Greek Flashcards Preview

Greek and Latin Roots > Greek > Flashcards

Flashcards in Greek Deck (37):
1

α

alpha, a

2

β

beta, b

3

γ, Γ

gamma, g

4

δ, Δ

delta, d

5

ε

epsilon, e

6

ζ

zeta, z

7

η

eta, e

8

θ, Θ

theta, th

9

ι, Ι

iota, i

10

κ

kappa, k or c

11

λ, Λ

lambda, l

12

μ

mu, m

13

ν

nu, n

14

ξ, Ξ

xi, x

15

ο, Ο

omicron, o

16

π, Π

pi, p

17

ρ, Ρ

rho, r or rh

18

σ, ς, Σ

sigma, s

19

τ, Τ

tau, t

20

υ

upsilon, y or u

21

φ, Φ

phi, ph

22

χ, Χ

chi, ch

23

ψ, Ψ

psi, ps

24

ω, Ω

omega, o

25

Diphthongs

Two vowels that blend into a single soun

26

αι

ae, e

27

αυ

au

28

ει

ei, i, e

29

ευ

eu

30

οι

oe, i, e

31

ου

ou, u

32

What is upsilon (υ) usually transliterated as?

As y

33

If gamma (γ) appears before another gamma, kappa (κ), chi (χ), or xi (ξ), what happens?

The gamma is pronounced in Greek, and transliterated in English, as an n

34

If a word begins with a vowel, that vowel is marked with what is called a breathing sign. What are the two breathing signs?

Smooth and rough

35

If a word has a smooth breathing sign, what happens?

The vowel is given its original value.

36

If the word has a rough sing, what happens?

It is pronounced and transliterated with an initial h before the vowel

37

If a word begins with rho (ρ), what happens?

The rho always receives a rough breathing sign and is transliterated as rh.