GRE Week 4 - Sheet1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GRE Week 4 - Sheet1 Deck (385):
1

Aberration

Something not typical; a deviation from the standard

2

Abjure

promise or swear to give up

3

Abortive

Unsuccessful

4

Abscond

depart secretly and hide

5

Abstract

Theoretical; impersonal

6

Abstruse

Hard to understand

7

Accost

To approach and speak to someone

8

Acerbic

Bitter; sour; severe

9

Acrimonious

Full of spite; bitter; nasty

10

Adulterate

To contaminate; to make impure

11

Affinity

Sympathy; attraction; kinship; similarity

12

Affluent

Rich; prosperous

13

Agenda

Program; the things to be done

14

Allegiance

duty support loyalty

15

Ambiguous

Unclear in meaning; confusing; capable of being interpreted in different ways

16

Ambivalence

the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes

17

Amortize

end (a debt) by setting aside money

18

Analogy

A comparison of one thing to another; similarity similarity

19

Anecdote

A short account of a humorous or revealing incident

20

Anomaly

An aberration; an irregularity; a deviation ;

21

Apt

well-suited quick-witted

22

Arbiter

One who decides; a judge

23

Arcane

Mysterious; known only to a select few mysterious

24

Archaic

Extremely old; ancient; outdated

25

Ardor

enthusiasm

26

Arduous

Hard; difficult

27

Artless

without guile; open and honest

28

Ascertain

get to know

29

Assiduous

Hardworking; busy; quite diligent

30

Attenuate

make thinner

31

Augury

omen sign

32

Avarice

Greed; excessive love of riches

33

Awry

Off course; twisted to one side ;

34

Balk

obstacle purposely to get on the way of

35

Barren

not good enough unable to have young ones without value

36

Beatify

to bless make happy or ascribe a virtue to

37

Belabor

To go over repeatedly or to an absurd extent

38

Bellicose

inclined to fighting

39

Berate

scold sharply

40

Beset

Harass; to surround

41

Blandishment

flattery coaxing

42

Blithe

Carefree; cheerful

43

Bogus

sham counterfeit not genuine

44

Boisterous

loud noisy rough lacking restraint

45

Brash

hasty rush cheeky saucy

46

Bucolic

Charmingly rural; rustic; country like

47

Cajole

To persuade someone to do something he or she doesn't want to do

48

Catholic

Universal; embracing everything

49

Cerebral

Brainy; intellectually refined

50

Charlatan

Fraud; quack; con man

51

Chary

cautious wary

52

Chastise

To inflict punishment on; to discipline

53

Clot

half-solid lump formed from liquid

54

Cognitive

Dealing with how we know the world around us through our senses; mental

55

Collusion

Conspiracy; secret cooperation

56

Commemorate

keep the memory of

57

Complement

To complete or fill up; to be the perfect counterpart

58

Comprise

To consist of; to be composed of cf constitute compose

59

Conciliatory

Making peace; attempting to resolve a dispute through goodwill

60

Concoct

invent, prepare by mixing together

61

Condone

To overlook; to permit to happen

62

Conjecture

To guess; to deduce or infer on slight evidence

63

Conjure

To summon or bring into being as if by magic

64

Connote

Suggest or imply in addition to the precise, literal meaning

65

Conviction

convincing firm belief

66

Corollary

something that follows; a natural consequence

67

Coup

a brilliant victory or accomplishment; the violent overthrow of a government by a small internal group ;

68

Cursory

hasty; superficial

69

Dangle

hand or swing loosely

70

Daunt

to make fearful; to intimidate

71

Decorous

proper; in good taste; orderly

72

Decree

order given by authority

73

Decry

disapprove of

74

Defame

to libel or slander; to ruin the good name of

75

Defer

postpone

76

Denouement

an outcome or solution the unraveling of a plot

77

Derision

ridicule mockery deriding

78

Descry

catch sight of see something in the distance

79

Deter

discourage hinder

80

Didactic

intended to teach; morally instructive; pedantic

81

Diffidence

Shyness

82

Diffident

timid; lacking in self-confidence

83

Dilate

speak comprehensively become wider large

84

Dirge

Lament with music

85

Discomfit

confuse embarrass

86

Discountenance

refuse to approve of

87

Discredit

defame; destroy confidence in; disbelieve

88

Discreet

prudent; judiciously reserved

89

Disseminate

to spread the seeds of something; to scatter; to make widely known

90

Dissipate

to thin out drift away or dissolve; to cause to thin out drift away or dissolve; to waste or squander

91

Dissolution

the breaking up or dissolving of something into parts; disintegration

92

Distinguish

to tell apart; to cause to stand out

93

Divergence

getting farther apart from a point

94

Divestiture

taking off getting rid of giving up

95

Docile

easily taught; obedient; easy to handle

96

Doctrinaire

inflexibly committed to a doctrine or theory without regard to its practicality; dogmatic

