmuch

since because

193

Inchoate

not yet fully formed rudimentary elementary

194

Inchoate adj.

recently begun; rudimentary; elementary

195

Incipient

a beginning ; emerging

196

Incise

engrave make a cut in

197

Incumbents

official duties

198

Indifferent

a not caring one way or the other ; apathetic ; mediocre

199

Indigenous

a native ; originating in that area

200

Indomitable

not easily discouraged or subdued

201

Ineffable

a incapable of being expressed or described

202

Ineluctable

certain inevitable

203

Inert

a inactive ; sluggish ; not reacting chemically

204

Infamous

a shamefully wicked ; having an extremely bad reputation ; disgraceful

205

Infatuated

a foolish ; foolishly passionate or attracted ; made foolish ; foolishly in love

206

Ingest

take in by swallowing

207

Inherent

a part of the essential nature of something ; intrinsic

208

Inscrutable

incapable of being discovered or understood

209

Interdict

prohibit forbid

210

Intractable

a uncontrollable ; stubborn ; disobedient

211

Intrinsic

a part of the essential nature of something ; inherent

212

Introspection

examining one's own thoughts and feelings

213

Introvert

one who turns towards himself

214

Irresolute

uncertain how to act; weak

215

Itinerant

a moving from place to place

216

Itinerary

plan of a trip

217

Jejune

insubstantial/dull/immature

218

Jocular

meant as a joke

219

Kibosh

block, halt, stop

220

Laconic

a using few words especially to the point of seeming rude

221

Lassitude

languor; weariness

222

Lethargic

drowsy; dull

223

Lethargy

n sluggishness ; laziness ; drowsiness ; indifference

224

Libertine

immoral person

225

Lien

legal claim until a debt on it is repaid

226

Limn

paint portray

227

Lucubrate

write in scholarly fashion

228

Luculent

easily understood lucid clear

229

Lumber

move in a clumsy/noisy way

230

Luminous

a giving off light ; glowing ; bright

231

Macabre

gruesome suggesting death

232

Magnanimity

Generosity

233

Maudlin

a silly and overly sentimental

234

Maul

hurt by rough handling

235

Mephitic

Poisonous; noxious

236

Mesmerize

hypnotize

237

Mettle

quality of endurance or courage

238

Microcosm

n the world in miniature

239

Mien

demeanor

240

Misanthropic

a hating mankind

241

Muffler

cloth worn round the neck/silencer

242

Multifarious

varied motley greatly diversified

243

Munificent

a very generous ; lavish lavish

244

Myopia

a nearsightedness ; lack of foresight ;

245

Narcissism

n excessive love of ones body or oneself

246

Nefarious

a evil ; flagrantly wicked

247

Nepotism

n showing favoritism to friends of family in business or politics

248

Noisome

offensive disgusting (smell)

249

Nonchalant

not having interest

250

Nostalgia

n sentimental longing for the past ; homesickness; homesickness

251

Noxious

a harmful ; offensive ;

252

Nugatory

trifling/worthless

253

Obdurate adj.

stubborn

254

Oblique

a indirect ; at an angle ;

255

Obloquy

abusively detractive language sharp criticism vituperation

256

Obscure

a unknown ; hard to understand ; dark

257

Odious

repulsive hateful

258

Opprobrium

infamy; vilification

259

Ostensible

a apparent but misleading ; professed

260

Ostracism

shut out from society refuse to meet talk

261

Pacify

v to calm someone down ; to placate

262

Palaver

To flatter; to cajole

263

Palliate

v to relieve or alleviate something without getting rid of the problem ; to assuage ; to mitigate

264

Palpitate

tremble beat rapidly and irregularly

265

Paradox

n a true statement or phenomenon that nonetheless seems to contradict itself ; an untrue statement or phenomenon that nonetheless seems logical

266

Parochial

a narrow or confined in point of view ; provincial

267

Parody

n a satirical imitation

268

Patron

regular customer person who gives support

269

Penurious

poor/stingy

270

Perjury

n lying under oath

271

Personable

pleasing in appearance attractive

272

Perspicacity

quick judging and understanding

273

Pervasive

spread throughout

274

Philanthropy

n love of mankind especially by doing good deeds

275

Philistine

n a smugly ignorant person with no appreciation of intellectual or artistic matters

276

Pied

of mixed colors

277

Piety

devoutness; reverence for God

278

Pillage

plunder (especially in war)

279

Pique

hurt the pride or self-respect stir (curiosity)

280

Platitude

n a dull or trite remark ; a cliché

281

Plumb

get to the root of

282

Plunge

move quickly suddenly and with force

283

Precursor

n forerunner ; something that goes before and anticipates or paves the way for whatever it is that follows