97

Dogmatic

arrogantly assertive of unproven ideas; stubbornly claiming that something often a system of beliefs is beyond dispute

98

Dormant

A inactive; as though asleep; asleep ~volcano ~window

99

Droll

jesting

100

Drone

male bee person who isn't self-employed

101

Dud

no use person something that fails

102

Dulcet

melodious harmonious

103

Dullard

a stupid, insensitive person

104

Duress

threats to compel somebody

105

Dwarf

person much smaller the usual size

106

Earthenware

dishes made of baked clay

107

Eclat

Great brilliance, as of performance or achievement

108

Effluvia

outflow in a stream of particles a noxious odor or vapor

109

Effrontery

impudence; shameless boldness; sheer nerve; presumptuousness

110

Elicit

Vt to bring out; to call forth ~a laugh from ~a reply

111

Eloquence

fluent speaking skillful use of language

112

Empirical

Adj relying on experience or observation; not merely theoretical

113

Encomium

warm or glowing praise eulogy panegyric

114

Encumbrance

burden things that get on the way of

115

Endeavor

to make an effort, to try very hard

116

Enervate

V to reduce the strength or energy of especially to do so gradually

117

Engender

V to bring into existence; to create; to cause produce ment

118

Enmity

hatred being an enemy

119

Enormity

N extreme evil; a hideous offense; immensity

120

Epigram

N a brief and usually witty or satirical saying

121

Equivocate

lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth

122

Esoteric

Adj hard to understand; understood by only a select few; peculiar

123

Ethereal

Adj heavenly as light and insubstantial as a gas or ether heavenly

124

Evoke

call up bring out

125

Exacerbate

V to make worse ;

126

Exemplify

V to illustrate by example; to serve as a good example

127

Exonerate

V to free completely from blame; to exculpate

128

Exoneration

set someone clear (e.g.. from blame)

129

Exorbitant

much too high or great

130

Expatiate

to roam wander freely

131

Extinct

no longer active

132

Extralegal

outside the law

133

Extrapolate

V to protect or deduce from something known; to infer

134

Extricate

V to free from difficulty

135

Facile

Adj fluent; skillful in a superficial way; easy

136

Feckless

lacking purpose or vitality ineffective careless

137

Ferocity

savage cruelty

138

Fervid

showing earnest feeling

139

Finicky

finical

140

Flak

criticism/anti-aircraft guns

141

Fledgling

inexperienced

142

Flinch

draw move back wince

143

Flout

V to disregard something out of disrespect

144

Foil

prevent from carrying out contrast

145

Forfeit

suffer the loss of something

146

Forgo

v to do without ; to forbear

147

Fortuitous

a accidental ; occurring by chance

148

Frantic

wildly excited with joy pain anxiety

149

Fret

worry irritation wear away

150

Fringe

edge ornamental border part of hair over the forehead

151

Furtive

a secretive ; sly

152

Gait

a manner of walking, stepping, or running

153

Germane

relevant pertinent to

154

Gesticulate

v to make gestures especially when speaking or in place of speaking

155

Glean

gather facts in small quantities

156

Gloat

over look at with selfish delight

157

Gnaw

waste away bite steadily

158

Gossamer

soft light delicate material

159

Gourmand

a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

160

Gravity

n seriousness

161

Graze

touch or scrape lightly in passing

162

Grouse

Complain or grumble (verb)

163

Grovel

crawl humble oneself

164

Guileless

without deceit

165

Hack

cut roughly hired horse

166

Harangue

long, passionate, and vehement speech

167

Harrow

to distress create stress or torment

168

Hierarchy

n an organization based on rank or degree ; pecking order

169

Histrionic

a overly dramatic ; theatrical ;

170

Hoi

polloi the masses the rabble

171

Homily

n a sermon

172

Hush

make or become silent

173

Hyperbole

n an exaggeration used as a figure of speech ; exaggeration exaggeration

174

Hypothetical

a uncertain ; unproven

175

Idyllic

a charming in a rustic way ; naturally peaceful

176

Ignoble

dishonorable common undignified

177

Ignominy

n deep disgrace

178

Imperturbable

calm; placid

179

Implode

burst inward

180

Inadvertently

unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly

181

Incisive

a cutting right to the heart of the matter

182

Incongruous

a not harmonious ; not consistent ; not appropriate not fitting in

183

Incorrigibility

cannot be cured or corrected

184

Incursion

a raid a sudden attack

185

Indeterminate

uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite

186

Ineptitude

quality of being unskillful

187

Inexorable

a relentless ; inevitable ; unavoidable

188

Infuriate

fill with fury or rage

189

Inquest

Legal or judicial inquiry, especially before a jury and especially made by a coroner into the cause of someone.s death

190

Insensible

unconscious; unresponsive

191

Intersperse

place here and there

192

Irascible

a easily angered or provoked ; irritable

193

Jagged

notched

194

Labyrinthine

to entangle the state of affairs

195

Lachrymose

causing tears tearful

196

Lambaste

attack verbally

197

Lament

v to mourn

198

Largess

n generous giving of gifts or the gifts themselves ; generosity ; philanthropy

199

Libel

n a written or published falsehood that injures the reputation of or defames someone ;

200

Livid

Furiously angry, enraged

201

Lugubrious

a exaggeratedly mournful

202

Lurk

be out of view ready to attack

203

Magnanimous

a forgiving ; unresentful ; noble in spirit ; generous

204

Manacle

chains for the hands or feet

205

Marshal

v to arrange in order ; to gather together for the purpose of doing something ;

206

Martial

a warlike ; having to do with combat

207

Massacre

cruel killing of a large number of people

208

Matriculate

v to enroll especially at a college

209

Matriculation

be admitted enter a university as a student

210

Mediate

v to help settle differences

211

Mendacity

dishonesty

212

Mercurial

a emotionally unpredictable ; rapidly changing in mood

213

Mince

pronounce or speak affectedly euphemize

214

Misanthrope

one who hates mankind

215

Miser

person who loves wealth and spends little

216

Moderation

quality of being limited not extreme

217

Monolithic

a massive solid uniform and unyielding

218

Negligent

taking too little care

219

Nibble

show some inclination to accept (an offer)

220

Nonplused

greatly surprised

221

Oblivion

n total forgetfulness ; the state of being forgotten ;

222

Obtuse

a insensitive ; blockheaded

223

Obviate

make unnecessary; get rid of

224

Occlude

shut; close

225

Onus

responsilibilty,burden

226

Opaque

a impossible to see through ; impossible to understand

227

Orison

prayer

228

Ossify

to turn to bone to settle rigidly into an idea

229

Ostentation

display to obtain admiration or envy

230

Painstaking

a extremely careful ; taking pains =pains-taking = taking pains

231

Palate

roof of the mouth sense of taste

232

Palpability

can be felt touched understood

233

Paradigm

n a model or example ;

234

Paragon

model of perfection

235

Partisan

n one who supports a particular person cause or idea

236

Patent

a obvious

237

Pathological

pertaining to disease

238

Patriarch

n the male head of a family or tribe

239

Pejorative

a negative ; disparaging negative disparaging

240

Pellucid

transparent easy to understand

241

Penitent

a sorry ; repentant ; contrite sorry repentant contrite

242

Peremptory

a final ; categorical ; dictatorial categorical

243

Perfunctory

a unenthusiastic ; careless careless; unenthusiastic

244

Perquisite

n a privilege that goes along with a job ; a perk =perk

245

Pertinent

a relevant ; dealing with the matter at hand ... relevant

246

Peruse

v to read carefully

247

Pervade

v to spread throughout

248

Phlegmatic

calm; not easily disturbed

249

Pileous

Covered with hair

250

Pious

a reverent or devout ; outwardly and sometimes falsely reverent or devout ; hypocritical

251

Plead

address a court of law as an advocate

252

Pliant

pliable easily bent shaped or twisted

253

Plod

continue doing something without resting

254

Postulate

n something accepted as true without proof ; and axiom

255

Precept

n a rule to live by ; a principle establishing a certain kind of action or behavior ; a maxim maxim;

256

Precepts

rules establishing standards of conduct

257

Precipitate adj.

rash, premature, hasty, sudden

258

Precipitous

a steep steep;

259

Precursors

a person or thing that precedes, as in a process or job.

260

Preeminent

a better than anyone else ; outstanding ; supreme

261

Preen

tidy/show self-satisfaction

262

Premise

n an assumption ; the basis for a conclusion

263

Presentiment

anticipatory fear; premonition

264

Presumption

arrogance

265

Presumptuous

arrogant; taking liberties

266

Prodigal

a wastefully extravagant ;

267

Profane

a not having to do with religion; irreverent; blasphemous

268

Profligacy

shameless immorality

269

Profligate

a extravagantly wasteful and usually wildly immoral

270

Profundity

depth

271

Proliferate

v to spread or grow rapidly

272

Propitiatory

conciliatory appeasing mitigating

273

Proponent

n an advocate; a supporter of a position ;

274

Protagonist

n the leading character in a novel play or other work; a leader or champion

275

Provoke

make angry vax

276

Proximity

n nearness

277

Prudent

a careful; having foresight

278

Pulchritude

Physical beauty

279

Pundit

pedant authority on a subject

280

Purported

a rumored; claimed

281

Pusillanimous

cowardly craven

282

Quaff

drink deeply

283

Qualify

v to modify or restrict

284

Quiescence

state of being passive/motionless

285

Quixotic

a romantic or idealistic to a foolish or impractical degree

286

Raconteur

person who tells anecdotes

287

Raffish

low vulgar base tawdry

288

Ramify

to be divided or subdivided to branch out

289

Rancorous

feeling bitterness spitefulness

290

Rarefied

made less dense (of a gas)

291

Rebut

v to contradict; to argue in opposition to; to prove to be false

292

Recast

cast or fashion anew

293

Recidivism

relapse into antisocial or criminal behavior

294

Reciprocity

granting of privileges in return for similar

295

Recitals

a number of performance of music

296

Redeem

get back by payment compensate

297

Relapse

fall back again

298

Reminiscent

suggest something in the past

299

Renaissance

n a rebirth or revival

300

Renovate

restore something to better condition

301

Repine

at be discontented with

302

Replete

a completely filled; abounding ;

303

Repulsive

causing a feeling of disgust

304

Respite

n a period of rest or relief ;

305

Reticent

a quiet; restrained; reluctant to speak especially about oneself

306

Rhetoric

n the art of formal speaking or writing; inflated discourse

307

Robust

a strong and healthy; vigorous

308

Rubicund

red and healthy

309

Rueful

dejected

310

Ruffian

violent cruel man

311

Ruminate

v to contemplate; to ponder; to mull over

312

Rustic

a rural lacking urban comforts or sophistication; primitive rural

313

Saccharine

a sweet; excessively or disgustingly sweet

314

Sage

person celebrated for wisdom

315

Sanctimonious

a pretending to be devout; affecting religious feeling

316

Saturnine

gloomy dark sullen morose

317

Scrupulous

a strict; careful; hesitant for ethical reasons

318

Scrutinize

v to examine very carefully

319

Seminal

like a seed constituting a source originative

320

Sere

make hard and without feeling

321

Serration

having a toothed edge

322

Shrewd

astute showing sound judgement

323

Shrill

sharp piercing

324

Sinuous

winding undulating serpentine

325

Skeptic

doubter; person who suspends judgment until having examined evidence supporting a point of view

326

Skiff

small boat

327

Sobriquet

nickname

328

Sodden

soaked saturated

329

Somersault

rolling backward or forward (not sideways) movement

330

Sophistry

fallacious reasoning faulty logic

331

Spawn

to bring forth; to produce a large number

332

Sponge

porous rubber for washing live at once expense

333

Staunch

firmly committed; firmly in favor of; steadfast

334

Stifled

suppressed, kept back

335

Strive

to make great efforts, to struggle

336

Strut

pompous walk; supporting bar

337

Stymie

to thwart; to get in the way of; to hinder

338

Subordinate

lower in importance position or rank; secondary

339

Subpoena

written order summoning a witness to appear in a low court

340

Succinct

brief and to the point; concise

341

Suffice

be enough

342

Sullied

to be stained or discredited

343

Sumptuous

magnificent

344

Superficial

on the surface only; shallow; not thorough

345

Superfluous

extra; unnecessary; redundant

346

Surcharge

additional load/charge

347

Surreptitious

sneaky; secret

348

Sycophant

one who sucks up to others

349

Tacit

implied; not spoken implied

350

Tamp

tap or drive down by repeated light blows

351

Telltale

That gives warning or information

352

Temerity

boldness; recklessness; audacity boldness; recklessness; audacity

353

Tenacious

persistent; stubborn; not letting go

354

Tenuous

flimsy; extremely thin

355

Testiness

witness/evidence

356

Thwart

obstruct/frustrate

357

Toady

obsequious flatterer

358

Torpid

dull and slow

359

Tortuous

winding; full of curves; devious; not straightforward

360

Tout

to praise highly; to brag publicly about

361

Trencherman

person who eats a lot

362

Trickle

flow in drops

363

Trifling

unimportant

364

Truce

(agreement) stop of fighting for a time

365

Turgid

excessively ornate swollen or bloated

366

Turmoil

trouble disturbance

367

Tyro

a beginner

368

Unearth

discover and bring to light

369

Unencumbered

easy-going trifle

370

Unremitting

unceasing; unabated; relentless

371

Unscathed

unharmed unhurt

372

Untoward

unfortunate inconvenient

373

Valiant

brave

374

Valorous

brave

375

Vanquish

conquer

376

Viable

capable of living; workable

377

Vicarious

experienced performed or suffered through someone else; living through the experiences of another as though they were ones own experiences

378

Vigilance

watchfulness self-appointed group who maintain order

379

Vindicate

to clear from all blame or suspicion; to justify

380

Visceral

of the internal organs of the body

381

Vituperate

curse abuse in words

382

Volubility

fluency verbosity easy use of spoken language

383

Voluble

fluent

384

Wan

looking ill, not bright

385

Wean

to turn away (from a habit)