284

Preempt

v to seize something by prior right

285

Prerogative

n a right or privilege connected exclusively with a position a person a class a nation or some other group or classification

286

Privation

hardship

287

Proclivity

inclination

288

Profess

v to declare; to declare falsely or pretend

289

Prolific

a abundantly productive; fruitful or fertile

290

Prolix

tiring because too long

291

Propitiate

appease

292

Protract

v to prolong prolong

293

Prudence

careful forethought

294

Pucker

wrinkle

295

Puerile

childish

296

Pugnacious

fond of in the habit of fighting

297

Punctilious

Meticulous

298

Pungency

sharpness stinging quality

299

Putative

a commonly accepted; supposed; reputed

300

Quack

person dishonestly claiming to something

301

Qualitative

a having to do with the quality or qualities of something as opposed to the quantity

302

Qualm

feeling of doubt temporary feeling of sickness

303

Quandary

state of doubt or perplexity

304

Quiescent

at rest; dormant; temporarily inactive

305

Quotidian

banal everyday

306

Rabble

mob crowd the lower classes of populace

307

Reciprocal

a mutual; shared; interchangeable mutual

308

Recrimination

n a bitter counteraccusation or the act of making a bitter counteraccusation

309

Refractory

stubborn; unmanageable

310

Relinquish

v to release or let go of; to surrender; to stop doing

311

Renowned

celebrated famous

312

Reparation

n paying back; making amends; compensation ;

313

Resilience

quality of quickly recovering the original shape

314

Restive

refusing to move reluctant to be controlled

315

Retard

check hinder

316

Reticence

uncommunicativeness

317

Retrospective

Looking back on past

318

Revere

v to respect highly; to honor

319

Rife

widespread

320

Rift

split crack dissension

321

Sacrilege

n a violation of something sacred; blasphemy

322

Sadastic

Cruel

323

Salutary

a healthful; remedial; curative

324

Salvage

the saving of property from loss

325

Savor

enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality

326

Sawdust

tiny bits of wood

327

Scabbard

sheath for the blade

328

Secular

a having nothing to do with religion or spiritual concerns

329

Sedulous

persevering

330

Sequester

v to set or keep apart ;

331

Servile

submissive and subservient; like a servant

332

Shard

fragment, generally of pottery

333

Skit

short piece of humorous writing

334

Slander

to speak badly about someone publicly; to defame; to spread malicious rumor

335

Slate

king of blue-grey stone propose criticize

336

Sober

self-controlled

337

Solvent

not broke or bankrupt; able to pay ones bills

338

Somatic

of the body

339

Sophisticated

complex subtle refined

340

Spear

weapon with a metal point on a long shaft

341

Specious

deceptively plausible or attractive

342

Spectrum

colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism

343

Splenetic

bad-tempered irritable

344

Spurious

false; fake false fake

345

Squalid

foul filthy

346

Squat

crouch/settle without permission

347

Steeply

rising or falling sharply

348

Stentorian

extremely loud and powerful

349

Sublime

awesome; extremely exalted; lofty; majestic

350

Substantiate

establish by evidence; verify; support

351

Subtle

not obvious; able to make fine distinctions; ingenious; crafty

352

Succor

assistance relief in time of distress

353

Summarily

briefly without delay

354

Surrogate

substitute

355

Synthesis

the combing of parts to form a whole ;

356

Taciturn

untalkative by nature

357

Tangential

only superficially related to the matter at hand; not especially relevant; peripheral ;

358

Tantamount

equivalent to

359

Taunt

contemptuous reproach hurtful remark

360

Tautology

a repetition a redundancy

361

Tawdry

cheap gaudy showy tacky

362

Tenable

defensible as in ones position in an argument; capable of being argued successfully; valid

363

Tenet

a shared principle or belief

364

Tocsin

a signal, especially of alarm

365

Topple

be unsteady and overturn

366

Tractable

easily controlled or guided

367

Transcend

to go beyond or above; to surpass

368

Transgress

to violate a law; to sin violate

369

Trenchant

forceful effective vigorous extremely perceptive incisive

370

Turpitude

shameful wickedness; depravity

371

Turquoise

greenish-blue precious stone

372

Urbane

poised; sophisticated; refined

373

Veer

change direction

374

Venerate

to revere; to treat as something holy especially because of great age

375

Verbose

using too many words; not succinct; circumlocutory

376

Veritable

real rightly named

377

Vindictive

seeking revenge

378

Virtuoso

a masterful musician; a masterful practitioner in some other field

379

Virulent

extremely poisonous; malignant; full of hate

380

Visionary

a dreamer; someone with impractical goals or ideas about the future

381

Voluptuous

arousing sensual pleasures

382

Waft

scent waving movement carry lightly through

383

Warmonger

person who stirs up war

384

Wend

to go proceed

385

Zealot

fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal